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Biomass Industry in Germany

  • ID: 2142429
  • Report
  • June 2013
  • Region: Germany
  • 170 Pages
  • Taiyou Research
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Germany has been an ardent supporter of power generation through renewable resources for a long time now. Germany has a combination of biomass power-specific government subsidies, programs and feed-in tariffs, which encourage the biomass power market. In Germany, biomass is used in solid, liquid and gaseous form for the generation of electricity and production of heat as well as for manufacturing biofuels. Germany offers immense biomass feedstock in terms of agricultural byproducts, forestry sectors and dedicated energy crops.

According to Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, the agricultural and forestry sector forms part of the 17 million hectares of agricultural land, with approximately 12 million hectares of arable land and approximately 5 million hectares of grassland.

Germany encourages the growth of biomass feedstock for producing transportation fuel. In this regard, Germany’s Biofuel Quota Act sets minimum quotas for biodiesel and bioethanol in conventional motor fuel. According to legislation in effect since the beginning of 2011, the only biofuels which can be sold in Germany’s transportation market are those which can be demonstrated as coming from feedstock which was grown in line with the principles of sustainability.

Currently, the EEG Act plans to increase the proportion of renewable resources in Germany’s total energy supply to at least 30% by 2020 and to continuously increase this proportion thereafter. Clearly, this indicates the existing regulatory framework for electricity generation will create opportunities for additional renewable power technology capacity installation in Germany. The EEG Act specifies the renewable energies’ share of heat supply is to grow to 14% by 2020. In addition, under Germany’s Biomass Action Plan, the biofuels’ share of fuel use is to be increased to a level which yields a greenhouse gas emissions reduction of 7% by 2020.

High government support mechanisms will create opportunities for electricity generation using biomass feedstock in Germany. Germany’s ambition to substitute non-renewable resources including oil, natural gas,and phase out nuclear power will likely make the federal government promote renewable resources especially biomass power, due to availability of feedstock and commercial viability of biomass power plant operations.

The report contains the following:

- An introduction to what is biomass and the various conversion processes for biomass to energy. Environmental impact of using biomass is also analyzed.

- An analysis of the challenges facing the global power industry and why the world needs biomass power. We analyze the global electricity market through electricity net generation and installed electricity capacity. Importance of renewable resources is analyzed along with installed electricity from renewable sources. The use of biomass for generating energy is looked at along with the likely fall in prices of biomass power.

- Outlook for the global biomass industry including an outlook for the global electricity market, outlook for the global renewables sector, outlook for the global biomass power market and an outlook for the global biomass resource.

- Moving to the biomass power industry in Germany, we analyze the industry profile, market statistics, biomass feedstock in the country, biomass industry regulations, competition in the industry including the major industry players and an industry forecast.

- An analysis of the major players in the biomass industry in Germany is included. Players are analyzed through a company overview, an analysis of their businesses and a SWOT analysis.
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"1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction to Biomass
2.1 What is Biomass?
2.2 Sources of Biomass
2.3 Biomass to Energy: Conversion Processes
2.3.1 Thermal Conversion
2.3.2 Chemical Conversion
2.3.3 Biochemical Conversion
2.4 Environmental Impact of Using Biomass

3. Challenges Facing the Global Power Industry & the Need for Biomass
3.1 Global Electricity Market
3.2 Electricity Net Generation
3.3 Installed Electricity Capacity
3.4 Importance of Renewable Resources
3.5 Installed Electricity from Renewable Sources
3.6 Use of Biomass for Energy
3.7 Cost of Biomass Power: Fall in Prices Likely
3.8 Global Biomass Industry: Outlook
3.8.1 Outlook for the Global Electricity Market
3.8.2 Outlook for the Global Renewables Sector
3.8.3 Outlook for the Global Biomass Power Market
3.8.4 Outlook for Global Biomass Resource

4. Biomass Industry in Germany
4.1 Industry Profile
4.2 Market Statistics
4.3 Biomass Feedstock in Germany
4.4 Biomass Industry Regulations
4.5 Competition in the Industry
4.6 Industry Forecast

5. Analysis of Major Players
5.1 Areva SA
5.1.1 Company Overview
5.1.2 Business Analysis
5.1.3 SWOT Analysis
5.2 Cosan SA Industria e Comercio
5.2.1 Company Overview
5.2.2 Business Analysis
5.2.3 SWOT Analysis
5.3 Drax Group Plc
5.3.1 Company Overview
5.3.2 Business Analysis
5.3.3 SWOT Analysis
5.4 EDF Energy Plc
5.4.1 Company Overview
5.4.2 Business Analysis
5.4.3 SWOT Analysis
5.5 Enel SpA
5.5.1 Company Overview
5.5.2 Business Analysis
5.5.3 SWOT Analysis
5.6 E.ON UK Plc
5.6.1 Company Overview
5.6.2 Business Analysis
5.6.3 SWOT Analysis
5.7 GCL-Poly Energy Holdings Limited
5.7.1 Company Overview
5.7.2 Business Analysis
5.7.3 SWOT Analysis
5.8 Pohjolan Voima Oy
5.8.1 Company Overview
5.8.2 Business Analysis
5.8.3 SWOT Analysis
5.9 RWE AG
5.9.1 Company Overview
5.9.2 Business Analysis
5.9.3 SWOT Analysis
5.10 SSE Plc
5.10.1 Company Overview
5.10.2 Business Analysis
5.10.3 SWOT Analysis
5.11 UPM-Kymmene Corporation
5.11.1 Company Overview
5.11.2 Business Analysis
5.11.3 SWOT Analysis
5.12 Vattenfall AB
5.12.1 Company Overview
5.12.2 Business Analysis
5.12.3 SWOT Analysis
5.13 Bios Bioenergiesysteme Gmbh
5.14 Chemrec AB
5.15 Clenergen Corporation
5.16 Dragon Power Co., Ltd.
5.17 ETH Bioenergia SA
5.18 Euroenergy Group
5.19 Interargem GmbH
5.20 MW Power Oy
5.21 National Bio Energy Co., Ltd.
5.22 New England Wood Pellet Co
5.23 Orient Green Power
5.24 Ptz Bioenergy Ltd.
5.25 Purepower Holdings Limited
5.26 Wartsila Corporation
5.27 Welsh Power Group

6. Glossary

List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2008-12
Figure 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2008-2012
Figure 3: Rankings of Countries by Installed Renewable Power Generation Capacity, 2012
Figure 4: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (%), 2012
Figure 5: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2012
Figure 6: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Figure 7: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Figure 8: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel Under New Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2020–2035
Figure 9: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–2035
Figure 10: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 11: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 12: Waste Power & Net Biomass Generation in Germany (Billion kWh), 2008-2012
Figure 13: Forecast for Installed Solid Biomass Capacity in Germany (MW), 2010-2020

List of Tables

Table 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2008-12
Table 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2008-2012
Table 3: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (GW), 2012
Table 4: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2012
Table 5: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Table 6: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Table 7: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel and Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2008–2035
Table 8: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–2035
Table 9: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Table 10: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Table 11: Waste Power & Net Biomass Generation in Germany (Billion kWh), 2008-2012
Table 12: Forecast for Installed Solid Biomass Capacity in Germany (MW), 2010-2020
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- Areva SA

- RWE AG

- Interargem GmbH
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