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Single and Two-Phase Flows on Chemical and Biomedical Engineering

  • ID: 2317329
  • Book
  • January 2012
  • Bentham Science Publishers Ltd
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Single or two-phase flows are ubiquitous in most natural process and engineering systems. Examples of systems or process include, packed bed reactors, either single phase or multiphase, absorber and adsorber separation columns, filter beds, plate heat exchangers, flow of viscoelastic fluids in polymer systems, or the enhanced recovery of oil, among others.
In each case the flow plays a central role in determining the system or process behaviour and performance. A better understanding of the underlying physical phenomena and the ability to describe the phenomena properly are both crucial to improving design, operation and control processes involving the flow of fluids, ensuring that they will be more efficient and cost effective. Expanding disciplines such as microfluidics and the simulation of complex flow physical systems, such as blood flow in physiological networks, also rely heavily on accurate predictions of fluid flow.
Recent advances either in computational and experimental techniques are improving the existing knowledge of single and multiphase flows in engineering and physical systems of interest. This e- book is a review on the state-of-the-art and recent advances in critical areas of fluid mechanics and transport phenomena with respect to chemical and biomedical engineering applications.
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Foreword i
Preface ii
List of Contributors iii
Acknowledgements xii
Part I: Single Phase Flows on Chemical Enginnering
1. Spacims-Probing the Internal Behaviour of 3D Structured
Materials 3
Jacinto Sá, Cristina-Elena Stere and Alexandre Goguet
2. Modelling of a Monolithic Reverse Flow Reactor for Selective
Catalytic Reduction of NO by Ammonia 26
Emilio Muñoz, David Lesser, Pablo Marín, Salvador Ordóñez and
Fernando V. Díez
3. Mesoscopic Simulation of Rarefied Gas Flow in Porous Media 52
Alexandros N. Kalarakis, Eugene D. Skouras and Vasilis N.
4. Mixing Through Half a Century of Chemical Engineering 79
Ricardo J. Santos, Madalena M. Dias and José Carlos B. Lopes
5. Application of the Probability Density Function Method to
Turbulent Mixing with Chemical Reaction 113
Andrei Chorny
6. Activated Sludge Models Coupled to CFD Simulations 153
Pereira J.P., Karpinska A., Gomes P.J., Martins A.A., Dias M.M.,
Lopes J.C.B. and Santos R.J.
7. Using CFD to Estimate External Mass Transfer Coefficients and
Intra-Particle Diffusional Effects on the Supercritical
Hydrogenation of Sunflower Oil 174
A. Guardo, E. Ramírez, M.A. Larrayoz and F. Recasens
8. Mass Transfer Around a Single Soluble Solid with Different
Shapes Buried in a Packed Bed and Exposed to Fluid Flow 196
J.M.P.Q. Delgado
9. Advances on Viscoelastic Fluid Flow Simulation 233
Jovani L. Favero, Argimiro R. Secchi, Nilo S. M. Cardozo and
Hrvoje Jasak
10. Tree-Shaped Flow Structures Viewed from the Constructal
Theory Perspective 266
António F. Miguel
11. Determination of Effective Transport Properties of Metallic
Foams: Morphology and Flow Laws 292
J. Vicente, E. Brun, J.M. Hugo, J.P. Bonnet and F. Topin
Part II: Two Phase Flows on Chemical Enginnering
12. Flow Visualization in Gas-Solid Packed Beds by Spatially
Resolved Near-Infrared Imaging 332
Aiouache Farid, Nic An tSaoir Méabh and Luis Abreu Fernandes
13. Interfacial Area Modelling in Two-Phase Flow Studies 361
Christophe Morel
14. Mass Transfer Models for Oxygen-Water Co-Current flow in
Vertical Bubble Columns 386
Valdemar Garcia and João Sobrinho Teixeira
15. Characterization of Turbulence and Flow Regimes in Bubble
Columns Based on Nonlinear Chaos Analysis of Various Data 412
Stoyan Nedeltchev
16. Characterization and Modeling of Flotation Processes 440
G.G. Kagramanov and V.A. Kolesnikov
Part III: Single and Two Phase Flows on Biomedical Enginnering
17. Pulse Wave Propagation in Large Blood Vessels Based on Fluid-
Solid Interactions Methods 460
Tomohiro Fukui, Kim H. Parker and Takami Yamaguchi
18. An-Harmonic Modeling of the Peripheral Distortion of the
Arterial Pulse 472
Panagiotes A. Voltairas, D.I. Fotiadis, A. Charalambopoulos and
L.K. Michalis
19. Numerical Analysis of Blood Flow in Stenosed Channels 489
Stéphanie Ferreira, Ricardo P. Dias, Carlos Balsa and Carla S.
20. Blood Flow Behavior in Microchannels: Past, Current and Future
Trends 513
R. Lima, T. Ishikawa, Y. Imai and T. Yamaguchi
21. A Survey of Microchannel Geometries for Mixing of Species in
Biomicrofluidics 548
Francesco Pennella, Francesco Mastrangelo, Diego Gallo, Diana
Massai, Marco A. Deriu, Giuseppe Falvo D'Urso Labate, Cristina
Bignardi, Franco Montevecchi and Umberto Morbiducci
22. Endothelial Cell Responses to Fluid Shear Stress: From
Methodology to Applications 579
Toshiro Ohashi and Masaaki Sato
23. Micro-Flow Visualization of Magnetic Nanoparticles for
Biomedical Applications 600
R. Lima, R.J. Joseyphus, T. Ishikawa, Y. Imai and T. Yamaguchi
24. A Computational Study on the Possibility of the Initialization And
Development of Intracranial Aneurysms Considering Biofluid and
Biosolid Mechanics 613
Yixiang Feng, Shigeo Wada and Takami Yamaguchi
Index 634
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Editors:António Martins, Ricardo Dias, Rui Lima, Teresa Mata
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