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Analyzing the Landfill Gas Industry 2015

  • ID: 471052
  • Report
  • November 2015
  • 160 Pages
  • Aruvian's R'search
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With the increasing global focus of energy conservation and stress on clean generation, Landfill Gas has emerged as a source which is available backdoor, is proven to be economical in cost perspective and is a growing energy resource in the modern world. The mounting advent of mega cities with their generation of mega tons of waste materials coupled with their growing energy consumption needs, has forced civilization to take a deeper look at understanding energy recycling in every from as available at many sources like a sum total zero equation.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP), there are still over 600 landfills that are viable candidates for project development, with a potential gas flow capacity of over 280 bcf per year.

Looking at LFG in technical terms, it is a byproduct of the decay process carried out on LFG at municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. The gas generated from such landfills is an approximate composition of 50% methane and 50% carbon dioxide, coupled with some additional trace compounds. The source heat value of LFG ranges from 400 to 600 British Thermal Units (Btu)/cubic foot and can be adapted to burn in any number of applications by carrying out minor adjustments to fuel/air ratios. The applied usage of LFG provides comprehensive economic and environmental benefits and the users of LFG have achieved significant cost savings compared as compared to their earlier use of traditional fuels. This has mainly been due to the fact that LFG costs are composed of consistently lower costs than the cost of natural gas.

Secondly, the presence of 50% methane in LFG presents a strong environmental case of consuming the gas by burning it as an industrial or residential fuel rather than allowing it’s release in the environment which affects us by causing the greenhouse effect. This will help us build a sustainable future with communities and economic progress intact.

Analyzing the Landfill Gas Industry pertains to the basics of understanding the composition, natural production and transportation of Landfill Gas in the normal economic model. The report analyzes the limitations to the production of LFG and the best periods to capitalize on the generation of the gas. Certain hazards posed by this gas which warrant safe usage practices along with the procedures to assess the potential biohazard any landfill site presents before LFG can be harvested from it.

Any energy analysis is not complete without understanding the environmental impact of that energy source and the technologies deployed for the effective treatment of this energy resource in order to make it safe, clean and usable. The report also analyzes the control measures used in order to utilize LFG as an effective energy tool after the recovery and storage of LFG leading to energy generation. The report also analyzes certain case studies of such implementation of LFG processes.
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A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction
B.1 Overview of Landfill Gas
B.2 Land Fill Gas Composition
B.3 Bio Generation of Land Fill Gas
B.4 Constraints to Landfill Gas Production - Nature’s Inbuilt Control
B.5 Source to Consumption - Movement of Landfill Gas
B.6 Challenges to Transferring Landfill Gas
B.7 Long Distance Landfill Gas Movement
B.8 Landfill Differentiation

C. Regulatory Structures

D. Safety & Health Concerns to LFG
D.1 Is Exposure Harmful?
D.2 Potential Hazards of LFG Usage
D.3 Explosion Hazards
D.4 Defining the Hazards Posed
D.5 Asphyxiation Hazards
D.6 Landfill Fires
D.7 Health Complications with LFG Emissions
D.8 Assessment of LFG Hazards

E. Determining Landfill Gas Environmental Impact

F. Deriving Landfill Gas Samples & Monitoring Processes

G. Pretreating Processes for Landfill Gas

H. Secondary Pretreatment Processes

I. Landfill Gas Controlled Harvestation
I.1 The Need of Control Measures
I.2 Implementing Landfill Gas Control Plan
I.3 Landfill Gas Collection
I.4 Productive Treatment of Landfill Gas
I.5 Landfill Gas Control Measures
I.6 Landfill Gas Control Protocols - Are they Measuring Up?

J. Capitalizing on Collected LFG

K. Energy Generation from LFG Recovery

L Case Studies
L.1 Calabasas Landfill Microturbine Power Generation Project
L.2 HOD Landfill Gas-To-Energy Project
L.3 MountainGate Landfill Gas Plant
L.4 BMW’s Landfill Gas-To-Energy Project
L.5 Vancouver Landfill Gas Project
L.6 Shoalhaven Landfill Gas Project

M. Landfill Gas Industry in the United States
M.1 Major Projects
M.2 Electricity Generation from LFG in the US
M.3 Direct Use of LFG
M.4 Cogeneration

N. Landfill Gas Management in Canada
N.1 GHG Emissions from Landfills
N.2 LFG Projects in Canada
N.3 Major Stakeholders
N.4 Key Strengths
N.5 Government Initiatives & Programs

O. Potential of LFG in Latin America & Caribbean Region
O.1 LFG as an Energy Source in the Region
O.2 Landfill Gas-to-Energy Initiative
O.2.1 First Phase of the Initiative
O.2.2 Second Phase of the Initiative
O.3 Looking at the Chihuahua Landfill
O.4 Looking at the Querétaro Landfill
O.5 Looking at the El Carrasco Landfill
O.6 Looking at the La Esmeralda Landfill
O.7 Looking at the El Combeima Landfill
O.8 Looking at the Gramacho Landfill
O.9 Looking at the Muribeca Landfill
O.10 Looking at the Santa Tecla Landfill
O.11 Looking at the Montevideo Landfill
O.12 Looking at the Santa Tecla Landfill

P. Appendix

Q. Glossary of Terms
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Latin America
United States
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