Biomass Industry in China
- ID: 2142426
- June 2013
- Region: China
- 170 Pages
- Taiyou Research
"The biomass industry in China is currently at a stage of development and is supported by a Feed-in Tariff mechanism. Currently, natural gas contributes 5GW to China’s total installed power generation capacity. As China targets emission cuts, the authorities closed small coal fueled power plants with a total generation capacity of over 25 million kWh in 2011.
Among the nations, US and China have the largest trade difference, as well as highest carbon emission. The IEA projects China has become the largest CO2 emitter in the world in 2010. Accelerating trade difference will also increase cost of emission globally. Naturally reducing emission is the key in future of lower carbon emission. Controlling greenhouse gases by improving biological system is the preferred method for its sustainability and superior results.
This mainly includes reducing deforestation, forestation, reforestation, composting and other agricultural practices. Though China has a substantial volume of biomass feedstock available, the high biomass power generation cost results in slowing down the growth of biomass power market. The reason for high biomass power generation costs is attributable to the lack of commercial viability of the existing systems. Further, the abundance of coal in China makes the generation costs from coal cheaper relatively.
China is expected to enhance biomass power generation using stand-alone technology systems especially in rural areas due to the easy access to biomass resources including agricultural residues and animal dung. China has built a number of biomass energy projects since the beginning of the last five-year period (spanning 2006-2010), the country still lags far behind other countries in terms of biomass energy investments and has not yet made any breakthrough in biomass energy technology. As a result, it behooves the central government to provide additional support for the industry by increasing its investment in research and development of biomass energy technologies, so as to speed up the development of the industry.
Abundance of biomass feedstock will create a market for the rapid installation of biomass power technology in parts of eastern China. According to the Asia Biomass Energy Corporation Promotion Office, the majority of existing and planned biomass power plants are found along China’s east coast spread across the provinces of Jiangsu, Jilin, Henan and Shandong. The availability and easy access to biomass feedstock in eastern part of China may be the reason behind the majority of biomass power plants being located in eastern China.
- An introduction to what is biomass and the various conversion processes for biomass to energy. Environmental impact of using biomass is also analyzed.
- An analysis of the challenges facing the global power industry and why the world needs biomass power. We analyze the global electricity market through electricity net generation and installed electricity capacity. Importance of renewable resources is analyzed along with installed electricity from renewable sources. The use of biomass for generating energy is looked at along with the likely fall in prices of biomass power.
- Outlook for the global biomass industry including an outlook for the global electricity market, outlook for the global renewables sector, outlook for the global biomass power market, and an outlook for the global biomass resource.
- Moving to the biomass power industry in China, we analyze the industry profile, market statistics, biomass feedstock in the country, biomass industry regulations, competition in the industry including the major industry players and an industry forecast.
- An analysis of the major players in the biomass industry in China is included. Players are analyzed through a company overview, an analysis of their businesses and a SWOT analysis. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
1. Executive Summary
2. Introduction to Biomass
2.1 What is Biomass?
2.2 Sources of Biomass
2.3 Biomass to Energy: Conversion Processes
2.3.1 Thermal Conversion
2.3.2 Chemical Conversion
2.3.3 Biochemical Conversion
2.4 Environmental Impact of Using Biomass
3. Challenges Facing the Global Power Industry & the Need for Biomass
3.1 Global Electricity Market
3.1.1 Electricity Net Generation
3.1.2 Installed Electricity Capacity
3.2 Importance of Renewable Resources
3.3 Installed Electricity from Renewable Sources
3.4 Use of Biomass for Energy
3.5 Cost of Biomass Power: Fall in Prices Likely
3.6 Global Biomass Industry: Outlook
3.6.1 Outlook for the Global Electricity Market
3.6.2 Outlook for the Global Renewables Sector
3.6.3 Outlook for the Global Biomass Power Market
3.6.4 Outlook for Global Biomass Resource
4. Biomass Industry in China
4.1 Industry Profile
4.2 Market Statistics
4.3 Biomass Feedstock in China
4.4 Biomass Industry Regulations
4.5 Competition in the Industry
4.6 Industry Forecast
5. Analysis of Major Players
5.1 GCL-Poly Energy Holdings Limited
5.1.1 Company Overview
5.1.2 Business Analysis
5.1.3 SWOT Analysis
5.2 Dragon Power Co., Ltd.
5.3 National Bio Energy Co., Ltd.
List of Figures
Figure 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2007-11
Figure 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2007-2011
Figure 3: Rankings of Countries by Installed Renewable Power Generation Capacity, 2011
Figure 4: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (%), 2011
Figure 5: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2011
Figure 6: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Figure 7: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Figure 8: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel Under New Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2020–2035
Figure 9: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–35
Figure 10: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 11: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 12: Waste & Net Biomass Power Generation in China (Billion kWh), 2007-2011
Figure 13: Forecast for Bioenergy Electricity Generation in China (GWh), 2020
List of Tables
Table 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2007-11
Table 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2007-2011
Table 3: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (GW), 2011
Table 4: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2011
Table 5: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Table 6: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Table 7: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel and Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2008–35
Table 8: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–35
Table 9: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Table 10: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Table 11: Waste & Net Biomass Power Generation in China (Billion kWh), 2007-2011
Table 12: Forecast for Bioenergy Electricity Generation in China (GWh), 2020