Eating a plant-based diet rich in vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes can reduce the risk of bowel cancer in men by more than 22 percent. A study of 80,000 men found that those who ate the largest amounts of healthy plant-based foods had a lower risk of bowel cancer compared with those who ate the least. The researchers found no such link for women.
Participants were asked what they ate, and responses were grouped into healthy plant foods (whole grains, fruits, vegetables, vegetable oils, nuts, legumes such as lentils and chickpeas, tea and coffee), less healthy plant foods (refined grains, fruit juices, potatoes, added sugars), and animal foods (animal fat, dairy, eggs, fish or seafood, meat). Researchers think the antioxidants found in foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contribute to lowering colorectal cancer risk by suppressing chronic inflammation, which can lead to cancer.
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