The World Market for Gas Flow Measurement

  • ID: 1047289
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 530 Pages
  • Flow Research, Inc
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We have completed a new market study on the worldwide gas flow measurement market. One goal was to determine the market size of various types of flowmeters used to measure gas flow. In addition, forecasts through 2008 are included. The following types of flowmeters are included in the study:

Coriolis, Ultrasonic, Vortex, Thermal, Differential Pressure (DP), Positive Displacement, Turbine, and Variable Area

The study has multiple purposes:

To determine market size and market shares for all types of flowmeters used to measure gas flow worldwide.

To forecast market growth in flowmeters used to measure gas flow through 2008.

To understand how the different types of flowmeters used to measure gas flow stack up against each other.

To identify industries and applications where different flow technologies are competing, and where they are complementary

To update information on the impact of industry approvals that are affecting the market (e.g., AGA-9).

To better understand the interaction of new-technology flowmeters (ultrasonic, Coriolis, vortex, thermal) with traditional meters (DP, turbine, PD).

To provide strategies to manufacturers for selling into the gas flow measurement market

To provide company profiles of the main suppliers of gas flow measurement flowmeters.

The study is divided into the following regions:

-North America

-Europe

-Japan

-Asia without Japan

-Rest of World

The study will identifies certain application areas that are especially important. These include:

-Custody transfer of natural gas

-Check metering and non-custody-transfer applications for natural gas flow measurement

-Process gas measurement

-Utility applications

-Stack flow and flare gas measurement

-Other applications

Of special interest are applications where technologies are competing. This includes:

-Ultrasonic vs. Turbine vs. DP for custody transfer of natural gas

-Thermal vs. DP vs. ultrasonic for stack flow gas measurement

-Coriolis vs. ultrasonic vs. DP and others for process gas flow measurement

It is especially interesting to understand how Coriolis meters and thermal meters relate to each other. Coriolis meters are used for high accuracy measurements, and thermal flowmeters excel in measuring low flows, including airflow. In what industries and applications do they compete, and where are they complementary? This study answers that question, and many other questions about gas flow measurement.

*It is published in two volumes:

I. New-Technology Flowmeters

II. Traditional Technology Flowmeters
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Book One: New-Technology Flowmeters

Executive Summary
Overview
Study Objectives
Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region: Figures 1-1 to 1-3
Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Flowmeter Type: Figure 1-4
Market Shares for the Suppliers of Gas Flowmeters: Figure 1-5
Tap into the Fast-Growing Market for Gas Flow Measurement
Emphasize the Accuracy and Reliability of Gas Flowmeters

Introduction and Methodology
Overview
A complete Analysis of the Flowmeter & Pressure Markets
The Role of Viewpoint Pluralism
The Importance of Cross-Technology Research
Leading Suppliers vs. All suppliers
Study Objectives
Methodology
Definitions
Geographic Regions
Industries Included
Flowmeter Sizes
Flowmeter Applications
Flowmeter Industry Structure
Flow Research, Inc
Custom Projects

World Market Size and Forecast
Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region: Figures 3-1 to 3-5
Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Flowmeter Type:
Figures 3-7 to 3-12
Average Selling Price of Gas Flowmeters by Type: Figure 3-13
Market Shares for the Suppliers of Gas Flowmeters: Figure 3-14

Coriolis Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Why Measure Mass Flow?
Coriolis Flowmeter Product Analysis
Emerson Brooks
Endress+Hauser
Heinrichs
Krohne
Micro Motion
Oval
Rheonik
Yokogawa
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Coriolis Gas Flowmeter Market
Custody Transfer of Natural Gas is a Potential Boom
Market for Coriolis Meters
Introduction of Low Cost Coriolis Meters
High Accuracy Continues to be a Factor
Users are Looking for Low Maintenance
Suppliers Continue to Make Technological Improvements
in Coriolis Flowmeters
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeter by Region:
Figures 4-1 to 4-5
Average Selling Price of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figure 4-6
Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 4-7 to 4-14
Average Price of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figure 4-15
Shipments of Coriolis Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 4-16
Shipments of Coriolis Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 4-17
Shipments of Coriolis Flowmeters Worldwide by Distribution
Channels: Figure 4-18
Shipments of Coriolis Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type:

Ultrasonic Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Overview
History
Advantages of Ultrasonic Flowmeters
Types of Ultrasonic Flowmeters
Ultrasonic Flowmeter Product Analysis
Controlotron
Durag Group
Emerson Daniel
FMC Measurement Solutions
GE Panametrics
Roxar
Instromet
Kaijo
Krohne
Matelco
Sick
Teledyne Monitor Labs
Tokimec
Ultraflux
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeter Market
Use for Custody Transfer of Natural Gas
Suppliers Continue to Enter the Market
The Development of Multipath Flowmeters
More Calibration Facilities Now Available
Increased Use of Ultrasonic Flowmeters in the Process
Industries
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figures 5-1 to 5-5
Average Selling Price of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figure 5-6
Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 5-7 to 5-14
Average Price of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figure 5-15
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 5-16
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 5-17
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by Distribution
Channels: Figure 5-18
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 5-19

Vortex Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Vortex Flowmeter Product Analysis
ABB
EMCO
Emerson Rosemount
Endress+Hauser
Foxboro
J-Tec
Krohne
Oval
Sierra Instruments
Yokogawa
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Custody Transfer of Natural Gas a Potential Market for
Vortex Meters
Vortex Meters Offer a Reliable and Accurate Measurement
At a Competitive Price
Multivariable Vortex Flowmeters Now Available
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figures 6-1 to 6-5
Average Selling Price of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figure 6-6
Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 6-7 to 6-14
Average Price of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figure 6-15
Shipments of Vortex Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 6-16
Shipments of Vortex Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 6-17
Shipments of Vortex Flowmeters Worldwide by Distribution
Channels: Figure 6-18
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 6-19

Thermal Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Advantages and Disadvantages
Why Thermal is an Exciting Technology
Thermal Flowmeter Product Analysts
ABB
Endress+Hauser
Fluid Components Int’l
Fox Thermal Instruments
Intek
Kurz Instruements
Sierra Instruments
Tokyo Keiso
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Thermal Gas Flowmeter Market
Use of Thermal Flowmeters for Continuous Emissions
Monitoring (CEM)
Improvements in Thermal Flowmeter Technology
Thermal Flowmeters Good for Low-Flow Gas Applications
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figures 7-1 to 7-5
Average Selling Price of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figure 7-6
Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 7-7 to 7-14
Average Price of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figure 7-15
Shipments of Thermal Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 7-16
Shipments of Thermal Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 7-17
Shipments of Thermal Flowmeters Worldwide by Distribution
Channels: Figure 7-18
Shipments of Ultrasonic Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 7-19

DP Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Overview
What is Pressure?
Pressure Transmitters
Five Types of Pressure Transmitters
Pressure Transmitter Products
ABB
Air Monitor
Bristol Babcock
Emerson Rosemount
Endress+Hauser
Foxboro
Fuji
Hitachi
Honeywell
Siemens
Smar
Yokogawa
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the DP Gas Flow Market
The Large Installed Base of DP Transmitters
Development of Multivariable DP Transmitters
Advantages of DP Transmitters for Large Line Sizes
Availability of Man Primary Elements for DP Flow
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region: Figure 8-1 to 8-5
Average Selling Price of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figure 8-6
Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 8-7 to 8-14
Average Price of DP Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figure 8-15
Shipments of DP Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 8-16
Shipments of DP Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 8-17
Shipments of DP Flowmeters Worldwide by Distribution
Channels: Figure 8-18
Shipments of DP Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 8-19

Positive Displacement Gas Flow Products, Market Size,
and Forecast
Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeter Product Analysis
Actaris
American Meter Company
Dresser
Elster
Instromet
RMG
Sensus Technologies
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Positive Displacement Gas
Flowmeter Market
Positive Displacement One of the Earliest Flowmeters
Positive Displacement Flowmeter Installed Base
High Accuracy a Major Factor
Positive Displacement Flowmeters Entrenched in Gas
Utility Applications
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters
by Region: Figure 9-1 to 9-5
Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Gas
Flowmeters by Region: Figure 9-6
Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters
by Application: Figures 9-7 to 9-14
Average Price of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters
by Application: Figure 9-15
Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters
Worldwide by Line Size: Figure 9-16
Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters
Worldwide by Industry: Figure 9-17
Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters
Worldwide by Distribution Channels: Figure 9-18
Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 9-19

Turbine Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Turbine Flowmeter Design
Turbine Flowmeter Products Section
EMCO
Emerson Daniel
Flowmetrics
FMC Invalco
Hoffer Flow Controls
Instromet
NuFlo Measurement
RMG
Thermo Measurement
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Turbine Gas Flowmeter Market
Turbine Flowmeters are Well-Established
Installed Base of Turbine Flowmeters
Approval Organizations Specify Turbine Flowmeters
Turbine Flowmeters Remain a Viable Choice for Steady,
Medium to High-Speed Flows
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Region:
Figures 10-1 to 10-5
Average Selling Price of Turbine Gas Flowmeters
by Region: Figure 10-6
Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Application:
Figures 10-7 to 10-14
Average Price of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Applications:
Figure 10-15
Shipments of Turbine Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size:
Figure 10-16
Shipments of Turbine Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry:
Figure 10-17
Shipments of Turbine Flowmeters Worldwide by
Distribution Channels: Figure 10-18
Shipments of Turbine Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 10-19

Variable Area Gas Flow Products, Market Size, and Forecast
Variable Area Suppliers
Aalborg
ABB
Emerson Brooks
Flo-Cat
Key Instruments
King Instrument Company
Krohne
Tokyo Keiso
Yokogawa
Market Size and Growth Forecasts
Growth Factors for the Variable Area Gas Flow Market
Variable Area Flowmeters Continue to Fill Multiple Needs
For Users
Variable Area Flowmeters are the Lowest Cost Solution
Available
Variable Area Flowmeters Will Continue to be Used for
Laboratory, and Research Applications
Factors Limiting Growth
Market Forecasts
Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters
by Region: Figure 11-1 to 11-5
Average Selling Price of Variable Area Gas
Flowmeters by Region: Figure 11-6
Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters
by Application: Figures 11-7 to 11-14
Average Price of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters
by Application: Figure 11-15
Shipments of Variable Area Flowmeters
Worldwide by Line Size: Figure 11-16
Shipments of Variable Area Flowmeters
Worldwide by Industry: Figure 11-17
Shipments of Variable Area Flowmeters
Worldwide by Distribution Channels: Figure 11-18
Shipments of Variable Area Flowmeters Worldwide by
Customer Type: Figure 11-19

Gas Flowmeter Supplier Market Shares
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Coriolis
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-1 to12-3
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Ultrasonic
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-4 to12-6
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Vortex
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-7 to12-9
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Thermal
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-10 to12-12
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Differential Pressure
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-10 to12-12
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-10 to12-12
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Turbine
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-10 to12-12
Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Variable Area
Gas Flowmeters: Figures 12-10 to12-12

Strategies for Success
Tap into the Fast-Growing Market for Gas Flow Measurement
Pursue the Market for Steam Applications
Offer Flowmeters Designed for Specific Industries
And Applications
Become a Broad-Line Supplier
Emphasize the Accuracy and Reliability of Gas Flowmeters
Form Alliances with Other Companies
Emphasize the Advantages of New-Technology Flowmeters
Consider Multivariable Flowmeters
Work with Industry Associations to Obtain Approvals
For Gas Flowmeters
Educate Your Customers about New-Technology Flowmeters
Invest in Smart Flowmeters, and in Communication Protocols
Emphasize the Advantages of Turbine Flowmeters
Invest in the Water or Gas Utility Measurement Market
Look into Offering Smart Turbine Flowmeters

Company Profiles
ABB
Actaris Metering Systems
Aichi Tokei Denki
Bristol Babcock
Controlotron
Danfoss
Elster-Amco Group
American Meter Company
Dresser
Emerson Brooks
Emerson Daniel
Emerson Micro Motion
Emerson Rosemount
Endress+Hauser
Fluid Components Int’l
FMC Measurement Solutions
Fuji Electric
GE Panametrics
Honeywell
Instromet International
Invensys
Foxboro
Key Instruments
King Instruments
Krohne
Kurz Instruments
NuFlo Measurement Systems
Oval Corporation
Sensus Metering Systems
Siemens AG
Sierra Instruments
Tokyo Keiso
Yamatake Corporation
Yokogawa Electric Company

Appendix The World Market for Measuring Gas Flow ............................... A

LIST OF FIGURES
1-1 Total Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
1-2 Total Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
1-3 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region
1-4 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Type
1-5 Market Shares for Suppliers of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
2-1 New-Technology and Traditional Technology Flowmeters
2-2 Gas Flowmeters Offered by Flowmeter Suppliers
3-1 Total Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
3-2 Total Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
3-3 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region
3-4 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region
3-5 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters by Region
3-6 Average Selling Price of Gas Flowmeters by Region
3-7 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Flowmeter Type
3-8 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters in North America by Flowmeter Type
3-9 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Flowmeter Type
3-10 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Flowmeter Type
3-11 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters in Asia without Japan by Flowmeter Type
3-12 Shipments of Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Flowmeter Type
3-13 Average Selling Price of Gas Flowmeters by Type
3-14 Market Shares for Suppliers of Gas Flowmeters
4-1 Total Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
4-2 Total Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
4-3 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Region
4-4 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Region
4-5 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Region
4-6 Average Selling Price of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Region
4-7 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
4-8 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Technology
4-9 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
4-10 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters in North America by Application
4-11 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
4-12 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
4-13 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan by Application
4-14 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
4-15 Average Selling Price of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters by Application
4-16 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
4-17 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
4-18 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
4-19 Shipments of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
5-1 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
5-2 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
5-3 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region
5-4 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region
5-5 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region
5-6 Average Selling Price of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Region
5-7 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
5-8 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
5-9 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
5-10 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
5-11 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
5-12 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
5-13 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
5-14 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
5-15 Average Selling Price of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters by Application
5-16 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
5-17 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
5-18 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
5-19 Shipments of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
6-1 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
6-2 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
6-3 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region
6-4 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region
6-5 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region
6-6 Average Selling Price of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Region
6-7 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
6-8 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
6-9 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
6-10 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
6-11 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
6-12 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
6-13 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
6-14 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
6-15 Average Selling Price of Vortex Gas Flowmeters by Application
6-16 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
6-17 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
6-18 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
6-19 Shipments of Vortex Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
7-1 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
7-2 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
7-3 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region
7-4 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region
7-5 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region
7-6 Average Selling Price of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Region
7-7 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
7-8 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
7-9 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
7-10 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
7-11 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
7-12 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
7-13 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
7-14 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
7-15 Average Selling Price of Thermal Gas Flowmeters by Application
7-16 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
7-17 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
7-18 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
7-19 Shipments of Thermal Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
8-1 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
8-2 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
8-3 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region
8-4 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region
8-5 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region
8-6 Average Selling Price of DP Gas Flowmeters by Region
8-7 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
8-8 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
8-9 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
8-10 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters in North America by Application
8-11 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
8-12 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
8-13 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan by Application
8-14 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
8-15 Average Selling Price of DP Gas Flowmeters by Application
8-16 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
8-17 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
8-18 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
8-19 Shipments of DP Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
9-1 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
9-2 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
9-3 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters by Region
9-4 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters by Region
9-5 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters by Region
9-6 Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters
by Region
9-7 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
9-8 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
9-9 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
9-10 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
9-11 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters in Europe
by Application
9-12 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters in Japan
by Application
9-13 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
9-14 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters in
Rest of World by Application
9-15 Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters
by Application
9-16 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Line Size
9-17 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Industry
9-18 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Sales Channel
9-19 Shipments of Positive Displacement Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Customer Type
10-1 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
10-2 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
10-3 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Region
10-4 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Region
10-5 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Region
10-6 Average Selling Price of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Region
10-7 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
10-8 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
10-9 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Application
10-10 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
10-11 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters in Europe by Application
10-12 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters in Japan by Application
10-13 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
10-14 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters in Rest of World by Application
10-15 Average Selling Price of Turbine Gas Flowmeters by Application
10-16 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Line Size
10-17 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Industry
10-18 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Sales Channel
10-19 Shipments of Turbine Gas Flowmeters Worldwide by Customer Type
11-1 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
11-2 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
11-3 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters by Region
11-4 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters by Region
11-5 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters by Region
11-6 Average Selling Price of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters
by Region
11-7 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
11-8 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
11-9 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application
11-10 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters in North America
by Application
11-11 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters in Europe
by Application
11-12 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters in Japan
by Application
11-13 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Application
11-14 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters in
Rest of World by Application
11-15 Average Selling Price of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters
by Application
11-16 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Line Size
11-17 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Industry
11-18 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Sales Channel
11-19 Shipments of Variable Area Gas Flowmeters Worldwide
by Customer Type
12-1 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Coriolis Gas Flowmeters
Worldwide
12-2 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Coriolis Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-3 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Coriolis Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-4 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeters
Worldwide
12-5 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Ultrasonic Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-6 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Ultrasonic Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-7 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Vortex Gas Flowmeters
Worldwide
12-8 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Vortex Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-9 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Vortex Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-10 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Thermal Gas Flowmeters
Worldwide
12-11 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Thermal Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-12 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Thermal Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-13 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of DP Gas Flowmeters
Worldwide
12-14 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of DP Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-15 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of DP Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-16 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement Gas
Flowmeters Worldwide
12-17 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement Gas
Flowmeters in North America
12-18 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement Gas
Flowmeters in Europe
12-19 Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Turbine Gas Flowmeters
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Flow measurement is primarily concerned with measuring the flow of liquids and gases. Steam, which is water vapor, can be considered as a form of gas. Steam is also an important flow measurement.

Gas takes many forms. Types of gas include natural gas, fuel gas, atmospheric gas, compressed natural gas, and many others. Individual gases that are especially important include hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. Air is a gas, although it is a mixture of gases that include nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and many other gases. Just as water is an essential element of life, so life as we know it would not be possible without the air we breathe.

Natural Gas
Natural gas plays an especially important role in the flowmeter industry. Natural gas is an important source of fuel and energy. Like coal and petroleum, it is a fossil fuel. Like air, natural gas is a mixture of gases. These include methane, ethane, propane, butane, and other alkanes. Natural gas is found in the ground, along with petroleum. It is extracted and refined into fuels that supply a significant portion of the world’s energy supply.

Compressed natural gas (CNG) has taken on importance as a source of fuel for alternative energy vehicles. Vehicles powered by natural gas are highly efficient, and emit significantly lower amounts of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and pollutants harmful to the ozone layer than gasoline powered vehicles. CNG powered vehicles are fueled at filling stations that are very much like gasoline stations, and several companies have created flowmeters specifically designed for these CNG filling stations.

Gas flow measurement can also be divided into three broad categories: industrial, commercial, and residential. Industrial gas flow measurement includes flow measurement that occurs in manufacturing and process plants, including chemical plants and refineries. Commercial gas flow measurement occurs at businesses and commercial buildings such as restaurants, office buildings, and apartment complexes. This is a form of utility measurement, since these flowmeters typically measure the amount of natural gas used by the business or in the commercial building. Residential gas flow measurement refers to flowmeters that measure the amount of gas used at individual homes and apartments.

Utility vs. Industrial. Meters used to measure gas or water entering a building or plant for the purpose of billing the plant for their use of gas or water are considered to be utility meters. These meters are typically sold to a gas or water utility company and installed at the building or plant by the utility company. Meters used within a building or plant for internal allocation purposes of gas, water, or other liquids, are considered to be industrial meters. They are typically sold to the owners of the plant or building itself, as opposed to a utility company.

Positive Displacement Flowmeters
Positive displacement (PD) flowmeters are widely used for utility measurements of gas flow. One main type is the diaphragm meter. Diaphragm meters have several diaphragms that capture the fluid as it passes through the meter. Differential pressure across the meter causes one diaphragm to expand and one to contract. A rotating crank mechanism helps produce a smooth flow of gas through the meter. This mechanism is connected via gearing to the index, which registers the amount of fluid that passes through the meter.

Another type of PD meter for gas flow measurement is the rotary meter. Rotary flowmeters have one or more rotors that are used to trap the fluid. With each rotation of the rotors, a specific amount of fluid is captured. Flowrate is proportional to the rotational velocity of the rotors. Rotary meters are used for both liquid and gas applications. Rotary meters are used for industrial applications.

Turbine Flowmeters

Turbine flowmeters have a rotor that spins in proportion to flowrate. There are many types of turbine meters, but many of those used for gas flow are called axial meters. Axial turbine meters have a rotor that revolves around the axis of flow. Most flowmeters for oil measurement and for measuring industrial liquids and gases are axial flowmeters. Axial meters differ according to the number of blades and the shape of the rotors. Axial meters for liquids have a different design from axial meters for gas applications. Like PD meters, turbine meters are used as a billing meter to measure the amount of gas used at commercial buildings and industrial plants.

Ultrasonic Flowmeters

The use of ultrasonic flowmeters to measure natural gas flow gained momentum following the publication of AGA-9 in June 1998. This report from the American Gas Association gives criteria for using ultrasonic flowmeters for custody transfer of natural gas. The AGA had previously issued reports on differential pressure (DP) flowmeters (AGA-3) and turbine flowmeters (AGA-7). Since the publication of AGA-9, the AGA has also issued a report on the use of Coriolis flowmeters (AGA-11).

The use of ultrasonic flowmeters is continuing to grow, both for custody transfer and process gas measurement. Unlike PD and turbine meters, ultrasonic flowmeters do not have moving parts. And pressure drop is much reduced with an ultrasonic meter when compared to PD, turbine, and DP meters. Installation of ultrasonic meters is relatively straightforward, and maintenance requirements are low.

Ultrasonic flowmeters come as both inline and clamp-on configurations. Some have one ultrasonic beam, while those with higher accuracy use multiple beams. These are known as multipath ultrasonic flowmeters. Meters used for custody transfer purposes are inline multipath meters. Most of these custody transfer meters use four, five, or six paths, depending on manufacturer, to make a highly accurate measurement. Manufacturers include Instromet, Emerson Daniel, and FMC Measurement Solutions.

Differential Pressure Flowmeters
DP flowmeters consist of a differential pressure transmitter, together with a primary element. The primary element places a constriction in the flowstream, and the DP transmitter measures the difference in pressure upstream and downstream of the constriction. The transmitter or a flow computer then computes flow, using Bernoulli’s theorem.

Types of primary elements include orifice plates, venturis, flow nozzles, pitot tubes, wedges, and others. Venturis are especially suited to high-speed flows. Orifice plates are still the most widely used type of primary elements. Their disadvantages are the amount of pressure drop caused, and the fact that they can be knocked out of position by impurities in the flowstream. Orifice plates are also subject to wear over time.

DP flowmeters are used to measure the flow of liquid, gas, and steam. Like ultrasonic and turbine meters, they are used for the custody transfer of natural gas. In many cases, end-users buy their pressure transmitters and primary elements from different suppliers. However, several vendors have integrated the pressure transmitter with the primary element to form a complete flowmeter. These have the advantage that they can be calibrated with the primary element and DP transmitter already in place.

Coriolis Flowmeters
Coriolis flowmeters are the most highly accurate meter. However, liquid flow measurement still predominates for Coriolis meters because gases are less dense than liquids, and the measurement is somewhat more difficult. A number of suppliers have brought out Coriolis meters for gas flow measurement, however, and this is a growing area for Coriolis. One application that Coriolis has come to excel in is in measuring compressed natural gas (CNG) for alternative fuel vehicles. Here they compete primarily with turbine flowmeters.

Thermal
Thermal flowmeters are used almost exclusively to measure gas flow. Thermal flowmeters typically inject heat into the flowstream and then measure how quickly it dissipates. This value is proportional to mass flow. Two methods used are called constant current and constant temperature.

Thermal flowmeters grew out of the use of hot-wire anemometers for research applications. Early companies to develop thermal flowmeters include Sierra Instruments, Kurz Instruments, and Fluid Components International (FCI). Thermal flowmeters excel at measuring gas at low flowrates. Measuring low flows is a difficulty for some meters, including vortex, but this is where thermal flowmeters shine. Accuracy levels are improving for thermal flowmeters, as suppliers introduce product improvements.

One application where thermal flowmeters are widely used is in the measurement of stack flows. Gas flow has to be measured in smoke stacks to conform to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reporting requirements. Insertion thermal flowmeters are used to measure the flow of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx), and other industrial pollutants. Because of the large size of the stacks, insertion thermal meters that use multiple measuring points are used for these applications. Other flowmeters used for smoke stack applications are DP meters with averaging pitot tubes, and ultrasonic flowmeters.

Mass Flow Controllers
Mass flow controllers not only measure flow; they also control it. They differ from thermal flowmeters in that most divert a small portion of the flow into a parallel channel, and then measure the flow through that parallel channel. The flowmeter then performs a calculation to determine mass flow through the entire flowmeter. Most also contain an integrated valve that is used to control flow. A setpoint is determined, usually by the user, and the valve is adjusted so that flow reaches that setpoint.

Most mass flow controllers use thermal methods to determine flowrate in the parallel flow path, though some use a differential pressure principle. And some mass flow controllers are sold without the valve, meaning they are functioning as flowmeters rather than controllers. Mass flow controllers are widely used in the semiconductor industry, but many have industrial applications. It is important for a mass flow controller to know what gas is being measured, in order to insure an accurate measurement. Mass flow controllers can also be used for to measure liquid flow.

Other Types
Vortex and variable area flowmeters are also used to measure gas flow. Vortex flowmeters are one of the few types of meters, besides DP, that can accurately measure the flow of liquid, steam, and gas. However, vortex meters especially excel at measuring steam flow, since they can handle the high temperatures involved.

Variable areas meters can measure the flow of both liquid and gas, and they also are used for a limited amount of steam flow measurement. Variable area meters rely on a float that rises in proportion to flowrate. They are primarily a low-cost alternative where a visual indication of flow is sufficient. While most still must be read visually, some variable area meters have been manufactured with transmitters
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