Optimization of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties

  • ID: 1239641
  • Book
  • 440 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Nanocomposites are organic inorganic hybrid materials where the inorganic filler has at least one dimension in the nanometer scale. By varying the materials used in the process can open a whole wealth of properties which are adaptable and amendable for a wide range of applications. This one–stop resource for researchers and developers covers a plethora of polymer properties and their enhancement mechanisms.

With contributors from industry as well as academia, each chapter elucidates in detail the mechanisms to achieve a certain functionality of the polymer nanocomposite, such as improved biodegradability, increased chemical resistance and Tribological performance. Special emphasis is laid on the interdependence of the factors affecting the nanocomposite properties such that readers obtain the information necessary to tailor the polymer materials according to their respective application requirements.

Key Topics in this Monograph:

∗ Polymer Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Microstructure, and Properties

∗ Morphology Development

∗ Rheological Behavior

∗ Mechanical Property Enhancement

∗ Mechanisms

∗ Stress Transfer and Fracture Behavior

∗ Crystallization

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Preface

POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES: SYNTHESIS, MICROSTRUCTURE, AND PROPERTIES

Introduction

Means of Synthesis and Microstructure

Importance of Thermogravimetric Analysis and X–Ray Diffraction for Filler and Nanocomposite Microstructure Characterization

Polar and Nonpolar Polymer Systems

Advances in Filler Surface Modifications

Prediction of Composite Properties

MORPHOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN THERMOSET NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Epoxy Nanocomposite Systems

Effects of Processing and Aging

Other Thermoset Nanocomposite Systems

Recent Advances in Thermoset Nanocomposites

Summary

MORPHOLOGY AND INTERFACE DEVELOPMENT IN RUBBER–CLAY NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Melt Compounding

MORPHOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN POLYOLEFIN NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Intercalation, Exfoliation, and Dispersion of MMT

Crystallization and Crystalline Structure of Matrix Polymers

Morphology Development in Processing

Conclusions

RHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR OF POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Rheological Behavior of Polymer Nanocomposites in Solution State

Rheological Behavior of Polymer Nanocomposites in Melt State

Conclusions

MECHANICAL PROPERTY ENHANCEMENT OF POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Material Stiffness

Ultimate Mechanical Properties

Conclusions

STRESS TRANSFER AND FRACTURE MECHANISMS IN CARBON NANOTUBE–REINFORCED POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Experimental Studies

Mechanical Behavior of Polymer Nanocomposites and Stress Transfer

Fracture Mechanics of CNT–Polymer Nanocomposites

Concluding Remarks

BARRIER RESISTANCE GENERATION IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Theory of Permeation

Barrier Generation in Polar Nanocomposites

Barrier Generation in Nonpolar Nanocomposites

Modeling of Barrier Properties of Composites

MECHANISMS OF THERMAL STABILITY ENHANCEMENT IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

The Mechanisms of Thermal Stability Improvement by Different Nanofillers

Concluding Remarks

MECHANISMS OF TRIBOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Nanoparticle Reinforcements

Carbon Nanotubes

Synthetic Roles of Nanoparticles with Traditional Fillers

MECHANISMS OF BIODEGRADABILITY GENERATION IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

PBAT Nanocomposites

PBS Nanocomposites

Conclusions

SELF–HEALING IN Nanoparticle–Reinforced Polymers and other Polymer Systems

Introduction

Microstructured Self–Healing Polymer Structures

Nanoparticle–Reinforced Self–Healing Polymers Systems

Concluding Remarks

CRYSTALLIZATION IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Nanofillers

Isothermal and Nonisothermal Crystallization in Polymers

Conclusions

PREDICTION OF THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Analytical and Numerical Techniques

Prediction of Nanocomposite Properties

Conclusions

MORPHOLOGY GENERATION IN POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES USING VARIOUS LAYERED SILICATES

Introduction

Aspects of Layered Silicates

Conventional Layered Silicate Polymer Nanocomposites using Smectite and Expandable Synthetic Fluoro–Mica

Aspect Ratio Variation using Various Layered Silicates

Summary

THERMOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Thermomechanical Analysis

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis and the Principle of Time–Temperature Superposition

Nanoclays and Their Influence on the Thermomechanical Properties of Polymer Composites: Some Case Studies

Conclusions

EFFECT OF PROCESSING CONDITIONS ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES OF POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Melt–Intercalation of Polymer Nanocomposite Systems

Solution–Intercalation of Polymer Nanocomposites

Progress in Polymer Nanocomposites Processing

Processing of Thermoset Nanocomposites

Conclusions

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Vikas Mittal is a polymer engineer at BASF Polymer Research in Ludwigshafen, Germany. He obtained his PhD in 2006 in Polymer and Materials Engineering from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. Later, he worked as a Materials Scientist in the Active and Intelligent Coatings section of SunChemical in London, UK. His research interests include polymer nanocomposites, novel filler surface modifications, thermal stability enhancements, polymer latexes with functionalized surfaces etc. He has authored over 40 scientific publications, book chapters and patents on these subjects.
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