Functional Fillers for Plastics. 2nd Edition, Updated and Enlarged

  • ID: 1244774
  • Book
  • 531 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
1 of 4
A comprehensive and up–to–date overview of the major mineral and organic fillers for plastics, their production, structure and properties, as well as their applications in terms of primary and secondary functions. Edited and co–authored by Professor Marino Xanthos with contributions by international experts from industry and academia, the book presents methods of mixing/incorporation technologies, surface treatments and modifications for enhanced functionality, an analysis of parameters affecting filler performance and a presentation of current and emerging applications. For engineers, scientists and technologists involved in the industrially important sector of polymer composites.

Reviews of the previous edition:

"... the various authors all do a good job of thoroughly and clearly presenting their subjects in an easy–to–read fashion."

CORROSION, December 2006

"... this is a book that I can recommend: it offers an excellent balance of polymer chemistry and materials engineering. Having already made use of the information contained within, I can attest to its utility and recommend it highly."

Advanced Materials
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 4
Preface

PART ONE: Polymers and Fillers

POLYMERS AND POLYMER COMPOSITES

Thermoplastics and Thermosets

Processing of Thermoplastics and Thermosets

Polymer Composites

MODIFICATION OF POLYMER PROPERTIES WITH FUNCTIONAL FILLERS

Introduction

The Importance of the Interface

Modification of Mechanical Properties

Effects of Fillers on Processing Characteristics of Polymers

MIXING OF FILLERS WITH PLASTICS

Introduction

Pretreatment of Fillers

Feeding

Melting

Solids Introduction and Mixing

Venting

Pressure Generation

Process Examples

Further Information

PART TWO: Surface Modifiers and Coupling Agents

SILANE COUPLING AGENTS

Introduction

Production and Structures of Monomeric Silanes

Silane Chemistry

Types of Silanes

Silane Hydrolysis

Reactivity of Silanes Toward the Filler

Combining Silanes and Mineral Fillers

Insights into the Silylated Filler Surfaces

Selection of Silanes

Applications of Specific Silanes

Trends and Developments

TITANATE COUPLING AGENTS

Introduction

The Six Functions of the Titanate Molecule

Summary and Conclusions

FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS AND OTHER MODIFIERS

Introduction

General Types of Modifiers and Their Principal Effects

Modifiers by Chemical Type

PART THREE: Fillers and Their Functions

A –

High Aspect Ratio Fillers

GLASS FIBERS

Background

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

Environmental Impact

MIKA FLAKES

Background

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

NANOCLAYS AND THEIR EMERGING MARKETS

Introduction

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

CARBON NANOTUBES/NANOFIBERS AND CARBON FIBERS

Introduction

Materials

Polymer Matrix Composites

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

B ? Low Aspect Ratio Fillers

NATURAL FIBERS

Introduction

Structure and Production Methods

Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications (Primary and Secondary Functions)

TALC

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

KAOLIN

Introduction

Production Methods

Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

WOLLASTONITE

Introduction

Production

Structure and Properties

Suppliers/Cost

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications Involving the Plastics Compounding Industry

Summary

Future Considerations for Use of Wollastonite in Plastics

WOOD FLOUR

Introduction

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications (Primary and Secondary Functions)

CALCIUM CARBONATE

Background

Production Methods

Structure and Properties

Suppliers

Cost/Availability

Environmental, Toxicity, and Sustainability Considerations

Applications

C ? Specialty Fillers

FIRE RETARDANTS

Introduction

Combustion of Polymers and the Combustion Cycle

Fuel

Smoke

Flammability of Polymers

Mechanisms of Fire–Retardant Action

Classification of Flame Retardants

Tools and Testing

Toxicity

Manufacturers of Fire Retardants

Concluding Remarks

CONDUCTIVE AND MAGNETIC FILLERS

Introduction

Carbon Black

Phenomena of Conductivity in Carbon Black–Filled Polymers

Distribution and Dispersion of Carbon Black in Polymers

Other Carbon–Based Conductive Fillers

Intrinsically Conductive Polymers (ICPs)

Metal Particle Composites

Magnetic Fillers

Concluding Remarks

Appendix: Measurement of Resistivity

SURFACE PROPERTY MODIFIERS

Introduction

Solid Lubricants/Tribological Additives

Antiblocking Fillers

PROCESSING AIDS

Introduction

Production

Structure/Properties

Suppliers/Manufacturers

Environmental/Toxicity Considerations

Applications

SPHERICAL FILLERS

Organic Spherical Fillers

Glass and Ceramic Spheres

BIOACTIVE FILLERS

Introduction

Bone as a Biocomposite

Synthetic Biomedical Composites and Their Bioactivity

Bioceramics as Functional Fillers

Modification of Bioceramic Fillers

Fillers Formed In Situ

Recent Developments ? Nanostructured Bioactive Fillers

Concluding Remarks

POLYHEDRAL OLILGOMERIC SILSEQUIOXANES

Introduction

Production

Structure and Properties

Suppliers/Cost

Environmental/Safety Considerations

Functions

IN SITU–GENERATED FILLERS: BICONTINUOUS PHASE NANOCOMPOSITES

Introduction

Methodology for the Production of Bicontinuous Nanocomposites

General Properties of Bicontinuous Phase Nanocomposites

Potential Applications of Bicontinuous Nanocomposites

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 4

Loading
LOADING...

4 of 4
"...this is a book that I can recommend: it offers an excellent balance of polymer chemistry and materials engineering. Having already made use of the information contained within, I can attest to its utility and recommend it highly."

Advanced Materials

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 4
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Adroll
adroll