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Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

  • ID: 1267948
  • Book
  • 290 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The storage, handling, processing and distribution of an ever growing amount of chemical substances is inherent to today?s economy but intrinsically holds the risk of large scale accidents. Safety in chemical industrial areas is not limited to preventing accidental accidents. Since the September 11, 2001 World Trade Centre attacks in New York, society and industry are exploring pro–active security measures to counter terrorist attacks of any kind as well. The chemical industry is well aware of these safety and security risks and its day–by–day efforts prove this particular industrial sector worldwide to be very safety and security driven. Safety and security prevention measures to further reduce the likelihood of accidents and to protect against internal and external terrorism attacks on hardware (e.g. a chemical installation) and software (e.g. networked systems) can still be tackled more efficiently at the multi–plant level. An organization composed of safety and security experts from several chemical companies belonging to a multi–plant area – itself situated within a larger chemical cluster – could support striving for improved cross–company safety and security, and could thereby enhance public perception on these topics.

Empirical research revealed that safety and security managers acknowledge the importance of cross–company cooperation for knockonrisk reduction. This book develops the guidelines, recommendations, procedures and frameworks for facilitating a multi–plant structure aimed at supporting cross–company safety and security collaboration and management. The aim of this book surpasses the intended support of multi–plant safety and security awareness and offers easy–to–use information for actually setting up a safety and security culture on an aggregated multi–plant level.

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Preface

INTRODUCTION

CHEMICAL RISKS IN A MULTI–PLANT CONTEXT

Introduction

Safety Risks Versus Security Risks

The Safety–Risk Spectrum

The Security–Risk Spectrum

Multi–Plant Chemical Risks

Multi–Plant Chemical–Risk Management

Hypothetical Benefits Associated with Multi–Plant Chemical Risks

Safety–Risk Assessment and Safety–Risk Management

Summary and Conclusions

A MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY CULTURE: THE REQUIREMENTS

Introduction

Encouraging Companies to Install a Multi–Plant–Safety and –Security Culture

The Present state–of–The–Art Deal with Safety and Security Risks

Coping with the Future: Developing a Multi–Plant–Safety and –Security Culture

Summary and Conclusions

A MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY CULTURE –

THE PROCEDURES: ESTABLISHING A MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Introduction

Managing Safety, Quality, Environment, and Security

Plant–, Joint– and Multi–Plant–Safety and –Security–Management Stakeholders

Practical Recommendations for Achieving Plant or Multi–Plant–Safety Loop of Continuous Improvement

Practical Recommendations for Achieving Plant or Multi–Plant–Security Loop of Continuous Improvement

System Implementation

Summary and Conclusions

A MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY CULTURE –

THE PEOPLE: FACILITATING MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY COLLABORATION

Introduction

A Multi–Plant–Safety–Management Framework

A Multi–Plant–Security–Management Framework

Summary and Conclusions

A MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY CULTURE –

THE TECHNOLOGY: DEVELOPING THE TOOLS TO ADVANCE MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY

Introduction

A Multi–Plant Domino–Risk Methodology and –Decision Support Tool

Summary and Conclusions

ASSESSING, EVALUATING AND CONTINUOUSLY OPTIMIZING OPERATIONAL STAFFING LEVELS WITHIN A MULTI–PLANT AREA

Introduction

Staffing–Level (SL)–Assessment Management Model

Instrument for Existing Staffing–Level Assessment (IESLA)

The MCSL Method

Roadmap of Staffing–Level Assessment

The Way Towards Continuous Staffing–Level Improvement in Industrial Areas

Summary and Conclusions

MULTI–PLANT SITE–INTEGRATED SAFETY AND SECURITY GOVERNANCE

Introduction

From Individual Plant Safety and Security Know–How to Multi–Plant Safety and Security Knowledge

Towards a Design Code of Good Practice for Integrating Multi–Plant–Safety and –Security Building Blocks

Planning for Safety and Security Sustainability

Summary and Conclusions

GAME–THEORY: A MATHEMATICAL TECHNIQUE TO CONVINCE COMPANY TOP MANAGEMENT TO INVEST IN MULTI–PLANT SAFETY AND SECURITY

Introduction

Qualitative Discussion on Multi–Plant–Safety and –Security Investments

Two–Plant External Domino–Effects Investment Model

Two–Plant Martyrdom Games

Multi–Plant Games

Summary and Conclusions

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Introduction

Summary

Main Conclusions and Recommendations

APPENDIX

Instrument for Evaluating Security Staffing Levels

The IESLA Instrument

Instrument for Evaluating Safety Critical Staffing Levels
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Genserik L. L. Reniers
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