Software Metrics and Software Metrology

  • ID: 1270282
  • Book
  • 348 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A rigorous, step–by–step approach to Evaluating and designing software measures

Hundreds of software measures have been proposed to the industry over the past forty years, but limitations in their design mean that most of them are of insufficient use to practitioners. So how can practitioners recognize which measures are sound and useful for decision–making? Moreover, for those who have to design new software measures, what must they do to build sound ones?

Software Metrics and Software Metrology looks at the fundamentals of the design of a measurement method, which forms the foundation of the measures available in the sciences and in engineering. Alain Abran provides a step–by–step approach to both analyzing the design of current software measures and designing new, robust software measures for a specific business or engineering need. He draws upon years of experience to ensure that software engineers and managers will apply the best practices in software measurement and therefore be equipped to respond to the most demanding customers and feel supported by senior executives.

  • Presents the key concepts that dictate whether a software measure′s design is sufficiently strong

  • Features several case studies analyzing strengths and weaknesses in the design of some of the software measures most widely used or quoted

  • Describes how lessons learned led to the design of the COSMIC ISO 19761 method for the measurement of the functional size of software, from its initial prototype to its adoption by the ISO as an international standard

  • Illustrates day–to–day software measurement issues that have not been seriously addressed, from convertibility across measurement designs to measurement standard etalons

  • Includes chapter exercises for classroom use

Software Metrics and Software Metrology is meant for software quality specialists and process improvement analysts and managers, in software organizations of all sizes. In addition, this book introduces many of the theoretical concepts and references needed by professionals, managers, and students to help them understand the fundamentals of the identification and evaluation of software development and maintenance processes, as well as improvements to them.

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Foreword vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xvii

About the Author xix

PART 1: Key Concepts for the Design of Software Measures 1

1 INTRODUCTION 3

2 FROM MEASUREMENT METHODS TO QUANTITATIVE MODELS: A MEASUREMENT CONTEXT MODEL 17

3 METROLOGY AND QUALITY CRITERIA IN SOFTWARE MEASUREMENT 47

4 QUANTIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT ARE NOT THE SAME! 67

5 THE DESIGN OF SOFTWARE MEASUREMENT METHODS 99

PART 2: Some Popular Software Measures: How Good Are They? 129

6 CYCLOMATIC COMPLEXITY NUMBER: ANALYSIS OF ITS DESIGN 131

7 HALSTEAD′S METRICS: ANALYSIS OF THEIR DESIGNS 145

8 FUNCTION POINTS: ANALYSIS OF THEIR DESIGN 161

9 USE CASE POINTS: ANALYSIS OF THEIR DESIGN 191

10 ISO 9126: ANALYSIS OF QUALITY MODELS AND MEASURES 205

PART 3: The Design of COSMIC ISO 19761 229

11 COSMIC: DESIGN OF AN INITIAL PROTOTYPE 231

12 COSMIC: SCALING UP AND INDUSTRIALIZATION 247

PART 4: Other Issues in the Design of Software Measures 267

13 CONVERTIBILITY ACROSS MEASUREMENT METHODS 269

14 DESIGN OF STANDARD ETALONS: THE NEXT FRONTIER IN SOFTWARE MEASUREMENT 281

Appendix A: List of Acronyms 297

Appendix B: Glossary of Terms in Software Measurement 299

Appendix C: References 305

Index 313

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ALAIN ABRAN,
PhD, is a Professor and the Director of the Software Engineering Research Laboratory at École de technologie supérieure, Université du Québec (Canada). Dr. Abran is a coeditor of theGuide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge. He has also been actively involved in software engineering standardization as the international secretary for ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7 – Software and System Engineering. Dr. Abran has close to twenty years of industry experience in information systems development and software engineering.
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