Addictive Disorders in Medical Populations

  • ID: 1444351
  • Book
  • 646 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Addictive Disorders in Medical Populations has a much wider focus than traditional books written about drug and alcohol addictions.  This unique book is written by medical specialist who diagnose, treat and research addictive disorders in their specialities. Thus, it meets the needs of the typical medical practitioner who wants to learn about and treat patients with addictive disorders in their practices.  Because alcohol and drug problems are so prevalent and affect medical conditions profoundly, the medical specialist will improve their knowledge and skill to diagnose and treat addictive disorders in their specialties.

Drug and alcohol addictions occur commonly in medical populations; 25–50% of patients seen by primary care physicians have alcohol and drug disorders, with even higher prevalence in certain medical specialty populations. Drug use (including illicit drug use and actual or perceived misuse of prescribed medications), alcohol use, and what has been called unhealthy drinking are even more common in trauma centers and our society. Currently, there are no authoritative addiction texts that focus on the identification, intervention and management of either "addictive disorders in medical populations" or "medical complications in addiction populations".

All physicians and health care professionals will encounter patients who suffer from addictive disorders as well as their primary reason for seeking treatment. This highly original book features chapters written by authors from many different specialties describing how they manage such patients, imparting an invaluable mix of clinical experience and scientific evidence. After consulting the book, a practitioner and researcher are bound to improve their clinical care and research on patients with addictive disorders.

Neurobiological progress in the field of addiction has been amazing and evidence–based treatments have developed at a phenomenal pace, with bench to office applications for tobacco, alcohol and drugs. Pharmacological and psychosocial treatments are described here in detail and in practical terms. The medical and mental complications of addiction are explained comprehensively throughout the text. Clinical considerations are the predominant theme, with the standards of clinical practice grounded in the most current research. The chapters include practical presentations of both clinical and research materials, with instruments for screening and assessment and treatment.

Addictive Disorders in Medical Populations will be useful for all those seeking information to help a patient or family with a tobacco, alcohol or drug problem. We hope this book can give answers and direction to the identification and management of addictions and their medical complications in patient populations.

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List of Contributors ix

Preface xiii

Acknowledgements xv

Part One Addictive Disorders and Medicine 1

1 Addictive Disorders as an Integral Part of the Practice of Medicine 3Norman S. Miller and Mark S. Gold

2 Crime, Substance Use, and Mental Illness 15Joel M. Silberberg, Milap A. Nowrangi, and Geetha Nampiaparampil

3 Ethical Issues in Addiction Medicine 31Roberta Springer Loewy

4 Natural History of Addictive Diseases 53Steven A. Branstetter and Sabina Low

5 Prevention Methods: School, Family, Community, Media and Public Policy Approaches 73Karol L. Kumpfer and Paula Smith

Part Two Assessment and Diagnosis 97

6 Screening and Diagnosis of Substance Use Disorders 99Norman G. Hoffman

7 Clinical Pharmacology of Addicting Drugs 107Jiang Liu and Hartmut Derendorf

8 Laboratory Diagnosis of Addicting Drugs 125K.P. Gunaga and Satheesh Gunaga

9 Cutaneous Manifestations of Drug Addiction 143Kendra Gail Bergstrom and Miguel R. Sanchez

Part Three Addictive Disorders and Clinical Diseases 155

10 Addictive Disorders in Primary Care Medicine 157Robert Mallin

11 Addictive Disorders in the Intensive Care Unit 167Tracy R. Luckhardt and Robert C. Hyzy

12 Addictive Disorders in Trauma Center Patients 181Mary C. McCarthy and Kathryn M. Tchorz

13 Addictive Disorders in Psychiatric Medicine 197Christine Yuodelis–Flores, W. Murray Bennett, Charles Meredith, and Richard Ries

14 Addiction and Short–Term Pain Management 219Steven D. Passik, Lauren J. Rogak, Tatiana D. Starr, and Kenneth L. Kirsh

15 Prescription Opiate Medications: Clinical Assessment and Treatment of Tolerance and Dependence 227Norman S. Miller, Lucy Chen, and Jianren Mao

16 Substance Addiction and HIV Infection: Scope of the Problem and Management 239Gabriel Sarah, Clifford Martin, Myles Stone, Carol Schneiderman, and Stephen A. Klotz

17 Addictive Disorders in Cardiovascular Medicine 251Alan H. Gradman and Nosheen Javed

18 Alcohol Use and Diseases of the Eye 277Yoshimune Hiratsuka

19 Addictive Disorders in Nutritional Diseases – From an Addictions Viewpoint 287James A. Cocores, Noni A. Graham, and Mark S. Gold

20 Addictive Disorders in Nutritional Diseases – From a Nutritional Viewpoint 303Jennifer A. Nasser, Jessica B. Leitzsch, and Kiran Patel

21 Gastrointestinal Diseases Associated with Substance Addiction 313Paul S. Haber and Abdullah Demirkol

22 Addictive Disorders in Malignant Diseases 339Thomas J. Guzzo and Mark L. Gonzalgo

23 Substance Addiction and Gastrointestinal Malignancy 347Jason T. Hedrick and James R. Ouellette

24 Renal Manifestations of Recreational Drug Use 361Garland A. Campbell, W. Kline Bolton, and Mitchell H. Rosner

25 Addictive Disorder in Urological Diseases 377Herman S. Bagga and Adam W. Levinson

Part Four Management of Addictive Disorders in Selected Populations 387

26 Management of Addictive Disorders in Medical Nursing Care Populations 389Kathleen L. Becker and Benita J. Walton–Moss

27 Management of Addictive Disorders in Surgical Nursing Care Practice 411Phyllis J. Mason

28 Addictive Disorders in Psychology Practice 421Lisa J. Merlo

29 Addictive Disorders in Diseases of Women 439Deborah V. Gross, C. Chapman Sledge, and Ellen A. Ovson

30 Children and Adolescents with ADHD: Risk and Protective Factors for Addictive Disorders 455Larry Gray, Jennifer J. Park, and Michael E. Msall

31 Addictive Disorders in the Elderly 467Andrea Bial

Part Five Treatment of Addictive Disorders 481

32 Pharmacological Therapeutics for Detoxification in Addictive Disorders 483Firas H. Kobeissy, Carolina F. Braga, Noni A. Graham, and Mark S. Gold

33 Pharmacological Therapeutics for Relapse Reduction in Addictive Disorders 503Lisa J. Merlo, Kimberly G. Blumenthal, Kendall Campbell, Morrow Omli, and Mark S. Gold

34 Psychosocial Treatments for Addictive Disorders: Models, Settings, and Important Roles for Referring Physicians 525John McKellar, John Finney, and Rudolf Moos

35 Treatment Models for Comorbid Psychiatric and Addictive Disorders 541Jon D. Kassel, Adrienne J. Heinz, Daniel P. Evatt, and Ashley R. Braun

36 Brief Interventions for Alcohol and Drug Problems 557Kristen L. Barry, Laurie Brockmann, and Frederic C. Blow

37 Treatment Outcomes for Addictive Disorders 575Erin L. Winstanley, Shannon K. Bolon, and Marc Fishman

38 Biopsychosocial Recovery from Addictive Disorders 603Sara Jo Nixon and Robert A. Prather

Index 619

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Norman S. Miller
Mark S. Gold
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