In this book we examine the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. We consider especially the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time–series analysis, space–for–time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal–scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery.
The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. The book is aimed at the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.
1 Introduction (Brian Moss, Richard W. Battarbee and Martin Kernan).
2 Aquatic Ecosystem Variability and Climate Change A Palaeoecological Perspective (Richard W. Battarbee).
3 Direct Impacts of Climate Change on Freshwater Ecosystems (Ulrike Nickus, Kevin Bishop, Martin Erlandsson, Chris D. Evans, Martin Forsius, Hjalmar Laudon, David M. Livingstone, Don Monteith and Hansjörg Thies).
4 Climate Change and the Hydrology and Morphology of Freshwater Ecosystems (Piet F.M. Verdonschot, Daniel Hering, John Murphy, Sonja C. Jähnig, Neil L. Rose, Wolfram Graf, Karel Brabec and Leonard Sandin).
5 Monitoring the Responses of Freshwater Ecosystems to Climate Change (Daniel Hering, Alexandra Haidekker, Astrid Schmidt–Kloiber, Tom Barker, Laetitia Buisson, Wolfram Graf, Gäel Grenouillet, Armin Lorenz, Leonard Sandin and Sonja Stendera).
6 Interaction of Climate Change and Eutrophication (Erik Jeppesen, Brian Moss, Helen Bennion, Laurence Carvalho, Luc DeMeester, Heidrun Feuchtmayr, Nikolai Friberg, Mark O. Gessner, Mariet Hefting, Torben L. Lauridsen, Lone Liboriussen, Hilmar J. Malmquist, Linda May, Mariana Meerhoff, Jon S. Olafsson, Merel B. Soons and Jos T.A. Verhoeven).
7 Interaction of Climate Change and Acid Deposition (Richard F. Wright, Julian Aherne, Kevin Bishop, Peter J. Dillon, Martin Erlandsson, Chris D. Evans, Martin Forsius, David W. Hardekopf, Rachel C. Helliwell, Jakub Hru ka, Mike Hutchins, Øyvind Kaste, Jirí Kopácek, Pavel Krám, Hjalmar Laudon, Filip Moldan, Michela Rogora, Anne Merete S. Sjøeng and Heleen A. de Wit).
8 Distribution of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Mercury in Freshwater Ecosystems Under Changing Climate Conditions (Joan O. Grimalt, Jordi Catalan, Pilar Fernandez, Benjami Piña and John Munthe).
9 Climate Change: Defining Reference Conditions and Restoring Freshwater Ecosystems (Richard K. Johnson, Richard W. Battarbee, Helen Bennion, Daniel Hering, Merel B. Soons and Jos T.A. Verhoeven).
10 Modelling Catchment–Scale Responses to Climate Change (Richard A. Skeffington, Andrew J. Wade, Paul G. Whitehead, Dan Butterfield, Øyvind Kaste, Hans Estrup Andersen, Katri Rankinen and Gaël Grenouillet).
11 Tools for Better Decision Making: Bridges from Science to Policy (Conor Linstead, Edward Maltby, Helle Ørsted Nielsen, Thomas Horlitz, Phoebe Koundouri, Ekin Birol, Kyriaki Remoundou, Ron Janssen and Philip J. Jones).
12 What of the Future? (Brian Moss).