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Second Generation Biofuels

  • ID: 1589883
  • Report
  • October 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 200 Pages
  • Taiyou Research


  • Abengoa Bioenergy
  • BBI BioVentures LLC
  • Chemrec
  • Ecofin LLC
  • ICM Incorporated
  • Nedalco
  • MORE
In the last couple of years, biofuels have become a popular source of renewable energy around the world. Biofuels have also emerged as the most cost effective renewable energy resource. The availability of biofuels is not an issue and many countries have put in place various regulations and tax incentives supporting the development of the biofuels industry.

While earlier the industry witnessed a wide range of first generation biofuels such as biodiesel, vegetable oil, green diesel, and syngas, with the advancement of technology, the world has moved on towards the usage of biofuels that are made with a better product than the earlier biofuels. Now we have a whole range of second generation biofuels, third generation biofuels, and even fourth generation biofuels.

This report from Taiyou Research focuses on the Second Generation Biofuels. Second Generation Biofuels focus more on using non-food crops such as waste biomass, stalks of corn, wheat, wood, and other. Many second generation biofuels also utilize biomass to liquid technology. Cellulosic biofuels is a major second generation biofuel.

Taiyou Research’s report on Second Generation Biofuels begins with a brief overview of the global biofuels industry, including industry statistics and an analysis of the future demand for biofuels and biomass.

After laying the groundwork for the report, the sections move on an analysis of the impact of biofuels on the following:

- Environment
- Economy
- Engines
- Rural Development

The report then analyzes the various forms of biofuels that are available today – liquid, solid, and gas biofuels. Moving on to the analysis of next generation biofuels, the report takes a look at the advantages of advanced biofuels and the challenges facing the further development of such types of biofuels. The section on next generation biofuels also analyzes the technological developments that have taken place till date.

Second Generation Biofuels are analyzed with a focus on the various feedstocks that are being used for deriving second generation biofuels, the various technologies involved in the production process, and of course, the types of second generation biofuels.

Second generation biofuels focused in this report includes:

- BioDME
- Bioethanol & Biobutanol
- Biohydrogen
- Biomethanol
- Fischer-Tropsch Fuels
- Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU)
- Mixed Alcohols
- Wood Diesel

Factors such as regulatory support and blending mandates are discussed under the growth drivers for second generation biofuels.

A focus on lignocellulosic ethanol and synthetic biofuels are the value-adds of this report.

The impact of second generation biofuels on the environment, greenhouse gas emissions and the carbon cycle are analyzed in this report along with a look at the impact on soil and water as well.

Investment in second generation biofuels and an analysis of the pilot projects for second generation biofuels bring to an end the first section of this research profile.

Moving on to section two, the report analyzes the production of second generation biofuels in the following countries:

- Brazil
- China
- India
- Mexico
- South Africa
- Thailand

An analysis of over thirty companies active in the second generation biofuels market are analyzed comprehensively in this research report from Taiyou Research
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • Abengoa Bioenergy
  • BBI BioVentures LLC
  • Chemrec
  • Ecofin LLC
  • ICM Incorporated
  • Nedalco
  • MORE
1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction to Biofuels
2.1 What are Biofuels?
2.2 Uses of Biofuels
2.3 Ethanol & Biodiesel Markets
2.4 Pros & Cons of Biofuels
2.5 Direct Biofuels
2.6 Market Overview - Global Biofuels Industry
2.7 Biofuel Usage in Developed Economies and Developing Countries
2.8 Future Demand for Biofuels & Biomass

3. Impact of Biofuels
3.1 Environmental & Economic Impact
3.2 Impact on Engines
3.3 Impact on Rural Development
3.3.1 Policy Impact
3.3.2 Environmental Impact
3.3.3 Impact of Biofuel Programs
3.3.4 Creation of Employment

4. Energy Diversification - Is it Justified?

5. Liquid Biofuels
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Bioalcohols
5.3 Biodiesel
5.4 Bioethers
5.5 Green Diesel
5.6 Vegetable Oil

6. Solid Biofuels
6.1 Features of Solid Biofuels
6.2 Types of Solid Biofuels
6.2.1 Biomass Pellets
6.2.2 Char
6.2.3 Wood Fuel

7. Gas Biofuels
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Biogas
7.3 Biopropane
7.4 Synthetic Natural Gas
7.5 Syngas

8. Next Generation Biofuels
8.1 Introduction to Next Generation Biofuels
8.2 What are Next Generation Biofuels?
8.3 Next Generation Technology Development
8.4 Advantages of Next Generation Biofuels
8.5 Challenges facing the Development of Next Generation Biofuels

9. Second Generation Biofuels
9.1 What are Second Generation Biofuels?
9.2 Technologies Used for Second Generation Biofuels
9.3 Conversion Routes for Second Generation Biofuels

10. Feedstocks for Second Generation Biofuel
10.1 Bioethanol
10.2 Black Liquor
10.3 Energy Crops
10.4 Gas Biomatter (Methane)
10.5 Green Waste

11. Technologies Involved in Production of Second Generation Biofuels
11.1 Biochemistry
11.2 Co-Current Fixed Bed
11.3 Counter-Current Fixed Bed
11.4 Entrained Flow Gasifier
11.5 Fluidized Bed Reactor
11.6 Gasification
11.7 Pyrolysis
11.8 Torrefaction

12. Types of Second Generation Biofuels
12.1 BioDME
12.2 Bioethanol & Biobutanol
12.3 Biohydrogen
12.4 Biomethanol
12.5 DMF
12.6 Fischer-Tropsch Fuels
12.7 Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU)
12.8 Mixed Alcohols
12.9 Wood Diesel

13 Growth Drivers for Second Generation Biofuels
13.1 Overview
13.2 Regulatory Support
13.3 Blending Mandates
13.4 Trade Opportunities for Developing Countries
13.5 Government Funding
13.6 Foreign Investment
13.7 Trade in Feedstock
13.8 Scientific Cooperation and Research & Development

14. Analysis of Lignocellulosic Ethanol
14.1 Overview
14.2 Importance of Size Reduction
14.3 Purpose of Pre-Treatment
14.4 Purpose of Hydrolysis
14.5 Fermentation
14.6 Distillation
14.7 Process Integration

15. Analysis of Synthetic Biofuels
15.1 Overview
15.2 Importance of Size Reduction
15.3 Gasification
15.4 Components of Product Gas
15.5 Necessity of Gas Cleaning
15.6 Gas Upgrading
15.7 Pathways for Fuel Synthesis
15.7.1 Fischer-Tropsch (FT) Synthesis
15.7.2 Bio-SNG Production
15.7.3 Production of Ethanol and Higher Alcohols via Gasification

16. Sustaining Second Generation Biofuels in Developing Countries
16.1 Overview
16.2 Economic Impact of Second Generation Biofuels
16.2.1 Second Generation Biofuel Plants are Capital Intensive
16.2.2 Supply Costs of Biomass
16.2.3 Production Costs for Biofuels
16.3 Impact on the National Budget
16.3.1 Foreign Currency Savings
16.3.2 Requirement for Subsidies
16.4 Creating a Legal Political Framework
16.5 Securing Biomass Supplies
16.6 Access to Energy Services
16.7 Issue of Food Security

17. Second Generation Biofuels, GHG Emissions & Impact on the Environment
17.1 Overview
17.2 Impact of Second Generation Biofuels on Ecosystems, Carbon Cycle and Global Climate
17.3 GHG Balances
17.4 Impact on Soil
17.5 Impact on Water
17.6 Impact on Biodiversity

18. Second Generation Biofuels and Genetic Engineering

19. Synthetic Biology for Second Generation Biofuels

20. Commercial Investment in Second Generation Biofuels
20.1 Overview
20.2 Investment Costs
20.3 Operating Costs
20.4 Cost Assessments and Targets

21. Transitioning from First Generation to Second Generation Biofuels

22. Case Study: Pilot Projects for Second Generation Biofuels
22.1 Biochemical Ethanol & Biorefinery Demonstration Projects
22.2 Thermochemical BTL Demonstration Projects

Analysis of Second Generation Biofuels by Country

1. Brazil
1.1 Overview
1.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
1.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
1.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
1.5 Second Generation Biofuels in Brazil
1.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in Brazil
1.7 Economic Impact
1.8 Ecological Impact
1.9 Second Generation Biofuels in Brazil: SWOT Analysis
1.10 Conclusion

2. China
2.1 Overview
2.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
2.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
2.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
2.5 Second Generation Biofuels in China
2.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in China
2.7 Economic Impact
2.8 Ecological Impact
2.9 Second Generation Biofuels in China: SWOT Analysis
2.10 Conclusion

3. India
3.1 Overview
3.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
3.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
3.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
3.5 Second Generation Biofuels in India
3.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in India
3.7 Economic Impact
3.8 Ecological Impact
3.9 Second Generation Biofuels in India: SWOT Analysis
3.10 Conclusion

4. Mexico
4.1 Overview
4.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
4.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
4.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
4.5 Second Generation Biofuels in Mexico
4.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in Mexico
4.7 Economic Impact
4.8 Ecological Impact
4.9 Second Generation Biofuels in Mexico: SWOT Analysis
4.10 Conclusion

5. South Africa
5.1 Overview
5.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
5.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
5.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
5.5 Second Generation Biofuels in South Africa
5.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in South Africa
5.7 Economic Impact
5.8 Ecological Impact
5.9 Second Generation Biofuels in South Africa: SWOT Analysis
5.10 Conclusion

6. Thailand
6.1 Overview
6.2 First Generation Biofuels Production
6.3 National Policy Target for Biofuels
6.4 Types of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
6.5 Second Generation Biofuels in Thailand
6.6 Production Costs for Second Generation Biofuels in Thailand
6.7 Economic Impact
6.8 Ecological Impact
6.9 Second Generation Biofuels in Thailand: SWOT Analysis
6.10 Conclusion

Analysis of Major Players in the Industry

1. Abengoa Bioenergy
2. Air Liquide
3. Amyris Biotechnologies
4. Aurora BioFuels
5. BBI BioVentures LLC
6. BioGasol
7. BlueFire Ethanol
8. Blue Marble Energy
9. Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
10. Chemrec
11. Choren
12. Coskata
13. DuPont Danisco
14. Ecofin LLC
15. Enerkem
16. Flambeau River Biofuels LLC
17. Frontier Renewable Resources
18. Gevo
19. GreenFuel Technologies
20. Gushan Environmental Energy
21. ICM Incorporated
22. Iogen Corporation
23. Lignol Innovations, Inc
24. Mascoma
25. Nedalco
26. Pacific Ethanol
27. Pacific Ethanol
28. POET
29. Range Fuels
30. Sapphire Energy
31. Solazyme
32. Verenium


1. Appendix

2. Glossary
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


Abengoa Bioenergy
Air Liquide
Amyris Biotechnologies
Aurora BioFuels
BBI BioVentures LLC
BlueFire Ethanol
Blue Marble Energy
Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
DuPont Danisco
Ecofin LLC
Flambeau River Biofuels LLC
Frontier Renewable Resources
GreenFuel Technologies
Gushan Environmental Energy
ICM Incorporated
Iogen Corporation
Lignol Innovations, Inc
Pacific Ethanol
Range Fuels
Sapphire Energy
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown