Alternative Formulations and Packaging to Reduce Use of Chlorofluorocarbons

  • ID: 1756845
  • Book
  • 373 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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This book describes alternative formulations and packaging techniques for the reduction or elimination of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) use as an aerosol propellant. Use of CFCs in specific categories of aerosols considered "nonessential" was banned by the U.S. in 1978. Recent renewed interest in further reducing worldwide production and consumption of CFCs, and other chemicals implicated in the depletion of the earth's stratospheric ozone layer, is responsible for this study, which covers currently exempted and excluded CFC aerosol applications and their alternatives.
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Part I. Background and Overview
Introduction
CFC Aerosol Applications Exempted in the U.S.
Current U.S. Consumption of CFCs
Suggested Alternative Formulations for Exempted and Excluded CFC Aerosols
Procedures for and Costs of Substituting Alternative Formulations for CFC Aerosols
Conclusions
Part II. Alternative Formulations and Aerosol Dispensing Systems
Section 1. Alternative Aerosol Formulations
Introduction
Formulation Guidelines
Example Non-CFC Alternative Formulations
Section 2. Alternative Aerosol Dispensing Systems
Introduction
Description of Aerosol Packaging Alternatives
Summary
Appendix A: Metric (SI) Conversion Factors
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Nelson, T.P.
Wevill, S.L.
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