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Aqueous Systems at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures. Physical Chemistry in Water, Steam and Hydrothermal Solutions

  • ID: 1757152
  • Book
  • July 2004
  • 766 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has produced this book in order to provide an accessible, up-to-date overview of important aspects of the physical chemistry of aqueous systems at high temperatures and pressures. These systems are central to many areas of scientific study and industrial application, including electric power generation, industrial steam systems, hydrothermal processing of materials, geochemistry, and environmental applications. The authors' goal is to present the material at a level that serves both the graduate student seeking to learn the state of the art, and also the industrial engineer or chemist seeking to develop additional expertise or to find the data needed to solve a specific problem.

The wide range of people for whom this topic is important provides a challenge. Advanced work in this area is distributed among physical chemists, chemical engineers, geochemists, and other specialists, who may not be aware of parallel work by those outside their own specialty. The particular aspects of high-temperature aqueous physical chemistry of interest to one industry may be irrelevant to another; yet another industry might need the same basic information but in a very different form.

To serve all these constituencies, the book includes several chapters that cover the foundational thermophysical properties (such as gas solubility, phase behavior, thermodynamic properties of solutes, and transport properties) that are of interest across numerous applications. The presentation of these topics is intended to be accessible to readers from a variety of backgrounds. Other chapters address fundamental areas of more specialized interest, such as critical phenomena and molecular-level solution structure. Several chapters are more application-oriented, addressing areas such as power-cycle chemistry and hydrothermal synthesis. As befits the variety of interests addressed, some chapters provide more theoretical guidance while others, such as those on acid/base equilibria and the solubilities of metal oxides and hydroxides, emphasize experimental techniques and data analysis.

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Chapter 1. Physical properties of water.
Chapter 2. Near-critical behavior of aqueous systems.
Chapter 3. Aqueous solubility of volatile nonelectrolytes.
Chapter 4. Calculation of standard thermodynamic properties of aqueous electrolytes and nonelectrolytes.
Chapter 5. Hydrothermal solution structure: experiments and computer.
Chapter 6. Vapor-liquid equilibrium involving aqueous, binary nonelectrolytes.
Chapter 7. Binary homogeneous nucleation in selected aqueous vapor mixtures.
Chapter 8. Solute concentration effects on reaction thermodynamics in steam cycle fluids.
Chapter 9. Stable isotope partitioning in aqueous and hydrothermal systems to elevated temperatures.
Chapter 10. Transport properties in high temperature and pressure ionic solutions.
Chapter 11. Electrochemical processes in high-temperature aqueous solutions.
Chapter 12. Partitioning of electrolytes to steam and their solubilities in steam.
Chapter 13. Dissociation equilibria of weak acids and bases.
Chapter 14. Solubility and surface adsorption characteristics of metal oxides.
Chapter 15. Phase equilibria of water-salt systems at high temperatures and pressures.
Chapter 16. Kinetics and mechanisms of hydrothermal organic reactions.
Chapter 17. Water chemistry in commercial water-steam cycles.
Chapter 18. Hydrothermal synthesis of ceramic materials.
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Roberto Fernandez-Prini CNEA, Av. General Paz 1499, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

A.H. Harvey Physical and Chemical Properties Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303-3328.

D.A. Palmer Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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