Separate chapter was added to distinguish upgrading capabilities of the residues catalytic cracking processes from those employing hydroprocessing. Upper limits on the content of carbon residue and metals in the feeds which can still be upgraded by the former processes differ markedly from those in the feeds which can be upgraded by hydroprocessing. It is necessary that the costs of modifications of catalytic cracking processes to accommodate heavier feeds are compared with that of hydroprocessing methods.
Objective of the short chapter on upgrading by carbon rejecting processes was to identify limits of contaminants in heavy feeds beyond which catalytic upgrading via hydroprocessing becomes uneconomical because of the costs of catalyst inventory and that of reactors and equipment.
- Comprehensive and most recent information on hydroprocessing catalysts for upgrading heavy petroleum feeds.
- Compares conventional, modified and novel catalysts for upgrading a wide range of heavy petroleum feeds.
- Comparison of conventional with non-conventional hydroprocessing, the latter involving soluble/dispersed catalysts and biocatalysts.
- Development and comparison of mathematical models
to simulate performance of catalytic reactors including most problematic feeds.
- Residues upgrading by catalytic cracking in comparison to hydroprocessing.
II. Properties of Heavy Feeds
III. Properties of Catalysts for Hydroprocessing Heavy Feeds
IV. Selection of Reactors for Hydroprocessing Research
V. Development and Testing of Catalysts
VI. Hydroprocessing Reactions
VII. Deactivation of Catalysts
VIII. Selection of Catalysts for Commercial Hydroprocessing Reactors
IX. Patent Literature on Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Reactors
X. Spent Hydroprocessing Catalysts
XI. Hydroprocessing of Vgo and Dao for Production of Lubricants
XII. Non-Conventional Catalytic Upgrading of Heavy Feeds
XIII. Residues Upgrading by Catalytic Cracking
XIV. Carbon Rejecting Processes
XV. Uncommon Processes
Dr. Furimsky has some forty years of research in the conversion of petroleum, coal and natural gas to various commercial products. The studies on upgrading petroleum feeds included hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation, catalyst deactivation and regeneration. The environmental and safety aspects as well as utilization options for spent refinery catalysts were part of the research as well. Scientific productivity includes two books, several book chapters and a dozen of reviews on various aspects of hydroprocessing catalysis, petroleum refining and utilization of refinery residues. Some 130 articles appeared in the referred scientific journals.