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Brenner's Online Encyclopedia of Genetics

  • ID: 1760315
  • Book
  • September 2001
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
The Encyclopedia of Genetics provides the most complete and authoritative coverage of genetics ever published. Dr. Sydney Brenner, the 2002 Nobel Prize winner for Physiology or Medicine, and Professor Jeffrey H. Miller of UCLA have gathered the world's top geneticists to contribute to this outstanding collection. Diverse information is compiled into a single, comprehensive source, containing a clear presentation of cutting-edge knowledge. Easy-to-use and well-organized, the Encyclopedia of Genetics is an invaluable reference work for everyone from the academic researcher to the educated layperson.
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(A)n tail A DNA Abortive Transduction Acentric Fragment Achondroplasia Acquired resistance Acridines Acrocentric Chromosome Acrosome Active Site Adaptive Landscapes Adaptor Hypothesis Additive Genetic Variance Adenine Adenocarcinomas Adenoma Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Adenosine Phosphates Adenoviruses Adjacent/Alternate Disjunction Advanced Intercross Lines Advanced/Derived Aflatoxins "Aging, Genetics of" Agouti Agrobacterium Alanine Albinism Alcoholism Alignment Problem Alkaptonuria Alkyltransferases Allele Frequency Alleles Allelic Exclusion Allopatric Allostery Allotypes Alpha (a) Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha (a)-Fetoprotein Alternation of Gene Expression Alternative Splicing Altruism Alu Family Alzheimer's Disease Amber Codon Amber Mutation Amber Suppressors "Ames, Bruce" Ames Test Amino Acids Amino Acid Substitution Amino Terminus Aminoacyl-tRNA Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases Aminopterin Amniocentesis Amplicons Anagenesis Analogy Ancestral Inheritance Theory Anchor Locus Anchorage-Independent Growth Androgenone Aneuploid Angiogenesis Annealing Anonymous Locus Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic-Resistance Mutants Antibody Anticodons Antigen Antigenic Variation Anti-Oncogenes Antiparallel Antisense DNA Antisense RNA Antitermination Factors Antitermination Proteins AP Endonucleases Apert Syndrome Apomorphy Apoptosis Aporepressors Arabidopsis thaliana: Molecular Systematics and Evolution Arabidopsis thaliana: The Premier Model Plant Arabinose Arachnodactyly "Arber, Werner" "Archaea, Genetics of" Arginine "Artificial Chromosomes, Yeast" Artificial Selection Ascobolus Ascobolus immersus Ascus Asilomar Conference ASO (Allele-Specific Oligonucleotide) Asparagine Aspartic Acid Aspergillus nidulans Assortative Mating Assortment Ataxia Telangiectasia ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) att Sites Attached-X and other Compound Chromosomes Attachment Sites Attenuation "Attenuation, Transcriptional" AUG Codons Autocrine/Paracrine Autogenous Control Autoimmune Diseases Autonomous Controlling Element Autoradiography Autoregulation Autosomal Inheritance Autosomes Auxotroph

B6 BAC (Bacterial Artificial Chromosome) Bacillus subtilis Backcross Background Selection Bacteria Bacterial Genes Bacterial Genetics Bacterial Transcription Factors Bacterial Transformation Bacteriophage Recombination Bacteriophage Therapy Bacteriophages Baculovirus System Balanced Polymorphism Balanced Translocation BALB/c Mouse Balbiani Rings Barr Body Basal Cell Carcinoma Base Analog Mutagens Base Composition Base Pair (bp) Base Pairing and Base Pair Substitution Base Substitution Mutations Bases "Baur, Erwin" Bayesian Analysis Bcl-2 Gene Family BCR/ABL Oncogene Bead Theory Beckwith--Wiedemann Syndrome Behavioral Genetics "Benzer, Seymour" Beta (b)-Galactosidase Bidirectional Replication "BIME, ERIC, REP, RIME, and other Short Bacterial Repeated Elements" Binomial Distribution Biochemical Genetics Biosynthesis of Small Molecules Biotechnology Birth Defects Blastocyst Blood Group Chimeras Blood Group Systems Bloom's Syndrome Blunt-End Ligation Bombay Blood Group Phenotype Bombyx mori Bootstrapping Bottleneck Effect "Boveri, Theodor" B-Prolymphocytic Leukemia (B-PLL) Brachydactyly Brachyury Locus Branch Migration "Brassicaceae, Molecular Systematics and Evolution of" Brassinosteroids BRCA1/BRCA2 Breakage And Reunion Break--Copy/Break--Join Breast Cancer Breeding of Animals "Brenner, Sydney" Buoyant Density Burkitt's Lymphoma

C Genes C Value C-Value Paradox C. elegans C57BL/6 CA Repeats CAAT Box c-ABL Gene and Gene Product Caenorhabditis elegans "Cairns, John" cAMP and Cell Signaling Campbell Model Cancer Susceptibility Candidate Gene Canine Genetics Cap CAP (CRP) Capsid Carcinogens Carcinoid Tumors Carcinoma Carrier Cassette Model Cassette Mutagenesis "Castle, William E." Catabolite Gene Activator Protein Catabolite Repression Cats Cattanach's Translocation cDNA Cell Culture Cell Cycle Cell Determination Cell Division Genetics Cell Division in Caenorhabditis elegans Cell Lineage Cell Lines Cell Markers: Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) Cell/Neuron Degeneration Cenancestor Centimorgan (cM) Centric Fusion Centrioles Centromere "Chain Initiation, Elongation and Termination" Chaperonins Character Character State Chargaff's Rules Charon Phages Chi Sequences Chiasma Chimera "Chimeric Genes, Proteins" Chirality Chlamydomonas reinhardtii "Chlamydomonas, Historical Model" "Chloroplasts, Genetics of" Christmas Disease Chromatid Chromatid Interference Chromatin Chromomeres Chromosome Chromosome Aberrations Chromosome Banding Chromosome Break Chromosome Bridge Chromosome Dimer Resolution by Site-Specific Recombination Chromosome Mapping Chromosome Movement Chromosome Number Chromosome Painting "Chromosome Pairing, Synapsis" Chromosome Scaffold Chromosome Structure Chromosome Walking Circular Linkage Map Cis-Acting Locus Cis-Acting Proteins Cis-Dominance Cis--Trans Configurations Cistron Clade Cladistics Cladogenesis Cladograms Class Switching Cleavage Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Clinical Genetics Clock Mutants Clone Cloned Organisms Cloning Vectors Closed Reading Frame Coalescent "Coat Color Mutations, Animals" Coding Sequences Coding Strand Codominance Codon Usage Bias Codons "Codons, Invariable" Coevolution Cognate tRNAs Cohesive Ends "Coincidence, Coefficient of" Coincidental evolution Coisogenic Strain Col Factors Cold-Sensitive Mutant Colicins Colinearity Colony Hybridization Color Blindness Colorectal Cancer Commaless Code Commensal Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH) Compartmentalization Compatibility Group Complement Loci Complementary DNA (cDNA) Complementation Complementation Map Complementation Test Complete Penetrance Complex Locus Complex Traits Concatemer Concatemer (Genomes) Concatenated Circles Concerted Evolution Concordance Conditional Lethality Congenic Strain Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (Adrenogenital Syndrome) Congenital Disorders Conjugation "Conjugation, Bacterial" Conjugative Transposition Conplastic Consanguinity Consensus Sequence Conservation Genetics Conservative Recombination Conserved Synteny Consomic Constant Regions Constitutive Expression Constitutive Heterochromatin Constitutive Mutations Contig Continuous Variation Contractile Ring Controlling Elements Convergent Evolution Conversion Gradient Coordinate Regulation Copy-Choice Hypothesis Cordycepin Core Particle Corepressor Correlated Response Cosmids Cotransformation Counterselection Covarion Model of Molecular Evolution CpG Islands "Craniosynostosis, Genetics of" Cre/lox -- Transgenics Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease (CJD) "Crick, Francis Harry Compton" Cri-du-Chat Syndrome Cross Crossing-Over Crossover Suppressor Crouzon Syndrome "Crow, James F" Crown Gall Tumors Cruciform DNA Cryptic Satellite Cryptic Splice Sites and Cryptic Splicing ct DNA CTP (Cytidine Triphosphate) Cutis laxa Cyclic AMP (cAMP) Cyclin-Dependent Kinases Cysteine Cystic Fibrosis Cytogenetics Cytokinesis Cytoplasm Cytoplasmic Genes Cytoplasmic Inheritance Cytosine Cytoskeleton Cytosol

"D'Herelle, Félix" "Darlington, Cyril Dean" "Darwin, Charles" "Databases, Sequenced Genomes" "De Vries, Hugo" Deficiency Degenerate Code "Delbrück, Max" Deletion Deletion Mapping "Deletion Mapping, Mouse" Deletion Mutation Demes Denaturation (Proteins) Derepression Detoxification (SOD) Deuteranopia Developmental Genetics Developmental Genetics of Caenorthabditis elegans "Developmental Genetics, Mouse" Dicentric Chromosome Dictyostelium Dideoxy Sequencing Dideoxynucleotide Differential Segment DiGeorge Syndrome Diploidy Direct Repeats Directed Deletion In Developmental Processes Directed Mutagenesis Directed Mutation Disassortative Mating Discontinuous Replication Discordance Disequilibrium Disjunction Disruptive Selection Distal Divergent Evolution Divergent Transcription D-Loop DNA DNAase DNA-Binding Proteins DNA Cloning DNA Code DNA Damage DNA Denaturation "DNA, History of" DNA Hybridization DNA Invertases DNA Lesions DNA Ligases DNA Mapping DNA Marker DNA Modification DNA Polymerase h (Eta) DNA Polymerases DNA Recombination DNA Repair DNA Repair Defects and Human Disease DNA Replication DNA Sequencing DNA Structure DNA Supercoiling DNA Synthesis "Dobzhansky, Theodosius" Dogs Dominance Dosage Compensation Double-Minute Chromosomes Double-Strand Break Repair Model Down Syndrome "Down, Up mutations" Downstream Drosophila melanogaster Drug Resistance Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (or Meryon's Disease) Duffy Blood Groups "Dulbecco, Renato" "Dunn, L.C." Dwarfism "Dwarfism, in Mice" Dynamic Mutations Dysmorphology Dystrophin

E.coli Early Genes (in Phage Genomes) EBNA Ectoderm Ectodermal Dysplasias Editing and Proofreading in Translation Effective Population Number Ehlers--Danlos Syndrome Electron Microscopy Electrophoresis Electroporation Elongation Elongation Factors; Translation Embryo Transfer Embryonic Development of the Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans "Embryonic Development, Mouse" Embryonic Stem Cells End Labeling Endoderm Endonucleases End-Product Inhibition Enhancers Enzymes Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) Epigenetics Episome Epistasis Epstein--Barr Virus (EBV) Equilibrium Equilibrium Population erbA and erbB in Human Cancer Error Catastrophe Erythroblastosis Fetalis ES Cells Escherichia coli ESS Established Cell Lines Ethics and Genetics Ets Family Euchromatin Eugenics Eukaryotes Eukaryotic Genes Euploid Evolution Evolution of Gene Families Evolutionarily Stable Strategies Evolutionary Rate Ewing's Tumor Exchange Exchange Pairing Excision Repair Exon Exonucleases Expression Vector Expressivity Extranuclear Genes

F Factor F1 Generation F1 Hybrid FAB Classification of Leukemia Fabry Disease (a-Galactosidase A Deficiency) "1-, 2-, 3-Factor Crosses" Facultative Heterochromatin Familial Fatal Insomnia (FFI) Familial Hypercholesterolemia Fanconi's Anemia Fate Map Favism F-Duction Feline Genetics Female Carriers Feral "Fertility, Mutations" Fertilization "Fertilization, Mammalian" Filamentous Bacteriophages Filial Generations Filter Hybridization Fingerprinting First and Second Division Segregation FISH (Fluorescent in situ Hybridization) "Fisher, R.A." Fitness Fitness Landscape Fix Genes Fixation of Alleles Fixation Probability Flagella Flagellar Phase Variation (Biology) FLI1 Oncogene "Flower Development, Genetics of" Flp Recombinase-Mediated DNA Inversion FMS Oncogene Foldback DNA Follicular Lymphoma Footprinting "Ford, Charles" Forward Mutations Fosmid Founder Effect Founder Principle Fragile Chromosome Site Fragile X Syndrome Frameshift Mutation "Freedom, Degrees of" Frequency-Dependent Fitness Frequency-Dependent Selection Frequency-Dependent Selection as Expressed in Rare Male Mating Advantages Fruit Fly Functional Genomics Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection Fungal Genetics Fungi FUS-CHOP Fusion Fusion Gene Fusion Proteins

G1 G2 Galactosemia "Galton, Francis" Gametes "Gametes, Mammalian" Gametic Disequilibrium Gametogenesis Gamma Distribution GAP (RAS GTPase Activating Protein) Gastrulation Gaucher's Disease G-Banding Gel Electrophoresis Gene Gene Action Gene Amplification Gene Cassettes Gene Conversion Gene Dosage Gene Duplication Gene Expression Gene Family Gene Flow Gene Frequency Gene Insertion Gene Interaction Gene Library Gene Mapping Gene Number Gene Pool Gene Product Gene Rearrangement in Eukaryotic Organisms "Gene Rearrangements, Prokaryotic" Gene Regulation Gene Replacement Gene Sequencing Gene Silencing Gene Splicing Gene Substitution Gene Targeting "Gene Therapy, Human " Gene Transfer Gene Trapping Gene Trees Genetic Code Genetic Colonization Genetic Correlation Genetic Counseling Genetic Covariance Genetic Disease Genetic Distance Genetic Drift Genetic Engineering Genetic Equilibrium Genetic Homeostasis Genetic Load Genetic Mapping Genetic Marker Genetic Material Genetic Migration Genetic Polarity Genetic Ratios Genetic Recombination Genetic Redundancy Genetic Screening Genetic Stock Collections and Centers Genetic Transformation Genetic Translation Genetic Variation Genetics Genome Genome Organization Genome Relationships: Maize and the Grass Model Genome Size Genomic Library Genomics Genotype Genotypic Frequency Germ Cell "Giemsa Banding, Mouse Chromosomes" "Gilbert, Walter" Glioma "Globin Genes, Human" Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Deficiency Glutamic Acid Glutamine Glycine Glycine max (Soybean) Glycolysis Glycosylase Repair "Grasses, Synteny, Evolution, and Molecular Systematics" Gravitropism in Arabidopsis thaliana Group Selection Growth Factors GSD (Gerstmann--Straussler Disease) GT Repeats GT--AG Rule GTP (Guanosine Triphosphate) Guanine Guide RNA Gynogenone Gyrase

H19 H2 Locus Hadulins Hairpin Hairy Cell Leukemia (HCL) "Haldane, J.B.S." Haldane-Muller Principle Haldane's Mapping Function Hamilton's Theory "Handedness, Left/Right" Haploid Number Haploinsufficiency Haplotype Hardy--Weinberg Law Harlequin Chromosomes Heat Shock Proteins Heavy/Light Chains Helicases Helicobacter pylori Helix-Loop-Helix Proteins Helix-Turn-Helix Motif Helper Phage Hemizygote Hemoglobin Hemophilia Hereditary Diseases Hereditary Neoplasia Heritability Hermaphrodite "Hershey, Alfred" Heteroallele Heterochromatin Heterochronic Mutation Heterochrony Heteroduplexes Heterogenote Heterokaryon Heteropyknosis Heterosis Heterotrimeric G Proteins Heterozygote and Heterozygosis Hfr Hin/Gin-Mediated Site-Specific DNA Inversion Hirschsprung's Disease Histidine Histidine Operon Histocompatability Histocompatibility Complex Genes Histone Genes Histones Hitchhiking Effect HIV Hodgkin's Disease Hogness Box Holliday Junction Holliday's Model Holocentric Chromosomes Holophyly Homeobox Homeotic Genes Homeotic Mutation Homogeneously Staining Regions Homologous Chromosomes Homologs Homology Homoplasy Homozygosity Hordeum Species Horizontal Transfer Host-Lethal Gene Host-Range Mutant Hot Spot of Recombination Hot Spots Housekeeping Gene Hox Genes Hsp HTLV-1 Human Chromosomes Human Genetics Human Genome Project Hunter Syndrome Huntington's Disease Hurler Syndrome "Huxley, Thomas Henry" Hybrid Hybrid-Arrested Translation Hybrid Dysgenesis "Hybrid Sterility, Mouse" Hybrid Vigor "Hybrid Zone, Mouse" Hybridization Hydatidiform Moles Hyperchromicity Hypervariable Region

Ichthyosis Identity by Descent Idiogram Igf2 Locus Igf2r Locus Illegitimate Recombination Immunity Immunoglobulin Gene Superfamily "Imprinting, Genomic" In situ Hybridization In vitro Evolution In vitro Fertilization In vitro Mutagenesis In vitro Packaging Inborn Errors of Metabolism Inbred Strain 129 Inbred Strain Inbreeding Inbreeding Depression Incompatibility Incomplete Dominance Incomplete Penetrance Incross Indel Independent Assortment Independent Segregation Inducer "Inducible Enzyme, Inducible System" Induction of Prophage Induction of Transcription Infertility Influenza Virus Inheritance Inherited Rickets Initiation Factors Insertion Sequence "Insertion, Insertional Mutagenesis" Insulinoma Integrase Integrase Family of Site-Specific Recombinases Integration Integrons Intelligence and the 'Intelligence Quotient' Intercross "Interference, Genetic" Interphase Intersex "Interspecific, Intraspecific Cross" Intervening Sequence Intron Homing Introns and Exons "Invariants, Phylogenetic" Inversion Inverted Repeats Inverted Terminal Repeats Isochromosome Isolation by Distance Isoleucine Isomerization (of Holliday Junctions) Isotype Isotype Switching

J Gene Jackknifing "Jacob, François" Jukes-Cantor Correction Jumping Genes

Karyotype kb (Kilobase) "Khorana, Har Gobind" Kimura Correction "Kimura, Motoo" Kin Selection Kinases (Protein Kinases) Kinetochore Klinefelter Syndrome Knockout "Kornberg, Arthur" Kornberg Enzyme Kuru

lac Mutants lac Operon Lactose Lagging Strand "Lamarck, Jean Baptiste" Lamarckism Lampbrush Chromosomes Late Genes Leader Peptide Leader Sequence Leading Strand Least Squares "Lederberg, Joshua" Leguminosae Leiomyoma "Lejeune, Jérôme" Lesch--Nyhan Syndrome Lethal Locus Lethal Mutation Leucine Leukemia "Leukemia, Acute" "Leukemia, Chronic" "Levan, Albert" "Lewis, Edward" Library Ligation Light Receptor Kinases "Light, Heavy Chains" LIM Domain Genes Limb Development LINE Linkage Linkage Disequilibrium Linkage Group Linkage Map Linker DNA Lipoma and Uterine Leiomyoma Liposarcoma "Little, Clarence" LMO Family of LIM-only Genes Locus LOD Score Long-Period Interspersion Long Terminal Repeats (LTRs) Loss of Heterozygosity (LOH) Lotus japonicus "Lung Cancer, Chromosome Studies" "Luria, Salvador" Luria--Delbrück Experiment Lutheran Blood Group Lycopersicon esculentum (Tomato) Lyon Hypothesis "Lysenko, T.D/Lysenkoism" Lysine Lysis Lysogeny Lysozyme Lytic Phage

"Macronuclear Development, in Ciliates" Macronucleus Major Histocompatability Complex (MHC) "Malthus, Thomas" Mammalian Genetics (Mouse Genetics) "Map Distance, Unit" Map Expansion Mapping Function Mapping Panel Marfan Syndrome Marker Marker Effect Marker Rescue Masked mRNA Maternal Effect Maternal Inheritance Mating Types Mating-Type Genes and Their Switching in Yeasts Maxam-Gilbert Sequencing Maximum Likelihood MC29 Avian Myelocytomatosis Virus "McClintock, Barbara" Medicago truncatula Medical Genetics Meiosis "Meiotic Drive, Mouse" Meiotic Product "Melanoma, Cytogenetic Studies" Melting Temperature (Tm) "Mendel, Gregor" Mendel's Laws Mendelian Genetics Mendelian Inheritance Mendelian Population Mendelian Ratio Meselson--Radding Model Meselson--Stahl Experiment Mesoderm Messenger RNA (mRNA) MET "Metabolic Disorders, Mutants" Metacentric Chromosome Methionine "Metric, Four Point" "Metric, Manhattan" "Metric, Ultra" Metrics MIC and MIC-M Classifications of Leukemia Microarray Technology Microbial Genetics Microbial Genomics Microchromosomes Micro-complement Fixation (MC'F) Micronucleus Microsatellite Microscopy Microtubules Minicells Minichromosome Minimal Residual Disease Minimum Change Minisatellite Mismatch Repair (Long/Short Patch) Mistranslation Mitochondria "Mitochondria, Genetics of" Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Mitochondrial Genome Mitochondrial Inheritance Mitochondrial Mutants Mitosis MLL Molecular Clock Molecular Drive Molecular Genetics Monochromosomal Somatic Cell Hybrids Monocistronic mRNA Monoclonal Antibodies "Monod, Jacques" Monomorphic Locus Monophyly Monosomy "Morgan, Thomas Hunt" Morula MOS Mosaicism in Humans Mouse "Mouse, Classical Genetics" Mouse Cleavage Mouse Leukemia Viruses Mouse Sex-Reversed Rearrangement mRNA mtDNA Muenke Syndrome Mule "Muller, Hermann J" Multicopy Plasmids Multifactorial Inheritance Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Multiplicity of Infection Multisite Mutation Mus Mus musculus Mus musculus castaneus Mus Spretus Muscular Dystrophies Musculus Mutagenic Specificity Mutagens Mutant Allele Mutation "Mutation, Back" Mutation Frequency "Mutation, Leaky" Mutation Load "Mutations, Missense" "Mutation, Null" Mutation Rate "Mutations, Silent" "Mutations, Spontaneous" Mutational Analysis Mutational Site Mutator Phenotype Mutators Myb Oncogene myc Locus Myxoid Liposarcoma and FUS/TLS-CHOP Fusion Genes

"N2, N3, N4, etc." Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) "Nathans, Daniel" Natural Selection Nature-Nurture Controversy Nearly Neutral Theory Negative Complementation Negative Interference Negative Regulators Negative Supercoiling Neoteny Network Neu Oncogene Neurofibromatosis Neurogenetics in Caenorhabditis elegans "Neurogenetics, in Drosophila" Neuron/Cell Degeneration Neuronal Guidance Neuronal Specification Neurospora crassa Neutral Drift Neutral Mutation Neutral Theory Nick Nick Translation nif Genes "Nirenberg, Marshall Warren" Nod-Box Nod Factors Nodulation Genes Nodulins Nomenclature of Genetics "Nomenclature of Genetics, Mouse" Nomenclature of Human Genes Nonautonomous Controlling Elements Non-Darwinian Evolution Nondisjunction Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Mendelian Inheritance Nonreciprocal Exchange Nonrepetitive DNA Nonsense Codon Nonsense Mutation Nonsense Suppressor Nontranscribed Spacer Northern Blotting "Nuclear Envelope, Transport" "Nuclear Import, Nuclear Export" Nuclear Matrix Nuclear Pore Complex Nuclear Pores Nuclear Transfer Nuclease Nucleic Acid Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Nucleolar Organizer Nucleolus Nucleosome Nucleotide Sequence Nucleotides and Nucleosides Nucleus Nude Mouse Null Hypothesis Nullisomy Nutritional Mutations

"Ochoa, Severo" Ochre Codon Ochre Mutation Ochre Suppressor Ohno's Law Okazaki Fragment Olfaction Oncogenes OncoMouseR Oogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans "Oogenesis, Mouse" Opal Codon Open Reading Frame Operators Operon Organelles Organismal Hybridization Ori Sequences Origin (ori) "Origin of Life, Theories of" Orphan Receptor Orthology Oryza sativa (Rice) Osteogenesis Imperfecta Outbreeding Outcross Overdominance Overwinding Ovulation

P Elements P53 Gene Paedomorphosis "Painter, T S" Pairing Palindrome Panmixis Paralogy Paramecia Paramorphosis Parapatric Paraphyly Parasegment Parental Parsimony "Parthenogenesis, Mammalian" Patau Syndrome Paternal Inheritance Pathogenicity Islands Pattern Formation Pax Genes pBR322 PCR Pedigree Analysis Pedomorphosis Penetrance Peptide Bond Perinuclear Space Permissive Cells Petite P-Glycoprotein Phage (Bacteriophage) Phage l Integration and Excision Phage Crosses Phage M13 Phage Mu Phage Receptor Phase Variation Phase Variation(Biology) Phaseolus vulgaris (Beans) Phenetics Phenocopy Phenogram Phenotype Phenotypic Lag Phenotypic Mixing Phenylalanine Phenylketonuria Philadelphia Chromosome "fX174, Genetics of" "Photomorphogenesis in Plants, Genetics of" Photoreactivation Photorepair "Photosynthesis, Genetics of" Phylogenetic Tree Phylogeny Phylogeography Physical Mapping Piebald Trait "Pigmentation, Mouse" Pim Oncogenes Pisum sativum (Garden Pea) "Plant Development, Genetics of" "Plant Embryogenesis, Genetics of" Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) Plant Hormones Plaques Plasmacytomas in Mice Plasmids Pleiotropy Plesiomorphy Ploidy Pneumonia Bacteria Point Mutations Polarity Polaron Poly(A) Tail Polyadenylation Polycistronic mRNA Polygenes Polymerase Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) "Polymerase Chain Reaction, Real-Time Quantitative" Polymorphism "Polymorphisms, Tree Reconstruction" Polypeptides Polyploidy Polysome (Polyribosome) Polytene Chromosomes Population Genetics Population Substructure Position Effects Positive Interference Positive Regulator Proteins Positive Supercoiling Postmeiotic Segregation Posttranscriptional Modification Posttranslational Modification Predator--Prey and Parasite--Host Interactions Pre-mRNA Splicing Prenatal Diagnosis Primary Transcript Primase Primer Primer RNA Primitive Character Primosome Prions Prisoner's Dilemma Probe Procentriole Processed Pseudogene Progeny Testing Prokaryotes Proline Promoters Proofreading Proofreading Function Prophage "Prophage, Prophage Induction" Protein Interaction Domains Protein Secretion Systems Protein Splicing Protein Synthesis Proteins and Protein Structure Proteolysis Proteome Proto-Oncogene Provirus Proximal Pseudoalleles "Pseudoautosomal Linkage, Region" Pseudogene Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) Psoriasis Puff Pulse--Chase Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) Punnett Square Purine Pyrimidine Pyrimidine Dimers

Q-Banding QTL Mapping QTL (Quantitative Trait Locus) Quantitative Genetics Quantitative Inheritance Quantitative Trait

"R Factor, R Plasmids" R Plasmids RAD Genes (in Yeast) "Radiation Genetics, Mouse" Random Mating Ras Gene Family Rats: Genetics and Cytogenetics rDNA Amplification Reading Frame Rearrangements Rec Genes RecA Protein and Homology "RecBCD Enzyme, Pathway" Recessive Recessive Inheritance Recessive Lethal Reciprocal Cross Reciprocal Recombination Reciprocal Translocation Reciprocality Reckless DNA Degradation Recombinant Recombinant Congenic Strains Recombinant DNA Recombinant DNA Guidelines Recombinant DNA Technology Recombinant Inbred Strains "Recombination Hot Spots, Mouse" Recombination in the Immune System "Recombination, Models of" Recombination Nodules (RNs) Recombination Pathways Recombination Suppression Recombinational Repair Reed--Sternberg Cells Reeler Locus Regulation of DNA Repair Regulatory Genes Regulatory RNA Reiterated Genes Rel Oncogene Release (Termination) Factors Renal Cell Cancer Renaturation Repair Mechanisms Repair of Oxidative DNA Damage Repetitive (DNA) Sequence Replication Replication Errors Replication Eye Replication Fork Replicon Replisome Reporter Gene Repression Repressor Reproductive Isolation Resistance Resistance Plasmids "Resistance to Antibiotics, Genetics of" Resolvase Resolvase-Mediated Deletion Restriction and Modification Restriction Endonuclease Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) Restriction Map RET Proto-Oncogene Reticulation Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinoblastoma Retroposon Retroregulation Retrotransposons Retroviruses Reverse Genetics Reverse Mutation Reverse Transcriptase Reverse Transcription Reverse Translation Reversion Reversion Tests Revertants Rh Blood Group Genes Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhizobium Rho Factor RI Strain Ribonucleic Acid Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) Ribosome Binding Site Ribosomes Ribozymes Rifamycins Right/Left Handed DNA R-Loop RNA RNAases RNA Binding Domains in Proteins RNA-Binding Domains in Proteins RNA Editing in Animals RNA Editing in Plants RNA Editing in Trypanosomes RNA Interference RNA Phages RNA Polymerase RNA Turnover RNA World Robertsonian Translocation Rolling Circle Replication "Root Development, Genetics of" RuvAB Enzyme RuvC Enzyme

S Phase S1 Nuclease Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's Yeast) Saccharomyces Chromosomes Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome Salmonella "Sanger, Frederick" Sarcomas Satellite DNA Satellited Chromosome SCE (Sister Chromatid Exchange) Schizophrenia "Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the Principal Subject of Fission Yeast Genetics" Screening scRNA scRNP SDP (Strain Distribution Pattern) Second Division Segregation Secretion "Seed Development, Genetics of" Seed Storage Proteins Segmental Interchange Segmentation Genes Segregation "Segregation Distortion, Mouse" Selection Selection Coefficient Selection Differential Selection Index Selection Intensity Selection Limit Selection Pressure Selection Techniques Selective Breeding Selective Neutrality Selective Sweep Self-Fertilization Selfish DNA Self-Splicing Semiconservative Replication Semidiscontinuous Replication Semidominance Sense Codon Sequence Alignments Serine Sex Chromatin Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: XYY Sex Chromosomes "Sex Determination, Human" "Sex Determination, Mouse" Sex Linkage Sex Plasmid Sex Ratios Sex Reversal Sexduction Sex-Limited Character Sezary's Syndrome SH Domains SH2 Domain SH3 Domain Shearing Shifting Balance Theory of Evolution Shine--Dalgarno Sequence Shotgun Cloning Shuttle Vector Sickle Cell Anemia Sigma Factors Signal Sequence Signal Transduction Similarity SINE Single-Copy Plasmids Single-Gene Inheritance Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) Single-Strand Annealing Single-Strand Assimilation Single-Strand Exchange Single-Stranded DNA-Binding Proteins (SSBs) Sister Chromatids Site-Directed Mutagenesis Site-Specific Recombination Skeletal Disorder Ski Oncoprotein "Smith, Hamilton" "Snell, George" SNP'S snRNAs snRNPs Solanum tuberosum (Potato) Soluble RNA Somatic Mutation Somatic Pairing SOS Bypass SOS Repair Southern Blotting Specialized Recombination Specialized Transduction Speciation Species Species Selection Species Trees Specific Locus Test Specificity Spermatids Spermatocytes Spermatogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans "Spermatogenesis, Mouse" Spermatogonia Spina Bifida Spindle Splicing Splicing Junctions Split Genes "Spongiform Encephalopathies (Transmissible), Genetic Aspects of" Spores Src Family Tyrosine Kinases SSLP (Simple Sequence Length Polymorphism) SSR (Simple Sequence Repeat) Stable Equilibrium Staggered Cuts Staphylococcus aureus "Start, Stop Codons" Steel Locus Stem Cells Steroids Sticky Ends Strain Strain Distribution Pattern (SDP) Strand Displacement Streptomyces Streptomycin Stringent Response Structural Gene Subcellular RNA Localization Subcloning Substitution Mutuations Superinfection Immunity Superrepressor Suppression Suppressor Mutations Suppressor tRNA "Symbionts, Genetics of" Symbiosis Islands Symbiosome Sympatric Sympatric Speciation Symplesiomorphy Synapomorphy "Synapsis, Chromosomes" Synapsis in DNA Transactions Synaptonemal Complex Syndactyly Syngenic Synovial Sarcoma Synteny (Syntenic Genes) Systematics Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR)

T Cell Receptor Gene Family t Haplotype ...

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Sydney Brenner Institute of Molecular Scieces, Berkeley, Califoria, U.S.A..

Jeffrey H. Miller University of California, Los Angeles, U.S.A..
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