Forest Ecosystems. Edition No. 3

  • ID: 1761753
  • Book
  • 440 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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This revision maintains the position of Forest Ecosystems as the one source for the latest information on the advanced methods that have enhanced our understating of forest ecosystems. Further understanding is given to techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect. The inclusion of models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples provides readers with a full understanding of the methods and techniques.
  • Includes a revised section on important advances in regional scale analyses
  • Features an update to global scale analyses including revised color images
  • Provides a detailed comparison of predicted vs. observed tree diversity across 65 eco-regions
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Preface to the Third Edition

Preface to the Second Edition


Preface to the First Edition


Acknowledgments


1. Forest Ecosystem Analysis at Multiple Time and Space Scales


I. Introduction


II. The Scientific Domain of Forest Ecosystem Analysis


III. The Space/Time Domain of Ecosystem Analysis


IV. Time and Space Scaling from the Stand/Seasonal Level


V. Management Applications of Ecosystem Analysis


VI. Related Textbooks


VII. Web Site for Updated Materials


Section I. Introduction to Analysis of Seasonal Cycles of Water, Carbon, and Minerals through Forest Stands


2. Water Cycles


I. Introduction


II. Heat and Water Vapor Transfer from Vegetation


III. Water Flow through Trees


IV. Water Storage and Losses from Snow


V. Water Flow across and through Soil


VI. Coupled Water Balance Models


VII. Summary


3. Carbon Cycle


I. Introduction


II. Photosynthesis


III. Autotrophic Respiration


IV. Heterotrophic Respiration


V. Modeling Photosynthesis and Respiration


VI. Net Primary Production and Allocation


VII. Comparison of Forest Ecosystem Models


VIII. Summary


4. Mineral Cycles


I. Introduction


II. Plant Processes Affecting Nutrient Cycling


III. Sources of Nutrients


IV. Soil and Litter Processes


V. Mass Balance and Models of Mineral Cycles


VI. Summary


Section II. Introduction to Temporal Scaling


5. Temporal Changes in Forest Structure and Function


I. Introduction


II. Structural Stages in Stand Development


III. Functional Responses of Stands at Different Stages in Development


IV. Looking Back in Time


V. Ecosystem Models, Projections Forward in Time


VI. Summary


6. Susceptibility and Response of Forests to Disturbance


I. Introduction


II. Biotic Factors


III. Abiotic Factors


IV. Summary


Section III. Introduction to Spatial Scaling and Spatial/Temporal Modeling


7. Spatial Scaling Methods for Landscape and Regional Ecosystem Analysis


I. Introduction


II. Abiotic Site Variables


III. Providing the Driving Variables, Climatology


IV. Describing the Ecosystem


V. Spatially Explicit Landscape Pattern Analysis


VI. Data Layer Inconsistencies


VII. Summary


8. Regional and Landscape Ecological Analysis


I. Introduction


II. Horizontal Connections: Biotic Analysis of Forest Patterns


III. Vertical Connections: Forest-Atmosphere Interactions


IV. Vertical and Horizontal Connections: Regional Biogeochemistry


V. Summary


9. The Role of Forests in Global Ecology


I. Introduction


II. Global Forest Distribution


III. Forest-Climate Interactions


IV. Forests in the Global Carbon Cycle


V. Forests and Biodiversity


VI. Sustainability of Global Forests


VII. Summary


10. Advances in Eddy-Flux Analyses, Remote Sensing, and Evidence of Climate Change


I. Introduction


II. Eddy-Covariance Fluxes


III. New Remote Sensing of Forests


IV. Climate Change and Forests


Epilogue


Bibliography


Index


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Waring, Richard H.
www.fsl.orst.edu/~waring/ Dr. Waring is an accomplished writter and professor of forest science. His notable publications include the first edition of Forest Ecosystems written in 1985. Waring, R.H. and W.H. Schlesinger. 1985. Forest ecosystems: Concepts and management. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, FL. 338 p
Running, Steven W.
Steven W. Running is trained as a terrestrial ecologist, receiving the B.S. (1972) and M.S. (1973) degrees from Oregon State University, and the Ph.D. (1979) degree in Forest Ecology from Colorado State University. He has been with the University of Montana, Missoula, since 1979, where he is a Professor of Ecology. His primary research interest is the development of global and regional ecosystem biogeochemical models by integration of remote sensing with climatology and terrestrial ecology. He is a Team Member for the NASA Earth Observing System, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and is responsible for the EOS global terrestrial net primary production and evaporative index datasets. He has published over 240 scientific articles. He currently serves on the standing Committee for Earth Studies of the National Research Council, and on the federal Interagency Carbon Cycle Science Committee. He is a Co-Chair of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model Land Working Group, a Member of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program Executive Committee, and the World Climate Research Program, Global Terrestrial Observing System. Dr. Running is a chapter Lead Author for the 4th Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Prof. Running is an elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and is designated a Highly Cited Researcher by the Institute for Scientific Information.
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