Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products.
Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials.
This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields.
* Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic
* International contributions from the US, Europe and India
* Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world
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IntroductionG. C. NelsonTraits and Techniques of GMOsG. C. NelsonThe Economics of Technology AdoptionG. C. Nelson & D. BullockGMO Adoption and Private Cost Savings: GR Soybeans and Bt CornD. Bullock & E. NitsiSimulation of World Market Effects: The 2010 World Market with and without Bt Corn and GR SoybeansM. RosegrantCotton GMO Adoption and Private ProfitabilityJ. B. Falck-Zepeda, G. Traxler, & R. G. NelsonGMO Adoption and Nonmarket EffectsG. C. Nelson & A. De PintoThe Stakeholders and the Struggle for Public Opinion, Regulatory Control and Market Development J. Babinard & T. JoslingThe Domestic and Regional Regulatory EnvironmentG. C. Nelson, J. Babinard & T. JoslingInternational Institutions, World Trade Rules, and GMOsT. JoslingMarket Responses to Consumer Demand and Regulatory ChangeL. Unnevehr, L. Hill, & C. CunninghamLooking to the FutureT. Josling & G. C. NelsonPART II: Perspectives on the Controversies
Biotechnology Crops--A Producer's PerspectiveM. W. JennerGenetically Modified Crops and the American Agricultural ProducerG. GoldbergGovernment Perspectives
Toward Common Ground: Roles of Markets and PolicyN. Ballenger & M. BohmanThe Economics of Agricultural Biotechnology: Differences and Similarities in the US and the EUT. HaniotisDeveloping Country Perspectives
Modern Agricultural Biotechnology and Developing Country Food SecurityP. Pinstrup-Andersen & M. J. CohenGMOs: A Miracle?V. ShivaEnvironmental Perspectives
GMOs in Agriculture: An Environmental PerspectiveR. CaplanGenetically Modified Organisms Can Help Save the PlanetD. AveryConsumer Issues
Genetic Engineering: A Technology Ahead of the Science and Public Policy?: An Extract Reprinted from the US Congressional Record of November 1 and November 2, 2000D. KucinichFood Industry Perspective on Safety and Labeling of BiotechnologyG. GrabowskiGMO Regulations: Food Safety or Trade Barrier?M. KaneGenetically Engineered Food: Make Sure It's Safe and Label ItM. HansenLife Sciences Industry
Ag Biotech: Our Past and Our FutureR. KruegerPART III: Special Topics
A Short History of Agricultural BiotechnologyJ. BabinardPlant Genetic Modification TechnologiesJ. WidholmBt Corn and the Monarch Butterfly: Research UpdateR. L. Hellmich & B. D. SiegfriedThe Beef Hormone Dispute Between the United States and the EUT. Josling & D. RobertsAgricultural Biotech Glossary
GMO Field Trials in Europe
References and Further Reading
Gerald C. Nelson served as the principal investigator for the report on GMOs to the American Farm Bureau in 1999 and on the biotechnology expert panel for the Institute of Food Technologists in 2000.