The chapters cover theoretical developments concerning the forces of agglomeration, the nature of neighborhoods and human capital externalities, the foundations of systems of cities, the development of local political institutions, regional agglomerations and regional growth. Such massive progress in understanding the theory behind urban and regional phenomenon is consistent with on-going progress in the field since the late 1960's. What is unprecedented are the developments on the empirical side: the development of a wide body of knowledge concerning the nature of urban externalities, city size distributions, urban sprawl, urban and regional trade, and regional convergence, as well as a body of knowledge on specific regions of the world-Europe, Asia and North America, both current and historical.
The Handbook is a key reference piece for anyone wishing to understand the developments in the field.
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Part I. Cities and urban systems: from theory to facts.
48. Micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies (G. Duranton, D. Puga).
49. Evidence on the nature and sources of agglomeration economies (S. Rosenthal, W. Strange).
50. Neighborhood effects (S. Durlauf).
51. Human capital externalities in cities (E. Moretti ).
52. Theories of systems of cities (H. Abdel-Rahman, A. Anas).
53. Evolution of city size distributions (X. Gabaix, Y. Ioannides).
Part II. The design of local governments and policies
54. Urban political economics (R. Helsley).
55. Fiscal decentralization (D. Epple, T. Nechyba).
56. Sprawl and urban growth (E. Glaeser, M. Kahn).
57. Factor mobility and redistribution (H. Cremer, P. Pestieau).
Part III. Economic geography and the geography of modern economies
58. Agglomeration and economic geography (G. Ottaviano, J.-F. Thisse).
59. The empirics of agglomeration and trade (K. Head, T. Mayer).
60. Agglomeration and regional growth (R. Baldwin, P. Martin).
61. Knowledge spillovers and the geography of innovation (D. Audretsch, M. Feldman).
62. Regional (di) convergence (S. Magrini).
63. Spatial distribution of economic activities in North America (T. Holmes, J. Stevens).
64. The Spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union (P.-P. Combes, H. Overman).
65. Spatial distribution of economic activities in Japan and China (M. Fujite, T. Mori, J. Henderson, Y. Kanemoto).
Part IV. The long-run view on cities and geography
66. Historical perspectives on US economic geography (S. Kim, R. Margo).
67. The Historical geography of European cities: An interpretive essay (P. Hohenberg).