Spitsbergen Push Moraines, Vol 4. Developments in Quaternary Science

  • ID: 1763605
  • Book
  • 212 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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The book deals with push moraines on Spitsbergen. The main body is a translation of the original German report by Karl Gripp on a 1927 expedition. The quality of Gripp's work is evaluated to see whether it stands the test of time. It is found that it is very modern, every year people still go into the field with the same research questions. It is also found that most likely Gripp's report contains the first description of features that we now take for granted, for instance the description of looped moraines to detect surges. Push moraines are still being studied and to show where we stand now two papers have been added that analyse two particular examples, Holmströmbreen and Sefströmbreen. The two examples are geographically close together, but reflect two completely different settings: terrestrial Holmströmbreen and tidewater Sefströmbreen.

Since a few years we know of the De Geer Archive, a collection of glass negatives of Spitsbergen, relating to De Geer's expeditions between 1882 and 1910. The negatives have only emerged recently and a collection of prints relating to Holmströmbreen and Sefströmbreen is included here. Together with a third paper incorporated in the book, this time an evaluation of De Geer's photos and maps of the Sefströmbreen surge, this material shows the importance of incorporating historical documentation in our studies.

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1. Introduction.
2. Glaciological and geological results of the Hamburg Spitsbergen-expedition of 1927.
3. The test of time.
4. The De Geer archive in Stockholm exemplified by the documentation on a late-nineteenth
century glacier surge in Spitsbergen.
5. Till and moraine emplacement in a deforming bed surge
an example from a marine environment.
6. The sedimentary and structural evolution of a recent push moraine complex: Holmströmbreen, Spitsbergen.
7. De Geer: Early observations on Holmströmbreen, Sefströmbreen and Coraholmen.
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van der Meer, J.J.M.
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