The ABCs of Learning Disabilities. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 1764214
  • Book
  • 296 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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The ABCs of Learning Disabilities, Second Edition, discusses major research findings on learning disabilities in children, adolescents and adults in language, memory, social skills, self-regulation, reading, mathematics, and writing, with an additional chapter on assessment. This concise primer is intended for use as an undergraduate introductory text to the field. Written with an evenness of tone, breadth, and depth, the conveys an engaging style meant to encourage the beginning student to identify the "big picture” and to be interested in conceptual issues as well as research findings.
  • Undergraduate level text
  • 90% new material
  • Concise introduction to field
  • Covers current concepts like removing the IQ-performance discrepancy formula in diagnosing learning disabilities
  • New chapter on self-regulation and learning disabilities
  • Whole school approach to social skills intervention
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Preface

Chapter 1: Learning Disabilities: From Past to Present


The Influence of Europe (1800-1920)


The Influence of America (1920-1960)


The Rise and Consolidation of the Learning Disabilities Field (1963-1985)


Definitions of Learning Disabilities


Some Additional Points


Etiology


Genetic Contributions to Reading and Writing Disabilities


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)


Characteristics of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Learning Disabilities


Achievements in the Learning Disabilities Field


Winds of Change


Critique of RTI


Summary


References


Chapter 2: Language and Learning Disabilities


What is Language?


How Does Children's Language Develop?


Early Language Development and Learning Disabilities


Communication of Children with Learning Disabilities


Phonology


The Timing Hypothesis


Morphology


Lexical Knowledge and Access


Syntax


Discourse


Summary


References


Chapter 3: Working Memory and Learning Disabilities


Working Memory and Learning Disabilities


The Construct of Working Memory


Theories of Working Memory and Working Memory Development


Constructivist Theories of Working Memory Development


Information Processing Models and Learning Disabilities


Summary


References


Chapter 4: Social Dimensions of Learning Disabilities


Introduction


The Beginning


Social Cognitive Problems


Self-Understanding


Loneliness


The Risk and Resilience Theoretical Framework


Social Competence Interventions


Future Directions for Research


Summary


References


Chapter 5: Self-Regulation and Learning Disabilities


Characteristics of the Whole Learner


Components of Self-Regulated Learning


Self-Regulation and Learning Disabilities: A Summary


Assessment of Aspects of Self-Regulation


Instructional Approaches


Cognitive Education


General Classroom Instruction for Self-Regulation


Concluding Comments and Continuing Questions


Summary


References


Chapter 6: Assessment for Learning


A Classroom Framework for Assessment


Why Assess Learning?


What are We Assessing?


How Do We Assess Learning?


Adapted Conventional Assessment Procedures


Alternative Assessment Procedures


Interpretation of Assessment Information


Conclusions


Summary


References


Chapter 7: Reading


Reading: Word Recognition


Summary of Word Recognition Section


Reading: Reading Comprehension


Summary of Difficulties in Reading Comprehension Experienced by Students with Learning Disabilities


Effective Reading Comprehension Instruction


Implementing Effective Instructional Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities


Improving Students' Comprehension of Narrative Text


Improving Students' Comprehension of Expository Text


Conclusion


Summary


References


Chapter 8: Mathematics


Mathematics


What is Mathematics?


Mathematics Development and Communication


Mathematics and Learning Disabilities


Origins of Mathematics-Learning Disabilities


Summary


References


Chapter 9: Writing Instruction


Prior Training


Instructional Foci


Training


Summary


References


Appendix I


Appendix II. Teaching the Chair Strategy in Opinion Essay Writing


Author Index


Subject Index


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Wong, Bernice
Bernice Wong is Professor Emeritus at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia. Prior to retirement, her passion had been writing intervention research with students with and without learning disabilities. In retirement, her love for writing has transformed from academic writing to short stories about interesting events in her life.
Graham, Lorraine
Hoskyn, Maureen
Berman, Jeanette
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