The Limits of Dream

  • ID: 1764607
  • Book
  • 250 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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The Limits of Dream focuses on what we currently know of the human central nervous system (CNS), examining the basic sciences of neurochemisty, neuroanatomy, and CNS electrophysiology as these sciences apply to dream, then reaching beyond basic science to examine the cognitive science of dreaming including the processes of memory, the perceptual interface, and visual imagery. Building on what is known of intrapersonal CNS processing, the book steps outside the physical body to explore artificially created dreams and their use in filmmaking, art and story, as well as the role of dreaming in creative process and creative "madness.” The limits of our scientific knowledge of dream frame this window that can be used to explore the border between body and mind. What is known scientifically of the cognitive process of dreaming will lead the neuroscientist, the student of cognitive science, and the general reader down different paths than expected into an exploration of the fuzzy and complex horizon between mind and brain.

* The clearest presentation of research and philosophy currently available relating to the mind/brain interface
* Discusses the cognitive processes of dreaming utilized in film and artificial intelligence
* Describes the functioning of dream in the creative process

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Acknowledgements

Preface


Chapter 1 Introduction


Body/Mind


Dreams as Windows


But, Is REM Sleep Dreaming?


The Event Horizon


The Limits of Dream


Section 1 Definitions and the Search for Truth


Chapter 2 Mind/Plato's Cave


Descartes


Limits of the Cartesian Perspective


What is Mind?


Definitions


Psychoanalytic Approaches


Alternative Perspectives


Chapter 3 A Dream can be Gazpacho


Definitions


Section 2 The Biological Substrate of Dream


Chapter 4 The Neuroanatomy of Dreaming


The Neuroanatomy of REMS


The Neuropathology of Dreaming


The Neuroanatomy of Dreaming


Chapter 5 The Neurochemistry of Dreaming


REMS Neurochemistry


Medications Affecting Sleep


Medications Affecting Dreaming


Primary Neurotransmitters Affecting Sleep and Dreaming


Acetylcholine


Norepinephrine


Serotonin


Dopamine


GABA


Neurotransmitter Modulating Systems


Dreaming and Nightmares: Neurotransmitter Systems


Agents Affecting Conscious Interaction with the Environment Anesthetics


Agents Affecting Host Defense


The Neurochemistry of Dreams and Nightmares


Chapter 6 The Electrophysiology of Dreaming


The EEG


Functional Roles for CNS Electrical Fields


Evidence for a Functioning Extracellular Electrical


System in the CNS


Drug Effects


Disease States


The Electrophysiology of Dreams


Chapter 7 The Complexity of Dreams: Neural networks and Consciousness


Biological Applications of Neural Net Theories


The Dreams of Neural Networks


Complexity of the Biologic System


The Limits of Dream


Structure


The Neurological Substrate of Dream


Section 3 Studying the Cognitive Substrate of Dreaming


Chapter 8 Dreams and Sleep: The Substrate Hypothesis


Dream Recall in Insomnia


Insomnia and Nightmare Recall Frequency


The Association Between Sleep and Mind


Chapter 9 Dreaming and Memory


Memory and Dreams


Imagery and Intrinsic Memory


Dream Recall


Dream content


EveryDay Memory and Mind


Dream Use


Memory and Mind


Chapter


The Brain/Computer Interface


Intelligence


Artificial Intelligence


The Perceptual Interface


The Motor Interface


Computation and Thought


Communication


Problem Solving


The Capabilities of Artificial Systems


Section 4 The Cognitive Process of Dreaming


Chapter 11 Emotions and Dream


Frightening Dreams


Emotions and Dreaming


Emotions and Mind


Emotional Dreaming


Chapter 12 Exploring the Visual Interface


Visual Consciousness


The Visual Representation of Space


Imagery


Dream Imagery


Artificial Dream Imagery
Filmmaking


Visual Components of Dreaming


Chapter 13 Thinking and Dreaming


Thinking in Dreams


Bizarreness in Dreams


Associative Thought in Dreams


The Neurological Basis of Thought


Thinking and the Mind


Section 5 The Cognitive Organization of Dreaming


What we know


The Formal Structure of Dreaming


Chapter 14 Hallucinations and Dreams


Dream-Like Phenomena


Parasomnias and Unusual Dreams


Are Dreams Hallucinations?


Chapter 15 Dreaming and Storytelling


The Narrative Structure of Thought


The Mythic Structure of Story


Dreams in Literature


Dreams in Screenplay


The Limits of Dream Imagery


The Power of the Story


Chapter 16 Film: The Projected Dream


Moving Pictures


The Visual Language of Film


Visual Imagery and Film


Apparatus Theory


Film Theory


Section 6 Functional uses for Dreaming


Chapter 17 Creativity


The Gestalt of Creativity


The Creative Personality


Psychoanalytic Creativity


Creativity as Divergent Thinking


The Disorder of Creativity


Dreaming Creatively


Chapter 18 Non-Dreaming or the Use of Dreams in Creativity


Creativity in the Sleep Laboratory


Dream Use and Creative Interest


Non-dreamers


The Creativity of Non-dreamers


Chapter 19 Dream use by Filmmakers


Screenwriters and Their Use of Dreams


Scriptwriting: The Dream-Like Process


Incubating a Screenplay


Dream Use by Directors


Dream Use by Actors


Sundance Interviews: Actors


Sundance Questionnaire Responses: Actors


Summary


Dream Use in the Creative Process


Chapter 20 Dreaming and Artists


Dream Use in Creativity: Psychopathology


Creativity and Dreaming


Borders of Mind


Section 7 Models of Mind and Brain


Chapter 21 Models of Mind = Brain


Transmission-Line Neuro-Processing


AIM


Alternative Monist Theories


Massively Parallel Neuro-Processing


Physiologic CNS Electrical Rhythms


Problems with Monists


Chapter 22 Mind not Brain: The Cartesian Psychoanalyst


Diseases of the Mind: The Psychoanalytic Approach


The Limitations of Psychoanalysis in the Diagnosis


Treatment of Psychiatric Illness


Psychoanalysis and the Structure of Mind


Cartesian Psychoanalysis


The Psychoanalytic Perspective of Mind


The Cartesian Psychoanalyst


Chapter 23 Viewing the Border Between Brain and Mind: A Modified Cartesian Perspective


Modified Cartesian Models


Visualizing the Mind/Brain Border


Dreaming Across the Border


Chapter 24 The Limits of Dream


Brain-Based Correlates of Mind


Mind-Based Cognitive Processes


The Limits of Knowledge: Borders


References


Index
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Pagel, J. F.
JF Pagel has authored more than 170 publications. His basic research addressed the electrophysiology of consciousness, the neurochemistry of sleep and dream, and the role of REM sleep in learning and memory. His clinical work includes proofs for non-dreaming and the requirement of sleep for dream and nightmare, the diagnostic code for nightmare disorder, a definition protocol for dream, and demonstrations that REM sleep and dreaming are doubly dissociable. He has developed approaches to treating insomnia, sleep & altitude, narcolepsy, pediatric parasomnias, and waking somnolence, as well as addressing dream and nightmare use in trauma, art, creativity and filmmaking. He is co-editor of one of the major sleep-medicine texts: Primary Care Sleep Disorders (2007/ 2014). His books include: The Limits of Dream - A Scientific Exploration of the Mind /Brain Interface (2007), Dreaming and Nightmares (ed.) (2010), and Dream Science - Exploring the Forms of Consciousness (2014).
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