Roughly a century has passed after the first ideas by Oliver Lodge, George Francis Fitzgerald and Kristan Birkeland about particle clouds emanating from the Sun and interacting with the Earth environment. Only a few decades after the formulation of the concepts of a continuous solar corpuscular radiation by Ludwig Bierman and a solar wind by Eugene Parker, heliospheric physics has evolved into an important branch of astrophysical research. Numerous spacecraft missions have increased the knowledge about the heliosphere tremendously. Now, at the beginning of a new millenium it seems possible, by newly developed propulasion technologies to send a spacecraft beyond the boundaries of the heliosphere. Such an Interstellar Proce will start the in-situ exploration of interstellar space and, thus, can be considered as the first true astrophysical spacecraft. The year 2000 appeared to be a highly welcome occassion to review the achievements since the last COSPAR Colloquia 11 years ago, to summarize the present developments and to give new impulse for future activities in heliospheric research.
Proceedings of the COSPAR colloquium.
held in Potsdam, Germany, 24-28 July 2000.
Session 1. Large Scale Structure.
Session 2. Heliospheric and Interstellar Connections.
Session 3. Messengers from Outside.
Session 4. Echoes from the Heliopause.
Session 5. The Heliosphere and Galaxy.
Session 6. View of Space Agencies and Companies.
Session 7. At the Edge of the Solar System.
Session 8. New Kinetic Aspects of Heliospheric Physics.
Session 9. Modern Heliospheric Spacecraft and Missions.
Session 10. Modern Heliospheric Technologies.
Session 11. Connections to Earth.
Session 12. Miscellaneous.
List of Participants.