The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis.
- Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject
- Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field
- Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback
Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Tsunami Generation and Historical Aspects Chapter 3: Tsunami Databases Chapter 4: Geophysical Tsunami Hydrodynamics Chapter 5: Impact of a Tsunami on Coastal and Island Habitats Chapter 6: The Protective Role of Coastal Ecosystems Chapter 7: Earthquake Detection and Monitoring for Early Warnings of Seismogenic Tsunamis Chapter 8: Numerical Models for Forecasting Chapter 9: The Role of IOC-UNESCO in Tsunami Early Warnings Chapter 10: Earthquake Monitoring for Early Tsunami Warnings Chapter 11: Open Ocean Tsunami Detection Chapter 12: Land-Based Measurements of Inundation to Confirm Tsunamigenesis Chapter 13: The Technology of End-to-End Communication: Sending the Message Chapter 14: IOC-UNESCO Tsunami Early Warning Systems Chapter 15: Technological Challenges In Detecting Tsunamis Chapter 16: Sea-Level Measurements From Coasts and Islands Chapter 17: Sea Level Measurements From Deep-Sea Regions Chapter 18: Telemetry of Sea-Level Data Chapter 19: Evaluating and Assessing Tsunamis Technologies Chapter 20: Extracting Tsunami Signals From Sea-Level Records Chapter 21: Conclusions References Bibliography Index
Antony Joseph has an oceanographic career of about 36 years. He has worked at POL (UK), where part of his Ph.D work was carried out. He lead the establishment of a sea-level station at the central east Atlantic coast, the data from which, in the absence of other data from this region, became highly valuable in understanding the global extent of the December 2004 global tsunami. His contribution enables real-time Internet viewing of data in graphical format (http://inet.nio.org). He authored two Elsevier books: (1) Tsunamis, (2) Measuring Ocean Currents; published chapters in books, articles in Encyclopedias, research papers in journals; and interacted with the public through print and audiovisual communication medias.