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Hydraulic Fluids

  • ID: 1766289
  • Book
  • 167 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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* Reviews the development of modern hydraulic fluids
* Discusses the application and selection of hydraulic fluids through the investigation of their physical and chemical properties related to the operational requirements.
* Offers guidance on suitable maintenance routines

Since the first use of water as a hydraulic medium in the late 18th century, hydraulics has become an indispensable discipline of engineering science. Enormous technological advances have been made in the intervening years, but this has not been reflected in the available literature on the numerous fluids involved.

Based on 40 years of experience with Shell in Norway, this reference text brings together a comprehensive coverage of the behaviour and selection of hydraulic fluids. It includes a full analysis of recent advances in synthetic oils - media which will inevitably become more dominant as natural products become more scarce.

Hydraulic Fluids provides an overview that both students and professionals involved with hydraulics, whether concerned with the mechanical components or system design or selection and maintenance of the fluids themselves, will refer to again and again as it provides relevant information on all the major hydraulic fluids in a single volume.

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Glosary * (1) Introduction
Basic principles of hydraulics
Energy considerations * (2) Types of hydraulic media
The ideal hydraulic media * (3) Mineral base oils
Composition of mineral oils
Chemical nature * (4) Additives * (5) Synthetic oils
Types of synthetic oil
Synthetic hydrocarbons
Organic esters
Phosphate esters
Fluoroethers * (6) Rheology
Low temperature flow properties
Temperature dependence of viscosity
Shear stability
Pressure dependence of viscosity * (7) Compressibility
Secant bulk modulus
Tangent bulk modulus
Effect of air on bulk modulus
Low bulk moduli fluids
Thermal properties * (8) Anti-wear properties * (9) Oxidation stability * (10) Demulsibility * (11) Aeration problems
Diagnosis and treatment of aeration problems * (12) Filterability
Filterability test procedures * (13) Specifications
Requirements * (14) Hydraulic fluids for military and aerospace applications
Aircraft and aerospace
Combat vehicles and artillery
Naval vessels * (15) Selection of a suitable hydraulic fluid * (16) Test methods for hydraulic media
Physical-chemical properties
mechanical testing * (17) Contamination
What impurities are involved? * Where do the impurities originate? * (18) Deterioration and maintenance
Flushing * (19) Analysis of used hydraulic oil
Inerpretaion of the test results
Condition monitoring and oil change * (20) Fire-resistant fluids
Conversion of existing systems to fire-resistant fluids
Maintenance of fire-resistant fluids * (21) Hydraulic brake fluids * (22) Future perspectives * (23) Health and safety
Skin contact
Eye contact
Materials safety data sheet * (24) Hydraulic fluids and the environment
What is biodegradability
Determination of biodegradability
Biodegradable hydraulic media
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
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Hodges, Peter
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