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Marine Ecology of the Arabian Region

  • ID: 1767757
  • Book
  • March 1992
  • 359 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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That part of the Indian Ocean bordering Saudi Arabia is a rich mosaic of coastal and marine ecosystems, both natural and man-made. Among these are coral reefs, mangroves, tidal flats, seagrasses, and other hard and soft substrata. Some ecosystems are relatively simple, while others such as the coral reefs are highly complex and among the most diverse in the Indian Ocean. The region divides into several large, semi-enclosed water bodies whose different physical characteristics result in distinct habitats. The overall aridity, extremes of water temperature, and often very high salinities have produced some of the most extreme marine climates on Earth.
This book summarizes the available information on the region, then reviews the processes shaping the various marine and coastal systems. It relates patterns in marine assemblages to the strong environmental gradients and biogeographic barriers in the region. Finally, the book considers the human dimension. Some of the world's poorest and richest nations border these seas, making diverse claims on fisheries and other natural resources. The 1991 Gulf War is only the most recent of a range of impacts affecting the region. Approaches for resolving the increasing resource use conflicts are described.
This volume will be of immense value to research workers, students of marine biology, and environmental managers in general, as well as to those with a particular interest in this part of the world.

- One of the few published works on this unique and diverse region- Serves as a basic introduction to the area- Provides a detailed analysis of ecosystem function- Discusses human pollution and its effects

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Origins and the Marine Climate: Origins, Geography, and substrates in the Arabian Area.
The Marine Climate.
Marine Ecosystems: Reefs and Coral Communities.
Coral Reef Fish Assemblages.
Other Arabian Reef Components and Processes.
Seaweeds and Seasonality in Arabian Seas.
Seagrasses and Dynamic Substrates.
Inter-Tidal Areas.
Inter-Tidal Areas 2.
Marshes, Sabkha, and Beaches.
The Pelagic System.
Synthesis: Marine Biogeography of the Arabian Region.
Ecosystem Responses to Extreme Natural Stresses.
Use and Management: Arabian Fisheries.
Human Use and Environmental Pressures.
Coastal Zone Management.
Origins and Geography of the Marine Area.
The Marine Climate.
Benthic Ecosystems and Their Distributions.
Coral Reefs.
Mangroves and Marsh Plants.
Seagrass Meadows.
Pelagic Communities and Fisheries.
Human Involvements in the Marine Ecosystems and Resources.
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Sheppard, Charles J.R.
Price, Andrew
Roberts, Callum
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