No Code Required presents the various design, system architectures, research methodologies, and evaluation strategies that are used by end users programming on the Web. It also presents the tools that will allow users to participate in the creation of their own Web.
Comprised of seven parts, the book provides basic information about the field of end-user programming. Part 1 points out that the Firefox browser is one of the differentiating factors considered for end-user programming on the Web. Part 2 discusses the automation and customization of the Web. Part 3 covers the different approaches to proposing a specialized platform for creating a new Web browser. Part 4 discusses three systems that focus on the customized tools that will be used by the end users in exploring large amounts of data on the Web. Part 5 explains the role of natural language in the end-user programming systems. Part 6 provides an overview of the assumptions on the accessibility of the Web site owners of the Web content. Lastly, Part 7 offers the idea of the Web-active end user, an individual who is seeking new technologies.
- The first book since Web 2.0 that covers the latest research, development, and systems emerging from HCI research labs on end user programming tools
- Featuring contributions from the creators of Adobe's Zoetrope and Intel's Mash Maker, discussing test results, implementation, feedback, and ways forward in this booming area
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- End User Programming on the Web Allen Cypher (IBM)- Why We Customize the Web Robert Miller (MIT)
I. End User Programming Languages for the Web
- Sloppy Programming Greg Little (MIT) - Mixing the reactive with the personal: Opportunities for end user programming in Personal information management (system) Max Van Kleek (MIT) - Going beyond PBD: A Play-by-Play and Mixed-initiative Approach (system) Hyuckchul Jung (Institute for Human and Machine Cognition) - Rewriting the Web with Chickenfoot (system) Robert Miller (MIT) - A Goal-Oriented Web Browser (system) Alexander Faaborg (Mozilla)
II. Systems and Applications
- Clip, Connect, Clone: Combining Application Elements to Build Custom Interfaces for Information Access (system) Jun Fujima (Hokkaido) - Mash Maker (system) Robert Ennals (Intel)- Collaborative scripting on the web (system) Tessa Lau (IBM) - Programming by a Sample: Rapidly Creating Web Applications with d.mix (system) Björn Hartmann (Stanford)- Highlight: End User Mobilization of Existing Web Sites (system) Jeffrey Nichols (IBM)- Subjunctive Interfaces for the Web Aran Lunzer (University of Copenhagen) - From Web Summaries to Search Templates: Automation for Personal Web Content (system) Mira Dontcheva (Adobe Systems) - Access to the Temporal Web Through Zoetrope (system) Eytan Adar (University of Washington)- Enabling End Users to Independently Build Accessibility into the Web Jeffrey Bigham (University of Washington) - Social Accessibility: A Collaborative Approach For Improving Web Accessibility (system) Yevgen Borodin (Stony Brook)
III. Data Management and Interoperability
- A World Wider than the Web: End User Programming Across Multiple Domains (system) Will Haines (SRI) - Knowing What You're Talking About: Natural Language Programming of a Multi-Player Online Game (system) Henry Lieberman (MIT)
IV. User Studies
- Mashups for Web-Active End Users Nan Zang (Penn State) - Mashed layers and muddled models: debugging mashup applications M. Cameron Jones (Yahoo!) - Reuse in the world of end-user programmers Christopher Scaffidi (CMU) - Using Web Search to Write Programs Joel Brandt (Stanford)
Allen has provided, substantial contributions in the research, design, and implementation of innovative end-user applications. His primary interest is in creating simple interfaces for complex tasks, including intelligent interfaces, customizable software, user interface design, software design, and instruction. Edited the book "Watch What I Do: Programming by Demonstration", which was published by MIT Press in 1993 (~3000 sold). He has created several successful end-user programming systems: Eager, Stagecast Creator, and CoScripter. Ph.D. Computer Science, Yale University, A.B. A.B. Mathematics, Princeton University.
Mira has been building web summarization and customization systems since 2005. Mira is interested in a variety of problems including managing, sharing, and repurposing Web content and visualizing heterogenous data. Her dissertation work was on interaction techniques for semi-automatic gathering and customization of web content. Mira is interested in creating systems that allow users to access the information they need quickly and easily. Ph.D. in Computer Science, University of Washington.
Tessa has been doing research on end user programming since 1997, resulting in more than a dozen technical papers on the various aspects of EUP. Tessa's research goal is to develop innovative interfaces for enhancing human productivity and creativity through the use of techniques drawn from artificial intelligence. Her research interests include intelligent user interfaces, machine learning, artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, programming by demonstration, and email classification. She also contributed a chapter about her SMARTedit system to the second EUP book, "Your Wish Is My Command. PhD, University of Washington's Department of CS&E.
Jeffrey currently leads the Highlight project, which is building technology that allows users to easily create their own mobile versions of existing web sites. His research interests are in the field of human-computer interaction, with a specific focus on automated design, mobile computing, end-user programming, and ubiquitous computing. He received his Ph.D. in December 2006 from the Human-Computer Interaction Institute in Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science. His thesis described the first system to automatically generate interfaces that are consistent with a user's previous experience and provided the first evidence from user studies that automatically generated interfaces can be more usable than human-designed interfaces in certain situations. He received a BS degree in computer engineering from the University of Washington in 2000.