The current research into solitons and their use in fiber optic communications is very important to the future of communications. Since the advent of computer networking and high speed data transmission technology people have been striving to develop faster and more reliable communications media. Optical pulses tend to broaden over relatively short distances due to dispersion, but solitons on the other hand are not as susceptible to the effects of dispersion, and although they are subject to losses due to attenuation they can be amplified without being received and re-transmitted.
This book is the first to provide a thorough overview of optical solitons. The main purpose of this book is to present the rapidly developing field of Spatial Optical Solitons starting from the basic concepts of light self-focusing and self-trapping. It will introduce the fundamental concepts of the theory of nonlinear waves and solitons in non-integrated but physically realistic models of nonlinear optics including their stability and dynamics. Also, it will summarize a number of important experimental verification of the basic theoretical predictions and concepts covering the observation of self-focusing in the earlier days of nonlinear optics and the most recent experimental results on spatial solitons, vortex solitons, and soliton interaction & spiraling.
* Introduces the fundamental concepts of the theory of nonlinear waves and solitons through realistic models
* Material is based on authors' years of experience actively working in and researching the field
* Summarizes the most important experimental verification of the basic theories, predictions and concepts of this ever evolving field from the earliest studies to the most recent
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2. Spatial Solitons
3. Temporal Solitons
4. Dark Solitons
5. Bragg Solitons
6. Two-Dimensional Solitons
7. Spatiotemporal Solitons
8. Vortex Solitons
9. Vector Solitons
10. Parametric Solitons
11. Discrete Solitons
12. Solitons in Photonic Crystals
13. Incoherent Solitons
14. Related Concepts
Govind P. Agrawal was born on July 24, 1951 in the town of Kashipur of the Nainital district in U.P. He received his B.Sc. degree from the University of Lucknow in 1969 with honors. He was awarded a gold medal for achieving the top position in the university. Govind joined the Indian Institute of Technology at New Delhi in 1969 and received the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in 1971 and 1974, respectively.After holding positions at the Ecole Polytechnique (France), the City University of New York, and the Laser company, Quantel, Orsay, France, Dr. Agrawal joined in 1981 the technical staff of the world-famous AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J., USA, where he worked on problems related to the development of semiconductor lasers and fiber-optic communication systems. He joined in 1989 the faculty of the Institute of Optics at the University of Rochester where he is a Professor of Optics. His research interests focus on quantum electronics, nonlinear optics, and optical communications. In particular, he has contributed significantly to the fields of semiconductor lasers, nonlinear fiber optics, and optical communications. He is an author or co-author of more than 250 research papers, several book chapters and review articles, and four books entitled "Semiconductor Lasers" (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 2nd ed. 1993), "Nonlinear Fiber Optics" (Academic Press, 3rd ed. 2001), "Fiber-Optic Communication Systems" (Wiley, 2nd ed. 1997), and "Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics" (Academic Press, 2001). He has also edited the books "Contemporary Nonlinear Optics" (Academic Press, 1992) and "Semiconductor Lasers: Past, Present and Future" (AIP Press, 1995). The books authored by Dr. Agrawal have influenced an entire generation of scientists. Several of them have been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Greek, and Russian.