This authoritative text enables readers to grasp the basic principles of still image and video compression methods as well as the current and popular compression standards, such as JPEG, MPEG, and Advanced Video Coding (AVC). Written in clear language and with minimal mathematical derivations, it allows readers to gain practical experience in simulating actual compression systems via the globally popular MATLAB software platform.
The book first introduces qualitatively the plethora of image compression methods available followed by image acquisition techniques, illustrating the design of uniform and non–uniform quantizers. Next, various image transforms such as the discrete cosine (dct) and discrete wavelet (dwt) are explained. Predictive coding—a core ingredient in various compression standards—is reviewed, along with lossless compression methods. Then follow chapters on still image compression schemes using DCT and wavelets (where JPEG and JPEG2000 standards for still image compression are described) and video coding principles. Finally, the book explains video compression standards such as MPEG–1, 2, and 4 as well as H.264 (AVC), and covers video compression in a wireless environment.
Each chapter contains problems of varying difficulty—both analytical and software–oriented—and powerful simulation examples using MATLAB code to provide hands–on experience in applying various compression techniques. The code is simple enough to be easily modified to suit a reader′s particular application. Many examples are accompanied by real–world pictures that illustrate the specific effect of a compression scheme. These unique features make this comprehensive resource an ideal textbook for senior and first–year graduate students in courses in image processing and compression in electrical engineering and computer science. It is also a concise hands–on reference for professionals and practicing engineers.
1.1 What is Source Coding?
1.2 Why is Compression Necessary?
1.3 Image and Video Compression Techniques.
1.4 Video Compression Standards.
1.5 Organization of the Book.
2 Image Acquisition.
2.2 Sampling a Continuous Image.
2.3 Image Quantization.
2.4 Color Image Representation.
3 Image Transforms.
3.2 Unitary Transforms.
3.3 Karhunen–Loeve Transform.
3.4 Properties of Unitary Transforms.
4 Discrete Wavelet Transform.
4.2 Continuous Wavelet Transform.
4.3 Wavelet Series.
4.4 Discrete Wavelet Transform.
4.5 Efficient Implementation of 1D DWT.
4.6 Scaling and Wavelet Filters.
4.7 Two–Dimensional DWT.
4.8 Energy Compaction Property.
4.9 Integer or Reversible Wavelet.
5 Lossless Coding.
5.2 Information Theory.
5.3 Huffman Coding.
5.4 Arithmetic Coding.
5.5 Golomb–Rice Coding.
5.6 Run–Length Coding.
6 Predictive Coding.
6.2 Design of a DPCM.
6.3 Adaptive DPCM.
7 Image Compression in the Transform Domain.
7.2 Basic Idea Behind Transform Coding.
7.3 Coding Gain of a Transform Coder.
7.4 JPEG Compression.
7.5 Compression of Color Images.
7.6 Blocking Artifact.
7.7 Variable Block Size DCT Coding.
8 Image Compression in the Wavelet Domain.
8.2 Design of a DWT Coder.
8.3 Zero–Tree Coding.
8.5 Digital Cinema.
9 Basics of Video Compression.
9.2 Video Coding.
9.3 Stereo Image Compression.
10 Video Compression Standards.
10.2 MPEG–1 and MPEG–2 Standards.