With concerns for sustainability rapidly changing the technological playing field, the romanticized depiction of architects as solitary artists confined to their drafting tables is becoming a thing of the past. More than ever, today′s architects must assume a leadership role in collaborative design that involves many professional interactions. This requires that architects have an all–inclusive understanding of the environmental concerns influencing their designs.
Comprehensive and broad in scope, this designer–friendly guide delivers solid fundamentals from a historical perspective, covering environmental design topics that range from lighting, acoustics, thermal control, and plumbing to fire protection egress, elevators, and escalators. It shows how the interconnection between science and aesthetics holds the key to creating buildings that are structurally enduring and socially responsible. This book:
Gives an understanding of the principles of various environmental issues without getting bogged down in engineering specifics
Is illustrated throughout with photographs and drawings
Includes a companion Web site with PowerPoint presentations
Enables designers to communicate and coordinate effectively with specialists in HVAC, electrical systems, lighting, plumbing, and acoustics
Environmental Issues for Architecture provides architecture and interior design students with the larger picture without overwhelming them with details. Exploring subjects that are not emphasized in traditional classrooms, this timely book shows how architects and designers can successfully transform their ideas in ways that allow them to expand their professional services and play a more important role in the building process.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION.
THE INTENTIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN.
Chapter 2 LIGHTING PRINCIPLES.
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF LIGHTING.
PURPOSE OF ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING.
PHYSICAL NATURE OF LIGHT.
BASIC SOURCES OF INTERIOR LIGHTING.
Chapter 3 LIGHTING CALCULATIONS.
LIGHTING CALCULATION PROCEDURES.
ZONAL CAVITY CALCULATIONS.
LIGHTING CALCULATIONS EXAMPLES.
Chapter 4 DAYLIGHTING.
DESIGN INTENTIONS FOR DAYLIGHTING.
Chapter 5 ACOUSTICS.
PHYSICS OF SOUND.
Chapter 6 THE THERMAL ENVIRONMENT.
THEORY OF HEAT: AN HISTORIC REVIEW.
Chapter 7 THERMAL CALCULATIONS.
ANNUAL HEATING DEMAND.
Chapter 8 HISTORIC REVIEW.
HISTORY OF HEATING.
HISTORY OF COOLING.
Chapter 9 ECS DESIGN INTENTIONS.
ARCHITECTURAL VERSUS MECHANICAL CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENT.
THE BEST ECS.
Chapter 10 ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEMS.
CATEGORIES OF ECS.
HEAT GENERATION PROCESS.
HYDRONIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS.
HYDRONIC TRANSFER UNITS.
AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS.
AIR SYSTEM SUBZONE CONTROL.
OVERALL SYSTEM SIZING AND SELECTION.
PASSIVE SOLAR SYSTEM.
Chapter 11 PLUMBING.
PLUMBING SUPPLY FIXTURES.
Chapter 12 ELECTRICITY.
SOURCES OF ELECTRIC POWER.
ELECTRICAL TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION.
GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR RESIDENTIAL APPLICATIONS.
Chapter 13 FIRE PROTECTION AND EGRESS.
FIRE SAFETY EGRESS STAIRS.
FIRE CONTROL PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION.
Chapter 14 ELEVATORS AND ESCALATORS.
ELEVATOR SYSTEM DESIGN.