These two quotations from famous, Nobel Prize winning chemists amply demonstrate the challenges that female scientists in the past centuries have had to overcome; challenges that are still sometimes faced by the current generation. They "must have the noblest courage, quite extraordinary talents and superior genius" wrote Carl Friedrich Gauss 1807 in a letter to mathematician Sophie Germain.
For the official book to celebrate the International Year of Chemistry, the European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS) has chosen one of the central goals of the International Year: the contribution and role of women in chemistry. This celebration, which is the focus of European Women in Chemistry, takes us on a journey through centuries of chemical research, focusing on the lives of those amazing women from ancient times to the current day who dared to study this subject, often against advice or societal expectations.
These portraits emphasize the extraordinary path and personality of these fascinating women, their major contribution to chemistry, but all in the context of their time and social environment. Some of these women, like Marie Curie and Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgin, are famous and still well–known today. Others have contributed significantly to the development of science and lived an exceptional life, but are nowadays almost forgotten. This book is a tribute to all of them and a motivation for new generations to come to tread new paths, fight for unusual ideas and control one′s own destiny.
Cleopatra the Alchemist
Anna, Princess of Denmark and Norway, Electress of Saxony (1532–1585)
Marie Meurdac (1600s)
Emilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (1706–1749)
Marie Lavoisier (1758–1836)
Jane Haldimand Marcet (1769–1858)
Julia Lermontova (1846–1919)
Martha Annie Whiteley (1866–1956)
Agnes Pockels (1862–1935)
Marie Sklodowska–Curie (1867–1934)
Clara Immerwahr (1870–1915)
Maria Bakunin (1873–1960)
Margarethe von Wrangell, Fürstin Andronikow (1876–1932)
Lina Solomonovna Shtern (also Stern, Schtern) (1878–1968)
Gertrud Johanna Woker (1878–1968)
Lise Meitner (1878–1968)
Stephanie Horovitz (1887–1942)
Irén Júlia Götz–Dienes (1889–1941)
Erzsébet (Elisabeth) Róna (1890–1981)
Gertrud Kornfeld (1891–1955)
Dorothy Maud Wrinch (1984–1976)
Hertha (Herta) Sponer (1895–1968)
Gerty Theresa Cori (1896–1957)
Ida Noddack–Tacke (1896–1978)
Ilona Kelp–Kabay (1897–1970)
Irène Joliot–Curie (1897–1956)
Maria Kobel (1897–1996)
Katherine Burr Blodgett (1898–1979)
Antonia Eliszabeth (Toos) Korvezee (1899–1978)
Mária de Telkes (1900–1995)
Erika Cremer (1900–1996)
Elisa Ghigi (1902–1987)
Kathleen Lonsdale (née Yardley) (1903–1971)
Marthe Louise Vogt (1903–2003)
Caroline Henriette MacGillavry (1904–1993)
Lucia de Brouckère (1904–1982)
Berta Karlik (1904–1990)
Elsie May Widdowson (1906–2000)
Boguslawa Jezowska–Trzebiatowska (1908–1991)
Yvette Cauchois (1908–1999)
Marguerite Catherine Perey (1909–1994)
Dorothy Crawfoot Hodgkin (1910–1990)
Ulla Hamberg (1918–1985)
Rosalind Franklin (1920–1958)
Jacqueline Ficini (1923–1988)
Andrée Marquet (1934–)
Anna Laura Segre (1938–2008)
Ada Yonath (1939–)
Helga Rübsamen–Schaeff (1949–)
Katharina Landfester (1969–)
Wiley-VCH and EuCheMS is proud to announce the publication of a highly accessible collection of short profiles, featuring over 50 of the most outstanding European women chemists. Dating back to ancient times, this comprehensive collection includes early pioneers such as Mary the Jewess and features chemists up to present day such as Nobel Laureate, Ada Yonath.
European Women in Chemistry highlights over fifty remarkable women who have been pioneers as women in science and in the vanguard of the development of chemistry. It looks not only at the scientific story, but the personal sacrifices and societal opposition that many of these great women scientists had to overcome to make their mark in the early days of chemistry.
The book covers the major contributions that these women have brought to chemistry, from developments in crystallography, elucidation of the structure of ribosome and the discovery of DNA and radiation. Many of their discoveries were ground breaking, award winning and set chemistry on new paths. The women profiled in European Women in Chemistry range from the famous and well-known figures, such as Nobel Laureates Marie Curie, Ada Yonath, Irene Joliot-Curie and Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, to women whose reputations are not so well known, but whose contributions have been vital to the field.
Written as a tribute to women chemists, European Women in Chemistry serves as an inspiration for up and coming chemists, as they too develop their careers and research in the 21st century.
The year 2011 coincides with the 100th anniversary of the Nobel Prize awarded to Madame Marie Curie. It is an opportunity to celebrate the contributions of women to science, and to introduce the International Year of Chemistry (IYC 2011). IYC 2011 commences in Paris this January, and is a worldwide celebration of the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind.
“Women in Chemistry” is a main theme of IYC 2011, and a global networking event titled “Women Sharing a Chemical Moment in Time,” will be held on January 18th. The event aims to link women chemists around the world and to celebrate the pivotal role of Marie Curie in chemistry.
European Women in Chemistry is the official book of EuCheMS societies for the International Year of Chemistry.