Coal Industry in China

  • ID: 1991885
  • Report
  • Region: China
  • 200 Pages
  • Taiyou Research
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China is the largest consumer of coal in the world. Approximately 80% of China's coal resources are located in mountainous regions far away from the industrial centers.

China is ranked third in the world in terms of total coal reserves behind the United States and Russia. Most reserves are located in the north and north-west of the country, which poses a large logistical problem for supplying electricity to the more heavily populated coastal areas. China's own demand, together with tight global supplies and long-term projections of correspondingly firm coal prices all bode well for the Chinese coal sector. But if coal's central place in China's future remains a constant, there is less certainty as to the role foreign firms will be able to play.

Coal accounts for about 70% of China's total energy consumption. The development and production of the coal industry provides stability in China's economic growth. China is soon to become the largest consumer of coal derived electricity as well. China's coal mining industry is one of the largest as well as the deadliest in terms of human safety standards as thousands of people lose their lives every year in coal pits itself.

Major players in the industry include China National Coal Group Corporation, Shanxi Coking Co., China Coal Energy Company, amongst others.

One of the major challenges facing China is the transportation of coal from the producing regions, mostly located in the North Western regions, to regions with the highest demand, mostly situated in the coastal regions. Coal is by far the biggest commodity transported within China, accounting for over 40% of all Chinese rail freight, 20% of road freight and nearly 25% of waterborne freight.

Coal burning in China is having a significant impact on the physical environment, as well as the population in China and the overall world atmosphere. It’s been predicted that by the year 2025, China will emit more carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide, two products from coal burning, than the United States, Japan and Canada combined. In place of capital investment, foreign companies now are focusing on business opportunities in helping Chinese coal mines improve their efficiency, raise their environmental standards and rectify their safety records.

In this industry scenario, Taiyou Research analyzes the Coal Industry in China.

Divided into four chapters, here's looking at what Chapter 1 contains.

- An analysis of the basics of coal including how coal is formed, the various types of coal, the uses of coal as a primary fuel source and the role of coal in the global energy mix.

- An analysis of the global coal market, including industry definition, industry statistics, market value and volume analysis, coal production and consumptions statistics, industry segmentation, the role of coal in providing energy security for a country and an industry outlook that is segmented according to countries.

In Chapter 2 of the report Coal Industry in China, we analyze the Chinese Coal Industry. The chapter includes the following:

- A market profile of the coal industry in China, complete with market statistics, coal production and consumption data, coal resources and reserves data, a look at the coal production bases in China, market value and volume, industry segmentation, etc.

- Industry structure, coal supply statistics, and coal import/export statistics are also analyzed in this section, along with an analysis of coal contract and spot prices in China.

- An analysis of the rampant grey market for coal in China is also included in the report.

- We analyze industry reforms in the industry through the development of coal mines in China, reforms in coal prices, the reform of government institutions and the government's role in the coal industry are discussed.

- Coal demand in the country segregated by industries is included in the report. Industries analyzed include electricity generation, chemicals, construction, metallurgical and others.

- Transportation of coal in China is analyzed through the various routes, that is, by rail, by sea and by road.

- The regulatory framework and the impact of the recent Five Year Plans on the Chinese coal industry are analyzed.

- We analyze the Coal Industry in China in a Porter's Five Forces Analysis. In this section, we analyze the strengths of buyers and suppliers, the competitive rivalry present in the industry and the threat of new entrants in the industry, along with the threat of substitutes, which in the case of coal, is the many options available for renewable energy.

- Coal mine production in China is also analyzed, including the characteristics of Chinese coal mining, market value and volume analysis, industry segmentation, industry competition and the lack of reforms in the coal mining industry in China.

- We also carry out a comparative analysis of the coal industries in China and India.

In Chapter 3, we analyze the major players in the Chinese coal industry.

Concluding the report is chapter 4, which carries an appendix and a glossary of terms.

This cutting-edge research offering from Taiyou Research is a comprehensive coverage of the Coal Industry in China.
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Chapter 1: Analysis of the Global Coal Industry

1. Basics of Coal
1.1 Introduction
1.2 How is Coal Formed?
1.3 Types of Coal
1.4 Uses of Coal
1.4.1 Coal as Fuel
1.4.2 Coking Coal
1.4.3 Producing Syngas from Coal
1.4.4 Producing Liquid Fuels from Coal
1.4.5 Industrial Processes

2. Coal in the Global Energy Mix

3. Global Coal Market
3.1 Industry Definition
3.2 Industry Statistics
3.3 Market Value & Volume
3.4 Coal Production
3.5 Coal Consumption
3.6 Industry Segmentation
3.7 Energy Security & Coal
3.8 Industry Outlook
3.8.1 Global Market
3.8.2 Australia
3.8.3 China
3.8.4 India
3.8.5 Indonesia
3.8.6 Russia
3.8.7 United States

Chapter 2: Analysis of the Coal Industry in China

1. Coal Industry in China
1.1 Market Profile
1.2 Coal Resources & Reserves
1.3 Coal Production Bases
1.4 Market Value & Volume
1.5 Industry Segmentation
1.6 Industry Structure
1.6.1 Coal Enterprise Types
1.6.2 Cost Comparison of Producers
1.7 Coal Consumption Statistics
1.8 Coal Production Statistics
1.9 Coal Supply
1.10 Coal Trade
1.10.1 Exports
1.10.2 Imports
1.11 Coal Contract & Spot Prices in China
1.12 Existence of Coal Grey Market

2. Industry Reforms
2.1 Encouraging the Development of Town and Village Coal Mines
2.2 Reforms in Coal Prices
2.3 Reform of Government Institutions
2.4 Reform of the State-owned Key Coal Mines
2.5 Closure of Illegal Small-Scale Coal Mines
2.6 Government’s Role in the Industry

3. Coal Demand by Industry
3.1 Overview of Coal Consumption
3.2 Electricity Generation
3.3 Chemicals
3.3.1 Coking
3.3.2 Coal-to-Liquid (CTL)
3.3.3 Development of Coal Chemicals
3.4 Construction
3.5 Iron & Steel Industry
3.6 Others

4. Coal Transport in China
4.1 Overview
4.2 Coal Transport Corridors in China
4.2.1 North to South Corridors
4.2.2 West to East Corridor
4.3 Coal Transport by Rail
4.4 Coal Transport by Sea
4.5 Coal Transportation by Road
4.6 Coal Pipelines
4.7 Government’s Role in Coal Transportation
4.8 Future of Coal Transportation in China

5. Regulatory Framework & the Five Year Plans 120
5.1 11th Five Year Plan
5.2 12th Five Year Plan
5.3 Coal Industry Policy

6. Coal Industry in China: Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Power of Buyers
6.3 Power of Suppliers
6.4 Competitive Rivalry
6.5 New Entrants in the Industry
6.6 Presence of Substitutes

7. Coal Mine Production in China
7.1 Market Profile
7.2 Features of Chinese Coal Mining
7.3 Market Value & Volume
7.4 Industry Segmentation
7.5 Industry Competition
7.6 No Government Reforms in the Industry
7.7 Industry Forecast

8. Case Study: Coal Industry in Shanxi

9. Case Study: Comparing the Coal Industries of China & India

10. Industry Forecast
10.1 Coal in China: Market Forecast
10.2 Future of Coal and Impact on China’s Climate

Chapter 3: Analysis of Major Players

1. China Shenhua Energy Company Limited
1.1 Company Overview
1.1 Business Segments
1.1 Major Products & Services
1.1 Financial Analysis
1.1 Market Performance
1.1 SWOT Analysis

2. China Coal Energy Company Limited

3. China National Coal Group Corporation

4. China Resources Power Holdings Co. Ltd.

5. Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co., Ltd

6. Henan Shenhuo Coal &Power Co., Ltd

7. Inner Mongolia Yitai Coal Company Ltd.

8. Shanxi Xishan Coal and Electricity Power

9. SinoCoking Coal and Coke Chem Industries, Inc.

10. Taiyuan Coal Gasification Company, Ltd

11. Yanzhou Coal Mining Company Limited

12. Zhengzhou Coal Industry & Electric Power

Chapter 4: Conclusion

1. Appendix

2. Glossary

List of Figures

Figure 1: World Energy Mix: Primary Energy Consumption and & Electricity Generation
Figure 2: Current Reserve to Production Ratio in Years
Figure 3: Global Distribution of Fossil Fuels
Figure 4: Coal Consumption by Country, 2010
Figure 5: Global Coal Industry Reserves-to-Production (R/P) Ratios
Figure 6: Distribution of Proved Reserves of Coal in 1990, 2000, 2010
Figure 7: Global Coal Production by Region
Figure 8: Global Consumption of Coal by Region
Figure 9: Value of the Global Coal Market (USD Billion), 2006-2010
Figure 10: Volume of the Global Coal Market (Billion Short Tons), 2006-2010
Figure 11: Market Segmentation of the Global Coal Industry, 2010
Figure 12: Forecast for Global Coal Production
Figure 13: Forecast of the Global Coal Market (USD Billion) 2010-2015
Figure 14: Volume Forecast of the Global Coal Industry (Billion Short Tons), 2010-2015
Figure 15: China Thermal Coal Spot and Contract Price
Figure 16: China Thermal and Coking Spot Coal Price
Figure 17: Chinese Coal Resource Distribution Map
Figure 18: China’s Coal Resource Distribution by Type of Coal
Figure 19: Value of the Chinese Coal Market (USD Billion), 2006-2010
Figure 20: Volume of the Chinese Coal Market (Million Short Tons), 2006-2010
Figure 21: Market Segmentation of the Chinese Coal Industry, 2010
Figure 22: Coal Production by Enterprise Type in China, 1949-2009
Figure 23: Unexplainable Coal Consumption at China’s Provinces
Figure 24: Safety of Coal Mining in China: Official Statistics versus Independent Sources
Figure 25: Coal Mine Licensing Procedures
Figure 26: Coal Consumption by Sector in China
Figure 27: Electricity Generation in China by Fuel and Major Events (1978-2010)
Figure 28: Trends in Coal Consumption and Power Plant Efficiency (1978-2009)
Figure 29: Composition of Coke Production by Type of Coke Ovens in Shanxi (1985-2008)
Figure 30: Requirements for Different Types of Cement Kilns
Figure 31: Transportation by China’s National Rail Network (1978-2009)
Figure 32: Coal Transportation in China by Major Coastal Ports (1984-2009)
Figure 33: Handling of Coal at Major Chinese Inland Ports (1990-2009)
Figure 34: Coal Transport Scenario by Mode in China
Figure 35: Major Coal Transport Routes in China
Figure 36: China’s Major Coastal Ports and Marine Transport of Coal
Figure 37: China’s Coal and Coke Transport versus Freight Tonnage (1978-2009)
Figure 38: Inter-Regional Coal Flow by Rail in 2006 (Mt) in China
Figure 39: Coal Throughput at Major Coastal Ports (1984-2009)
Figure 40: China’s Coal Imports by Province, 2009
Figure 41: High-Class Waterways and Major Inland Ports in China
Figure 42: Coal Handled at Major Chinese Inland Ports
Figure 43: Indices of Cargo Tonnage by Transport Mode
Figure 44: Future of Coal Transportation in China
Figure 45: Porter's Five Forces Analysis of the Chinese Coal Industry
Figure 46: Value of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (USD Million), 2006-2010
Figure 47: Volume of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (Million Short Tons), 2006-2010
Figure 48: Market Segmentation of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Industry, 2010
Figure 49: Forecast of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (USD Million) 2010-2015
Figure 50: Volume Forecast of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Industry (Million Short Tons), 2010-2015
Figure 51: Coal Production of Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, and China (1949-2009)
Figure 52: Forecast of the Chinese Coal Market (USD Billion) 2010-2015
Figure 53: Volume Forecast of the Chinese Coal Industry (Million Short Tons), 2010-2015
Figure 54: Carbon Emissions and Fuel Combustion in China and the United States
Figure 55: Origin of Fossil Fuels
Figure 56: Global Coal Mining Industry Revenue Chart
Figure 57: Global Coal Mining Industry Revenue Growth Rate
Figure 58: Employment in the Global Coal Mining Industry
Figure 59: Global Coal Mining Industry Import/Export Statistics
Figure 60: Change in Global Energy Consumption on the Last 7 Years
Figure 61: History of Fossil Fuel Production in China, 1949-2009
Figure 62: Coal Production by Type of Coal in China, 1952-2009
Figure 63: Forecast of Electricity Generation Capacity Mixture in China by 2030
Figure 64: Average Mine Mouth Sales Price for Coal Produced by Key SOEs in China
Figure 65: Major Coal-Power Bases in China

List of Tables

Table 1: Classification of Coal
Table 2: Proved Reserves of Coal at the end of 2010
Table 3: Coal Prices
Table 4: Global Production of Coal at the end of 2010
Table 5: Global Consumption of Coal at the end of 2010
Table 6: Value of the Global Coal Market (USD Billion)
Table 7: Volume of the Global Coal Market (Billion Short Tons), 2006-2010
Table 8: Market Segmentation of the Global Coal Industry, 2010
Table 9: Forecast of the Global Coal Market (USD Billion) 2010-2015
Table 10: Volume Forecast of the Global Coal Industry (Billion Short Tons), 2010-2015
Table 11: List of 13 Coal Production Bases in China
Table 12: Value of the Chinese Coal Market (USD Billion), 2006-2010
Table 13: Volume of the Chinese Coal Market (Million Short Tons), 2006-2010
Table 14: Market Segmentation of the Chinese Coal Industry, 2010
Table 15: Coal Production Cost Breakdown by Type of Enterprises in Shanxi (Yuan/Ton)
Table 16: Major CTL Projects in China
Table 17: Energy Intensities of Major Chinese Iron and Steel Firms (kgce/ton)
Table 18: Linkage between the N7 Ports and Railways
Table 19: Coal throughput at the Three Coal Transport Routes (in Mt)
Table 20: Composition of Freight Transport of the Chinese Railways
Table 21: Railways Owned by Shenhua Group
Table 22: Coal Transporting Capacity of China’s Railways
Table 23: Major Inland Coal Ports in China
Table 24: Coal throughputs by Road during the 10th FYP Period (Mt)
Table 25: Coal Industry Policy in China
Table 26: Value of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (USD Million), 2006-2010
Table 27: Volume of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (Million Short Tons), 2006-2010
Table 28: Market Segmentation of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Industry, 2010
Table 29: Forecast of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Market (USD Million) 2010-2015
Table 30: Volume Forecast of the Chinese Coal Mine Production Industry (Million Short Tons), 2010-2015
Table 31: Forecast of the Chinese Coal Market (USD Billion) 2010-2015
Table 32: Volume Forecast of the Chinese Coal Industry (Million Short Tons), 2010-2015
Table 33: Constant Prices of the Global Coal Mining Industry
Table 34: Current Prices of the Global Coal Mining Industry
Table 35: Global Coal Mining Industry Real Growth
Table 36: Global Coal Mining Industry Ratio Table
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- China Shenhua Energy Company Limited

- China Coal Energy Company Limited

- China National Coal Group Corporation

- China Resources Power Holdings Co. Ltd

- Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co., Ltd

- Henan Shenhuo Coal &Power Co., Ltd

- Inner Mongolia Yitai Coal Company Ltd

- Shanxi Xishan Coal and Electricity Power

- SinoCoking Coal and Coke Chem Industries, Inc

- Taiyuan Coal Gasification Company, Ltd

- Yanzhou Coal Mining Company Limited

- Zhengzhou Coal Industry & Electric Power
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