The Geologic Time Scale 2012, winner of a 2012 PROSE Award Honorable Mention for Best Multi-volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers, is the framework for deciphering the history of our planet Earth. The authors have been at the forefront of chronostratigraphic research and initiatives to create an international geologic time scale for many years, and the charts in this book present the most up-to-date, international standard, as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. This 2012 geologic time scale is an enhanced, improved and expanded version of the GTS2004, including chapters on planetary scales, the Cryogenian-Ediacaran periods/systems, a prehistory scale of human development, a survey of sequence stratigraphy, and an extensive compilation of stable-isotope chemostratigraphy.
This book is an essential reference for all geoscientists, including researchers, students, and petroleum and mining professionals. The presentation is non-technical and illustrated with numerous colour charts, maps and photographs. The book also includes a detachable wall chart of the complete time scale for use as a handy reference in the office, laboratory or field.
- The most detailed international geologic time scale available that contextualizes information in one single reference for quick desktop access
- Gives insights in the construction, strengths, and limitations of the geological time scale that greatly enhances its function and its utility
- Aids understanding by combining with the mathematical and statistical methods to scaled composites of global succession of events
- Meets the needs of a range of users at various points in the workflow (researchers extracting linear time from rock records, students recognizing the geologic stage by their content)
PART I INTRODUCTION 1. Introduction, F. M. Gradstein 2. Chronostratigraphy: linking time and rock, F. M. Gradstein and j. G. Ogg PART II CONCEPTS AND METHODS 3. Biochronology, F.M.Gradstein 4. Cyclostratigraphy and astrochronology, L. A.hinnov and f.j.hilgen 5. The geomagnetic polarity time scale, J. G. Ogg 6. Radiogenic isotopes geochronology, M.Schmitz And M. Villeneuve 7. Strontium isotope stratigraphy, J. M. Mcarthur, R. J. Howarth and G.Shields 8. Osmium isotope stratigraphy, B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink and G. Ravizza 9. Sulfur isotope stratigraphy, A. Paytan 10. Oxygen isotope stratigraphy, E. Grossman 11. Carbon isotope stratigraphy, M. Saltzman and E. Thomas 12. A Brief History of Plants on Earth S.R. Gradstein and H. Kerp 13. Sequence chronostratigraphy, M. Simmons 14. Statistical procedures, F. P. Agterberg, O. Hammer and F.M. Gradstein PART III 15. The Planetary time scale, K.TANAKA AND B.HARTMANN 16. The Precambrian: the Archean and Proterozoic Eons, M.van Kranendonk and co-authors 17. The Cryogenian Period, G. A. Shields, A.C. Hill and B. A. MacGabhann 18. The Ediacaran Period, G. Narbonne, S. Xiao and G.A. Shields Bibliography Volume 2
PART IV GEOLOGIC PERIODS PHANEROZOIC 19. The Cambrian Period, S. Peng, L. Babcock and R. A. Cooper 20. The Ordovician Period, R. A. Cooper and P. M. Sadler 21. The Silurian Period, M. J. Melchin, R. A. Cooper and P. M. Sadler 22. The Devonian Period, T. Becker, F. M. Gradstein and O. Hammer 23. The Carboniferous Period, V. Davydov, D. Korn and M. Schmitz 24. The Permian Period, CH. Henderson, V. Davydov and B. Wardlaw 25. The Triassic Period, J. G. Ogg 26. The Jurassic Period, J. G. Ogg 27. The Cretaceous Period, J. G. Ogg and L. Hinnov 28. The Paleogene Period, N. Vandenberghe, R. Speijer and F.J. Hilgen 29. The Neogene Period, F.J. Hilgen, L. Lourens, and J. van Dam 30. The Quaternary Period, B. Pillans and P. Gibbard 31. The Prehistoric Human Time Scale, J.A. Catt and M.A. Maslin 32. The Anthropocene, J.Z Alasiewicz, P. Crutzen and W. Steffen Appendix 1- Recommended color coding of stages Appendix 2
Radiometric ages used in GTS2012, M.D. Schmitz Appendix 3
Biochronology of Paleogene and Neogene Microfossils, E. Anthonissen, J.G. Ogg.
Felix M. Gradstein has a distinguished career of more than 35 years in the fields of stratigraphy, micropalaeontology and geochronology. He is renowned for coordinating the development of the international geological time scale: over the last 25 years Gradstein et al.'s Time Scales, most recently the 2012 "Geologic Time Scale (GTS2012), have become a ubiquitous "gold standard for all Earth Scientists. Gradstein has authored over 140 scientific publications in the fields of geological time scales, quantitative stratigraphic methods, stratigraphy and sedimentology of petroleum basins, plate tectonics, palaeoceanography, and deep-water micropalaeontology. He has a career that spans the divides between industry, government and academia, with periods working for Esso and Saga Petroleum, the Geological Survey of Canada, and Dalhousie University. He is currently Professor in the Natural History Museum, University of Oslo. Gradstein recently won the 2012 PROSE Honorable Mention Award for a multi-volume scientific reference.
Ogg, J G
James Ogg has over 35 years' experience in the fields of Marine Stratigraphy, Paleoceanography, Paleomagnetism, Sedimentology. Currently a professor at the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University, Ogg is renowned for coordinating the development of the international geological time scale: over the last 25 years Gradstein et al.'s Time Scales, most recently the 2012 "Geologic Time Scale (GTS2012), have become a ubiquitous "gold standard for all Earth Scientists. Ogg has published over 100 articles and coordinated 2 books as first or co- author on aspects of stratigraphy in refereed journals since 1986, and has contributed to over 70 chapters in Deep Sea Drilling Project and Ocean Drilling Program volumes. He has also won numerous awards, including the Geological Society of America: Mary B. Ansari Best Reference Work Award for The Geologic Time Scale 2004 and most recently the 2012 PROSE Honorable Mention Award for a multi-volume scientific reference.
Mark Schmitz is Professor of Isotope Geochemistry and Geochronology at Boise State University. His research and teaching interests encompass an understanding of the processes associated with the tectonic, geochemical, and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere. Geochronology using radiogenic isotopes plays a key role in his research and that of his students working in the Isotope Geology Laboratory. He received his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has published close to 50 refereed articles.
Gabi Ogg applied micropaleontology to Jurassic-Cretaceous correlations before concentrating on public outreach in geosciences. She coordinated the extensive array of graphics in the GTS2012 book, and is the webmaster for the Geologic TimeScale Foundation (http://stratigraphy.science.purdue.edu) and for the TimeScale Creator visualization and database suites (www.tscreator.org). In addition to co-authoring the Concise Geologic TimeScale (GTS2008) book, she has produced numerous posters and time scale cards for public audiences.