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Country Report Brazil

  • ID: 2101586
  • Country Profile
  • Region: Brazil
  • 22 Pages
  • The Economist Intelligence Unit
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Jair Bolsonaro of the right-wing Partido Social Liberal took office as president in January for a four-year term, on a mandate to pursue free-market reforms and socially conservative policies. However, a highly fragmented Congress will slow progress.

Mr Bolsonaro will try to enact his agenda with support from cross-party interest groups rather than by distributing favours to political parties directly in a formal alliance, as has been the custom in the past. But these efforts could break down, and so carry governability risks.

The Economist Intelligence Unit expects pension reform to be approved by the third quarter of 2019, supporting investor confidence by helping to slow the rise in the public debt/GDP ratio-although it will remain high, reaching 85% by 2023.
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Country Report Brazil

Briefing sheet
Political and economic outlook
Key changes since March 28th
The month ahead
Major risks to our forecast

Outlook for 2019-23: Political stability

Outlook for 2019-23: Election watch

Outlook for 2019-23: International relations

Outlook for 2019-23: Policy trends

Outlook for 2019-23: Fiscal policy

Outlook for 2019-23: Monetary policy

Outlook for 2019-23: International assumptions

Outlook for 2019-23: Economic growth

Outlook for 2019-23: Inflation

Outlook for 2019-23: Exchange rates

Outlook for 2019-23: External sector

Outlook for 2019-23: Forecast summary

Outlook for 2019-23: Quarterly forecasts

Data and charts: Annual data and forecast

Data and charts: Quarterly data

Data and charts: Monthly data

Data and charts: Annual trends charts

Data and charts: Quarterly trends charts

Data and charts: Monthly trends charts

Data and charts: Comparative economic indicators

Basic data
Land area
Main cities
Weather in São Paulo (altitude 760 metres)
Public holidays

Political structure
Official name
Form of state
The executive
Head of state
National legislature
Legal system
National elections
National government
Main political organisations
Key ministers
Central bank governor
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