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Parametric Sensitivity in Chemical Systems. Cambridge Series in Chemical Engineering

  • ID: 2128440
  • Book
  • 360 Pages
  • Cambridge University Press
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The behavior of a chemical system is affected by many physicochemical parameters. The sensitivity of the system's behavior to changes in parameters is known as parametric sensitivity. When a system operates in a parametrically sensitive region, its performance becomes unreliable and changes sharply with small variations in parameters. Thus, it would be of great value to predict sensitivity behavior in chemical systems. This book is the first to provide a thorough treatment of the concept of parametric sensitivity and the mathematical tool it generated, sensitivity analysis. The emphasis is on applications to real situations. The book begins with definitions of various sensitivity indices and describes the numerical techniques used for their evaluation. Extensively illustrated chapters discuss sensitivity analysis in a variety of chemical reactors - batch, tubular, continuous-flow, fixed-bed - and in combustion systems, air pollution, and metabolic processes. Chemical engineers, chemists, graduate students, and researchers will welcome this valuable resource.
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1. Introduction;
2. Introduction to sensitivity analysis;
3. Thermal explosion in batch reactors;
4. Runaway in tubular reactors;
5. Parametric sensitivity in continuous-flow stirred tank reactors;
6. Runaway in fixed-bed catalytic reactors;
7. Parametric sensitivity and ignition phenomena in combustion systems;
8. Sensitivity analysis in mechanistic study and model reduction;
9. Sensitivity analysis in air pollution;
10. Sensitivity analysis in metabolic processes; Index.
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Arvind Varma University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

Massimo Morbidelli ETH Zentrum, Switzerland.

Hua Wu Ausimont Research and Development Center, Italy.
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