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Cryogenic Two-Phase Flow. Applications to Large Scale Systems

  • ID: 2128636
  • Book
  • 150 Pages
  • Cambridge University Press
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Cryogenic systems that involve two-phase (vapour-liquid) flows are widely used in industries such as aerospace, metallurgy, power engineering, and food production, as well as in high energy physics research. The purpose of this book is to describe characteristic features of cryogenic systems involving two-phase flow, create mathematical models of these systems, and then show how the models may be used to develop optimal designs for practical cryogenic systems. Since transient phenomena can produce severe and unexpected effects in cryogenic systems, the authors pay particular attention to this important topic. Examples in the book are drawn from cryogenic fluid transport, gasification, and the stabilisation of superconducting magnets. Much of this work is related to the development of large Russian systems in the areas of space technology, energy research, and particle physics.
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1. Introduction to cryogenic systems with two phase flows;
2. Cryogenic gasification systems;
3. Crystostabilization systems;
4. Cryogenic fluid transport systems;
5. Two-phase (vapor-liquid) flows;
6. Requirements for the design of practical systems with two-phase flows;
7. Hydrodynamics and heat transfer in two-phase flows in cryogenic media;
8. Physical features of cryogenic vapor-liquid flows;
9. Conservation equations for heterogeneous two-phase flows;
10. Gasifier channels with intensifiers;
11. Two-phase helium in magnet stabilization channels;
12. Transportation of cryogenic fluids with partial evaporation and the geyser effect;
13. Two-phase flow regimes and optimum heat transfer;
14. Modeling of two-phase flows;
15. Summary;
16. Transient operating conditions in cryogenic systems with two-phase flow;
17. Introduction to transient conditions;
18. Evaluation methods for external disturbances;
19. Summary;
20. Transient conditions of gasification systems;
21. Results of operating experience;
22. Physical nature of the oscillations;
23. Hydrodynamic model;
24. Nondimensional analysis;
25. Analysis of high speed transients;
26. Practical considerations in the design of gasification systems;
27. Summary;
28. Transient conditions in magnet stabilization channels;
29. Modeling of transients resulting from variable heat loads;
30. Results of the analysis;
31. Experimental studies;
32. Summary; References.
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N. N. Filina
J. G. Weisend, II
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