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Surfactants. Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry

  • ID: 2128710
  • Book
  • 630 Pages
  • Cambridge University Press
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This 2000 book provides an introduction to the nature, occurrence, physical properties, propagation and uses of surfactants in the petroleum industry. It is aimed principally at scientists and engineers who may encounter or use surfactants, whether in process design, petroleum production, or research and development. The primary focus is on applications of the principles of colloid and interface science to surfactant applications in the petroleum industry, and includes attention to practical processes and problems. Applications of surfactants in the petroleum industry are of great practical importance and are also quite diverse, since surfactants may be applied to advantage throughout the petroleum production process: in reservoirs, in oil and gas wells, in surface processing operations, and in environmental, health and safety applications. In each case appropriate knowledge and practices determine the economic and technical successes of the industrial process concerned. The book includes a comprehensive glossary, indexed and fully cross-referenced.
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Part I - Surfactant Fundamentals:
1. Surfactants and their solutions: basic principles Laurier L. Schramm and D. Gerrard Marangoni;
2. Characterization of demulsifiers R. J. Mikula and V. A. Munoz;
3. Emulsions and foams in the petroleum industry Laurier L. Schramm and Susan M. Kutay;

Part II - Surfactants in Porous Media:
4. Surfactant adsorption in porous media Laura L. Wesson and Jeffrey H. Harwell;
5. Surfactant induced wettability alteration in porous media Eugene A. Spinler and Bernard A. Baldwin;
6. Surfactant flooding in enhanced oil recovery Tor Austad and Jess Miltner;
7. Scale-up evaluations and simulations of mobility control foams for improved oil recovery Fred Wassmuth, Laurier L. Schramm, Karin Mannhardt, and Laurie Hodgins;

Part III - Oilwell, Near-Well, and Surface Operations:
8. The use of surfactants in lightweight drilling fluids Todd R. Thomas and Ted M. Wilkes;
10. Surfactants in Athabasca oil slurry conditioning, flotation recovery, and tailings processes Laurier L. Schramm, Elaine N. Stasiuk, and Mike MacKinnon;

Part IV - Environmental, Health, and Safety Applications:
11. Surfactant enhanced aquifer remediation Varadarajan Dwarakanath and Gary A. Pope;
12. Use of surfactants for environmental applications Merv Fingas;
13. Toxicity and persistence of surfactants used in the petroleum industry Larry N. Britton;

Part V - Glossary and Indexes:
14. Glossary of surfactant terminology Laurier L. Schramm; Author and affiliation indexes.
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Laurier L. Schramm Petroleum Recovery Institute, Calgary, Canada.
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