The development of hydrogen storage materials with a high-capacity-per-unit volume and weight is vital to achieving the goal of using hydrogen as a ubiquitous energy source. Fundamental materials issues such as structure, hydrogen transport and stability are central to the development of successful hydrogen storage systems. Exploring these issues requires a strong coupling of materials synthesis, characterization and advanced theory and modeling. This book, first published in 2002, highlights many of the research efforts being made around the world to address the challenge. Topics include: catalysts for reversible hydrogen storage with complex metal hydrides; hydrogen storage in metal-doped nanotubes, oxides and atomically heterogeneous adsorbents such as zeolites, metal-organic frameworks and B-C-nanomaterials; the effect of nanoscale phenomena on thermodynamics and kinetics; the study of solid-state reactions, bulk and surface diffusion and hydrogen spillover; and the relationships between material structure and hydrogen binding energies. Advanced measurement and computational techniques are also explored.
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