Comprehensive study sheds new light on ionic interactions in macromolecules and their applications
With contributions from leading researchers around the world, Ionic Interactions in Natural and Synthetic Macromolecules offers a carefully structured and comprehensive explanation of how combinations of supramolecular interactions direct a variety of self–assembly modes for nano–architectures and functional biostructures. The text reviews and analyzes charged macromolecules, such as synthetic polyelectrolytes, DNA, and ampholytic proteins, and describes how an understanding of ionic and ionic–mixed interactions in macromolecules has a general impact and potential applications across a broad range of disciplines, spanning biochemistry, medicine, materials science, and organic chemistry.
Ionic Interactions in Natural and Synthetic Macromolecules is divided into three parts:
Section One, Fundamentals, examines basic aspects of purely ionic interactions within organic systems, and includes a description of the behavior of simple salts.
Section Two, Mixed Interactions, explores how the superimposition of ionic and other charge–independent electrostatic interactions control Hofmeister effects, the supramolecular organization of hydrophobic polymers, polyelectrolyte–protein complexes, synthetic membranes, metalloproteins, and helical polypeptides.
Section Three, Functions and Applications, deals with transport processes in both biological and synthetic systems, functioning and applications of intelligent gels, nano–structured films formed by layered polyelectrolytes, and ionic conductivity in highly efficient energy sources.
Readers will discover how the text′s unified presentation of systems characterized by different blends of ionic and ionic–mixed interactions has led to the identification of general underlying mechanisms and a correlation among seemingly unrelated phenomena.
This text is recommended for practitioners and students in chemistry, biochemistry, physics, and engineering. All readers will discover what is known about the large class of natural and synthetic materials influenced by ionic–mixed interactions and their many potential applications.
PART I FUNDAMENTALS 1
1 ION PROPERTIES 3
2 IONIC INTERACTIONS IN SUPRAMOLECULAR COMPLEXES 35
3 POLYELECTROLYTE FUNDAMENTALS 49
4 POLYELECTROLYTE AND POLYAMPHOLYTE EFFECTS IN SYNTHETIC AND BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES 91
Ngo Minh Toan, Bae–Yeun Ha, and Dave Thirumalai
5 MODELING THE STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF POLYELECTROLYTE MULTILAYERS 121
Juan J. Cerdà, Christian Holm, and Baofu Qiao
PART II MIXED INTERACTIONS 167
6 IONIC MIXED INTERACTIONS AND HOFMEISTER EFFECTS 169
7 HYDROPHOBIC POLYELECTROLYTES 211
Andrés F. Olea
8 ASSOCIATION OF POLYELECTROLYTES TO SURFACTANTS AND SUPRAMOLECULAR ASSEMBLIES: COMPETITIVE ROLE OF CHAIN RIGIDITY AND ASSEMBLY STABILITY 235
Alberto Ciferri and Angelo Perico
9 ION TRANSFER IN AND THROUGH CHARGED MEMBRANES: STRUCTURE, PROPERTIES, AND THEORY 267
Victor V. Nikonenko, Andrey B. Yaroslavtsev, and Gérald Pourcelly
10 REVERSIBLE COORDINATION POLYMERS 337
Kim de Lange, Jos M.J. Paulusse, Antonius T.M. Marcelis, and Han Zuilhof
11 STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS OF METAL BINDING SITES IN NATURAL AND DESIGNED METALLOPROTEINS 361
Ornella Maglio, Flavia Nastri, and Angela Lombardi
12 CHARGE–INDUCED EFFECTS ON ACID–BASE TITRATION AND CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF PROTEINS AND POLYPEPTIDES 451
PART III FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS 483
13 IRON TRANSPORT IN LIVING CELLS 485
Alvin L. Crumbliss and Claire J. Parker Siburt
14 DNA–LIPID AMPHIPHILES FOR DRUG AND GENE THERAPY 551
Peggy P.Y. Chan and LiShan Wang
15 POLYELECTROLYTE INTELLIGENT GELS: DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS 581
Piero Chiarelli and Danilo De Rossi
16 IONIC POLYMER METAL COMPOSITES FOR SENSORS AND ARTIFICIAL MUSCLES: MECHANOELECTRIC PERSPECTIVES 621
Rashi Tiwari and Kwang J. Kim
17 FUNCTIONAL LAYER–BY–LAYER POLYELECTROLYTES: ASSEMBLY STRATEGIES, CHARACTERIZATION, AND SELECTED APPLICATIONS 643
Nicel Estillore, Wolfgang Knoll, and Rigoberto Advincula
18 POLYELECTROLYTES AT INTERFACES: APPLICATIONS AND TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF POLYELECTROLYTE MULTILAYERS IN MEMBRANES 683
Bastien Seantier and André Deratani
19 SELF–ASSEMBLY OF POLYELECTROLYTES FOR PHOTONIC CRYSTAL APPLICATIONS 727
Dario Cavallo and Davide Comoretto
20 APPLICATIONS OF CHARGED MEMBRANES IN SEPARATION, FUEL CELLS, AND EMERGING PROCESSES 761
Gérald Pourcelly, Victor V. Nikonenko, Natalia D. Pismenskaya, and Andrey B. Yaroslavtsev
21 POLYMER GEL ELECTROLYTES: CONDUCTION MECHANISM AND BATTERY APPLICATIONS 817
Ian M. Ward and Hugh V. St. A. Hubbard
LIST OF SYMBOLS 841