Following a semiquantitative approach, this book summarizes the basic concepts, with examples and applications, and reviews some recent developments in the study of optical properties of condensed matter systems. It covers examples and applications in the field of electronic and optoelectronic materials, including organic polymers, inorganic glasses, and photonic crystals. An attempt is made to cover both the experimental and theoretical developments in any field presented in this book. The book consists of 16 chapters contributed by experienced and well–known scientists and groups on different aspects of optoelectronic properties of condensed matter. Most chapters are presented to be relatively independent with minimal cross referencing and chapters with complementary contents are arranged together to facilitate a reader with cross referencing, if desired.
It is intended here to have a single volume covering from fundamentals to applications, with up–to–date advances in the field, and a book that is useful to practitioners. Accomplishments and technical challenges in device applications are also discussed. The readership of the book is expected to be senior undergraduate and postgraduate students, R&D staff and teaching and research professionals.
1. Fundamental Optical Properties of Materials (W.C. Tan, K. Koughia, J. Singh, and S.O. Kasap).
1.2 Optical Constants.
1.3 Refractive Index and Dispersion.
1.4 The Swanepoel Technique: Measurement of n and a.
2. Fundamental Optical Properties of Materials II (K. Koughia, J. Singh, S.O. Kasap, and H.E. Ruda).
2.2 Lattice or Reststrahlen Absorption and Infrared Reflection.
2.3 Free–Carrier Absorption (FCA).
2.4 Band–to–Band or Fundamental Absorption (Crystalline Solids).
2.5 Impurity Absorption.
2.6 Effect of External Fields.
3. Optical Properties of Disordered Condensed Matter (K. Shimakawa, J. Singh, and S.K. O Leary).
3.2 Fundamental Optical Absorption (Experimental).
3.3 Absorption Coefficient (Theory).
3.4 Compositional Variation of the Optical Bandgap in Amorphous Chalcogenides.
4. Concept of Excitons (J. Singh and H.E. Ruda).
4.2 Excitons in Crystalline Solids.
4.3 Excitons in Amorphous Semiconductors.
5. Photoluminescence (T. Aoki).
5.2 Fundamental Aspects of Photoluminescence (PL) in Condensed Matter.
5.3 Experimental Aspects.
5.4 Photoluminescence Lifetime Spectroscopy of Amorphous Semiconductors by QFRS Technique.
6. Photoluminescence and Photoinduced Changes in Noncrystalline Condensed Matter (J. Singh).
6.3 Photoinduced Changes in Amorphous Chalcogenides.
7. Light–induced Volume Changes in Chalcogenide Glasses (S. Kugler, J. Hegedüs, and K. Kohary).
7.2 Simulation Method.
7.3 Sample Preparation.
7.4 Light–induced Phenomena.
7.5 Macroscopic Models.
8. Optical Properties of Glasses (A. Edgar).
8.2 The Refractive Index.
8.3 Glass Interfaces.
8.5 Sensitivity of the Refractive Index.
8.6 Glass Color.
8.7 Fluorescence in Rare–earth–doped Glass.
8.8 Glasses for Fibre Optics.
8.9 Refractive Index Engineering.
8.10 Transparent Glass Ceramics.
9. Properties and Applications of Photonic Crystals (H.E. Ruda and N. Matsuura).
9.2 PC Overview.
9.3 Tunable PCs.
9.4 Selected Applications of PC.
10. Nonlinear Optical Properties of Photonic Glasses (K. Tanaka).
10.2 Photonic Glass.
10.3 Nonlinear Absorption and Refractivity.
10.4 Nonlinear Excitation–Induced Structural Changes.
11. Optical Properties of Organic Semiconductors and Applications (T. Kobayashi and H. Naito).
11.2 Molecular Structure of –Conjugated Polymers.
11.3 Theoretical Models.
11.4 Absorption Spectrum.
11.6 Nonemissive Excited States.
11.7 Electron Electron Interaction.
11.8 Interchain Interaction.
12. Organic Semiconductors and Applications (F. Zhu).
12.2 Anode Modification for Enhanced OLED Performance.
12.3 Flexible OLED Displays.
13. Optical Properties of Thin Films (V.V. Truong and S. Tanemura).
13.2 Optics of thin films.
13.3 Reflection Transmission Photoellipsometry for Optical–Constants Determination.
13.4 Applications of Thin Films to Energy Management and Renewable Energy Technologies.
14. Negative Index of Refraction: Optics and Metamaterials (J.E. Kielbasa, D.L. Carroll, and R.T. Williams).
14.2 Optics of Propagating Waves with Negative Index.
14.3 Super–resolution with the Slab Lens.
14.4 Negative Refraction with Metamaterials.
15. Excitonic Processes in Quantum Wells (J. Singh and I.–K. Oh).
15.2 Exciton Phonon Interaction.
15.3 Exciton Formation in Quantum Wells Assisted by Phonons.
15.4 Nonradiative Relaxation of Free Excitons.
15.5 Quasi–2D Free–Exciton Linewidth.
15.6 Localization of Free Excitons.
16. Optical Properties and Spin Dynamics of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Nanostructures (A. Murayama and Y. Oka).
16.2 Coupled Quantum Wells.
16.3 Nanostructures Fabricated by Electron–Beam Lithography.
16.4 Self–assembled Quantum Dots.
16.5 Hybrid Nanostructures with Ferromagnetic Materials.