Bringing together world–renowned researchers to explore natural nonliving organic matter (NOM) and its chemical, biological, and ecological importance, Biophysico–Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems offers an integrated view of the dynamics and processes of NOM. This multidisciplinary approach allows for a comprehensive treatment encompassing all the formation processes, properties, reactions, environments, and analytical techniques associated with the latest research on NOM.
After briefly outlining the historical background, current ideas, and future prospects of the study of NOM, the coverage examines:
The formation mechanisms of humic substances
The effects of organic matter amendment
Black carbon in the environment
Carbon sequestration and dynamics in soil
Biological activities of humic substances
Dissolved organic matter
Humic substances in the rhizosphere
Marine organic matter
Organic matter in atmospheric particles
In addition to the above topics, the coverage includes such relevant analytical techniques as separation technology; analytical pyrolysis and soft–ionization mass spectrometry; nuclear magnetic resonance; EPR, FTIR, Raman, UV–visible adsorption, fluorescence, and X–ray spectroscopies; and thermal analysis. Hundreds of illustrations and photographs further illuminate the various chapters.
An essential resource for both students and professionals in environmental science, environmental engineering, water science, soil science, geology, and environmental chemistry, Biophysico–Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems provides a unique combination of the latest discoveries, developments, and future prospects in this field.
About the Editors.
List of Contributors.
1 Evolution of Concepts of Environmental Natural Nonliving Organic Matter (M. H. B. Hayes).
2 Formation Mechanisms of Humic Substances in the Environment (P. M. Huang and A. G. Hardie).
3 Organo–Clay Complexes in Soils and Sediments (G. Chilom and J. A. Rice).
4 The Effect of Organic Matter Amendment on Native Soil Humic Substances (C. Plaza and N. Senesi).
5 Carbon Sequestration in Soil (M. De Nobili, M. Contin, and Y. Chen).
6 Storage and Turnover of Organic Matter in Soil (M. S. Torn, C. W. Swanston, C. Castanha, and S. E. Trumbore).
7 Black Carbon and Thermally Altered (Pyrogenic) Organic Matter: Chemical Characteristics and the Role in the Environment (H. Knicker).
8 Biological Activities of Humic Substances (S. Nardi, P. Carletti, D. Pizzeghello, and A.Muscolo).
9 Role of Humic Substances in the Rhizosphere (R. Pinton., S. Cesco, and Z. Varanini).
10 Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) in Natural Environments (F. H. Frimmel, and G. Abbt–Braun).
12 Natural Organic Matter in Atmospheric Particles (A. da Costa Duarte and R. M. B. Oliveira Duarte).
13 Separation Technology as a Powerful Tool for Unfolding Molecular Complexity of Natural Organic Matter and Humic Substances (I. V. Perminova, A. I. Konstantinov, E. V. Kunenkov, A. Gaspar, P. Schmitt–Kopplin, N. Hertkorn, N. A. Kulikova and K. Hatfield)
14 Analytical Pyrolysis and Soft–Ionization Mass Spectrometry (P. Leinweber, G. Jandl, K–U Eckhardt, H–Rolf Schulten, A. Schlichting, and D. Hofmann).
15 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Analysis of Natural Organic Matter (A. J. Simpson and M. J. Simpson).
16 EPR, FTIR, Raman, UV–visible Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopies in Studies of NOM (L. Martin–Neto, D. M. B. P. Milori, W. T. L. Da Silva and M.L. Simões).
17 Synchrotron–Based Near–Edge X–Ray Spectroscopy of NOM in Soils and Sediments (J. Lehmann, D. Solomon, J. Brandes, H. Fleckenstein, C. Jacobson, and J. Thieme).
18 Thermal Analysis for Advanced Characterization of Natural Nonliving Organic Materials (E. J. Leboeuf and L. Zhang).