Sets the stage for the development of sustainable, environmentally friendly fuels, chemicals, and materials
Taking millions of years to form, fossil fuels are nonrenewable resources; it is estimated that they will be depleted by the end of this century. Moreover, the production and use of fossil fuels have resulted in considerable environmental harm. The generation of environmentally friendly energy from renewable sources such as biomass is therefore essential. This book focuses on the integration of green chemistry concepts into biomass processes and conversion in order to take full advantage of the potential of biomass to replace nonsustainable resources and meet global needs for fuel as well as other chemicals and materials.
The Role of Green Chemistry in Biomass Processing and Conversion features contributions from leading experts from Asia, Europe, and North America. Focusing on lignocellulosic biomass, the most abundant biomass resource, the book begins with a general introduction to biomass and biorefineries and then provides an update on the latest advances in green chemistry that support biomass processing and conversion. Next, the authors describe current and emerging biomass processing and conversion techniques that use green chemistry technologies, including:
- Green solvents such as ionic liquids, supercritical CO2, and water
- Sustainable energy sources such as microwave irradiation and sonification
- Green catalytic technologies
- Advanced membrane separation technologies
The last chapter of the book explores the ecotoxicological and environmental effects of converting and using fuels, chemicals, and materials from biomass.
Recommended for professionals and students in chemical engineering, green chemistry, and energy and fuels, The Role of Green Chemistry in Biomass Processing and Conversion sets a strong foundation for the development of a competitive and sustainable bioeconomy.
This monograph includes a Foreword by James Clark (University of York, UK).
About the Editors xvii
1 Introduction of Biomass and Biorefineries 1Birgit Kamm
2 Recent Advances in Green Chemistry 27Nicholas Gathergood
3 Biorefinery with Ionic Liquids 75Haibo Xie, Wujun Liu, Ian Beadham, and Nicholas Gathergood
4 Biorefinery with Water 135X. Philip Ye, Leming Cheng, Haile Ma, Biljana Bujanovic, Mangesh J. Goundalkar, and Thomas E. Amidon
5 Supercritical CO2 as an Environmentally Benign Medium for Biorefinery 181Ray Marriott and Emily Sin
6 Dissolution and Application of Cellulose in NaOH/Urea Aqueous Solution 205Xiaopeng Xiong and Jiangjiang Duan
7 Organosolv Biorefining Platform for Producing Chemicals, Fuels, and Materials from Lignocellulose 241Xuejun Pan
8 Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass and Their Upgrading 263Qirong Fu, Haibo Xie, and Dimitris S. Argyropoulos
9 Microwave Technology for Lignocellulosic Biorefinery 281Takashi Watanabe and Tomohiko Mitani
10 Biorefinery with Microbes 293Cuimin Hu and Zongbao K. Zhao
11 Heterogeneous Catalysts for Biomass Conversion 313Aiqin Wang, Changzhi Li, Mingyuan Zheng, and Tao Zhang
12 Catalytic Conversion of Glycerol 349Jie Xu, Weiqiang Yu, Hong Ma, Feng Wang, Fang Lu, Mukund Ghavre, and Nicholas Gathergood
13 Ultrasonics for Enhanced Fluid Biofuel Production 375David Grewell and Melissa Montalbo–Lomboy
14 Advanced Membrane Technology for Products Separation in Biorefinery 407Shenghai Li, Suobo Zhang, and Weihui Bi
15 Assessment of the Ecotoxicological and Environmental Effects of Biorefineries 435Kerstin Bluhm, Sebastian Heger, Matthew T. Agler, Sibylle Maletz, Andreas Sch affer, Thomas–Benjamin Seiler, Largus T. Angenent, and Henner Hollert