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Studies in Viral Ecology. Microbial and Botanical Host Systems Volume 1

  • ID: 2171139
  • Book
  • August 2011
  • 376 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The most complete treatment available of virus ecology across kingdoms of host species

Viruses are the most abundant organisms on the planet, occurring in every conceivable ecosystem. A growing part of the scientific community has come to view viruses as highly evolved biological entities with an organismal biology that is complex and interwoven with the biology of their hosting species. Studies in Viral Ecology, Volume I explains the ecology of viruses by examining their interactive dynamics with their microbe and plant hosts, including the types of transmission cycles that viruses have evolved encompassing principal and alternate hosts, vehicles, and vectoring species. Examining virology from an organismal biology approach, it focuses on the concept that viral infections represent areas of overlap in the ecologies of the involved species.

Compiled by field expert Christon Hurst and featuring internationally recognized contributors, this volume begins with background information designed to bring readers to a common base of comprehension, defining viral ecology and the basic biology of viruses. Then, viruses with microbial and plant hosting species are discussed, including:

  • Bacteriophage and viral ecology as seen through the lens of nucleic acid sequence data
  • Viruses of cyanobacteria
  • Viruses of eukaryotic algae
  • Viruses of seaweeds
  • The ecology and evolution of fungal viruses
  • Prion ecology
  • Ecology of plant viruses, with special reference to geminiviruses
  • Viroids and viroid diseases of plants

This volume also helps readers understand how information gained from molecular techniques is used to comprehend these various aspects of virology. Additionally, this set of books contains information on the ecology of viroids and prions, which are molecularly related to and share common ecological aspects with the viruses.

Studies in Viral Ecology, Volume I is essential for advanced undergraduate and graduate–level students studying viral ecology and environmental genomics. It also serves as an authoritative reference for professionals in the fields of virology, microbial ecology, infectious diseases, and disease transmission relative to humans, animals, and plants; this includes virologists, microbiologists, physicians, veterinarians, and agriculturalists.

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VOLUME 1

DEDICATION ix

PREFACE xi

CONTRIBUTORS xiii

ATTRIBUTION CREDITS FOR COVER AND SPINE ARTWORK xv

SECTION I AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURE AND BEHAVIOR OF VIRUSES 1

1 Defining the Ecology of Viruses 3
Christon J. Hurst

2 An Introduction to Viral Taxonomy with Emphasis on Microbial and Botanical Hosts and the Proposal of Akamara, a Potential Domain for the Genomic Acellular Agents 41
Christon J. Hurst

3 Virus Morphology, Replication, and Assembly 67
Debi P. Nayak

4 The (Co)Evolutionary Ecology of Viruses 131
Michael J. Allen

SECTION II VIRUSES OF OTHER MICROORGANISMS 145

5 Bacteriophage and Viral Ecology as Seen Through the Lens of Nucleic Acid Sequence Data 147
Eric Sakowski, William Kress, and K. Eric Wommack

6 Viruses of Cyanobacteria 169
Lauren D. McDaniel

7 Viruses of Eukaryotic Algae 189
William H. Wilson and Michael J. Allen

8 Viruses of Seaweeds 205
Declan C. Schroeder

9 The Ecology and Evolution of Fungal Viruses 217
Michael G. Milgroom and Bradley I. Hillman

10 Prion Ecology 255
Reed B. Wickner

SECTION III VIRUSES OF MACROSCOPIC PLANTS 271

11 Ecology of Plant Viruses, with Special Reference to Geminiviruses 273
Basavaprabhu L. Patil and Claude M. Fauquet

12 Viroids and Viroid Diseases of Plants 307
Ricardo Flores, Francesco Di Serio, Beatriz Navarro, Nuria Duran–Vila, and Robert A. Owens

INDEX 343

VOLUME 2

DEDICATION ix

PREFACE xi

CONTRIBUTORS xiii

ATTRIBUTION CREDITS FOR COVER AND SPINE ARTWORK xv

SECTION I AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURE AND BEHAVIOR OF VIRUSES 1

1 Defining the Ecology of Viruses 3
Christon J. Hurst

2 An Introduction to Viral Taxonomy with Emphasis on Animal Hosts and the Proposal of Akamara, a Potential Domain for the Genomic Acellular Agents 41
Christon J. Hurst

3 Virus Morphology, Replication, and Assembly 63
Debi P. Nayak

4 The (Co)evolutionary Ecology of Viruses 127
Michael J. Allen

SECTION II VIRUSES OF MACROSCOPIC ANIMALS 141

5 Coral Viruses 143
William H. Wilson

6 Viruses Infecting Marine Molluscs 153
Tristan Renault

7 The Viral Ecology of Aquatic Crustaceans 177
Leigh Owens

8 Viruses of Fish 191
Audun Helge Nerland, Aina–Cathrine Øvergard, and Sonal Patel

9 Ecology of Viruses Infecting Ectothermic Vertebrates The Impact of Ranavirus Infections on Amphibians 231
V. Gregory Chinchar, Jacques Robert, and Andrew T. Storfer

10 Viruses of Insects 261
Declan C. Schroeder

11 Viruses of Terrestrial Mammals 273
Laura D. Kramer and Norma P. Tavakoli

12 Viruses of Cetaceans 309
Marie–Franc¸oise Van Bressem and Juan A. Raga

13 The Relationship Between Humans, Their Viruses, and Prions 333
Christon J. Hurst

14 Ecology of Avian Viruses 365
Josanne H. Verhagen, Ron A.M. Fouchier, and Vincent J. Munster

INDEX 395

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Christon J. Hurst
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