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Geological Storage of CO2. Modeling Approaches for Large–Scale Simulation

  • ID: 2171320
  • Book
  • January 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 256 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The first text on geological storage of CO2, using mathematical analysis to derive practical models

Carbon emissions in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2) present a host of challenges that directly impact social, economic, and environmental sectors. Geological storage of captured CO2, as part of a Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) strategy, can help reduce carbon emissions. Geological carbon storage involves injection of captured CO2 into appropriate geological formations deep underground, where the CO2 should remain for hundreds to thousands of years or more. In Geological Storage of CO2, the basic principles that underlie geological storage are presented, including fundamentals of fluid movement in the subsurface, and the mathematical models used to describe storage operations. The book includes:

  • A self–contained exposition ranging from fundamental concepts of flow in porous media to models that can be applied to real–world problems

  • Practical modeling techniques for geological storage

  • Example applications to real–data sets

  • A general modeling framework that allows a range of processes to be incorporated in a consistent way

By building and expanding on the essentials of carbon storage modeling, Geological Storage of CO2 provides a strong foundation from which researchers, storage operators, and regulators can perform analyses needed for their own decision making.

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Prologue vii

1. The Carbon Problem 1

2. Single–Phase Flow in Porous Media 17

3. Two–Phase Flow in Porous Media 67

4. Large–Scale Models 115

5. Solution Approaches 153

6. Models for CO2 Storage and Leakage 195

Epilogue 225

Appendix 227

Index 237

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Jan Martin Nordbotten
Michael A. Celia
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