The pursuit of science and engineering requires freedom of thought and, in the academic sense, unrestricted communication. It is through the professionalism of the members of these disciplines that world knowledge and technology advances. Yet there are continuous reports of unethical behavior in the forms of data manipulation, cheating, and plagiarism at the highest levels. The motivations for this behavior are varied, such as the need to advance one′s career or to obtain research funding.
This book gives an account of scientific and engineering disciplines and examines the potential for unethical behavior by professionals. Documented examples are presented to show where the matter could have been halted before it became an unethical issue. The authors also look to the future to see what is in store for professionals in science and engineering and how the potential for unethical behavior can be negated.
Ethics in Science and Engineering:
Summarizes the prevailing positions on ethics in today′s academic and industrial environments
Examines ethics in the context of engineering and scientific research
Focuses on academic ethics with particular reference to higher education
Discusses the philosophy of ethics
Gives examples of unethical behavior and how it should be corrected
1. Explaining Ethics.
1.2 The Impact of Science and Engineering.
1.3 The Framework of Ethics.
1.4 Ethics in Professional Life.
2. Scientists and Engineers.
2.3 Scientific Disciplines.
2.4 Engineering Disciplines.
2.5 Expert Witness.
3. The Psychology and Philosophy of Ethics.
3.2 Ethical Responsibilities in Research.
3.3 Ethics in Science and Engineering.
3.4 A Phenomenological Theory of Ethics.
3.5 Conflicts of Interest.
4. Education of Scientists and Engineers.
4.2 The High School Experience.
4.3 The Baccalaureate Experience.
4.4 The Graduate Degree Experience.
4.5 Postdoctoral Education.
4.6 Morals and Values.
4.7 Evaluating Scientists and Engineers.
4.8 Intellectual Property.
5. Scientific and Engineering Societies.
5.2 Scientific Societies.
5.3 Engineering Societies.
5.4 Codes of Ethics and Ethical Standards.
5.5 Promoting Research Integrity.
5.6 The Effectiveness of Society Activities.
5.7 Academic Freedom.
6. Codes of Ethics and Ethical Standards.
6.3 Codes of Ethics.
6.4 The Premise Behind Codes of Ethics.
6.5 Codes of Ethics and Peer Reviews.
7. Integrity in Research.
7.2 The Nature and Conduct of Research.
7.3 Collecting Research Data.
7.4 The Controls.
8. Publication and Communication.
8.2 The Scientific and Engineering Literature.
8.3 The Journals.
8.4 Data Manipulation for Publication.
8.5 Detecting Falsified Data.
8.6 Peer Reviewers and Their Duties.
8.7 Duties and Responsibilities of a Journal Editor.
9. Enforcement of Codes of Ethics.
9.2 Following a Code of Ethics.
9.3 Enforcing a Code of Ethics
9.4 Reporting Misconduct.
9.5 Published Examples of Unethical Behavior.