Superacid Chemistry. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2172955
  • Book
  • 872 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The chemistry of superacids deals with acid systems stronger than conventional strong mineral Bronsted acids such as sulfuric acid and Lewis acids such as aluminum trichloride. The first edition of
Superacid Chemistry, published in 1985, quickly became the definitive work in the field. Since that time, however, the field has grown exponentially, with the development of new superacid systems and innovative superacid applications. This Second Edition of
Superacid Chemistry has been published to bring this acclaimed book fully up to date with all these new developments.

Superacid Chemistry features a team of pioneering authors in the field headed by George Olah, the 1994 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. The book covers:

  • General aspects of superacid chemistry, including types of superacids and experimental techniques for acidity measurements
  • Superacids systems, including primary, ternary, and solid superacids
  • Carbocations in superacids, including methods of generating carbocations in superacids and methods and techniques in the study of carbocations
  • Heterocations in superacids, including onium ions, enium ions, homo–, and heteropolyatomic cations, and cations of group 6–12 elements
  • Superacids catalyzed reactions, including conversion of saturated hydrocarbons and alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons

Extensive references are provided throughout the book to guide readers to the primary literature for further in–depth investigations. In short, this Second Edition meets the growing need for current information on superacid chemistry among researchers in inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry in order to support and advance their research.

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Preface to the Second Edition.

Preface to the First Edition.

Chapter 1: General Aspects.

1.1. Defining Acidity.

1.2. Definition of Superacids.

1.3. Types of Superacids.

1.4. Experimental Techniques for Acidity Measurements (Protic Acids).

Chapter 2: Superacid Systems.

2.1. Primary Superacids.

2.2. Binary Superacids.

2.3. Ternary Superacids.

2.4. Solid Superacids.

Chapter 3: Carbocations in Superacid Systems.

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. Methods of Generating Carbocations in Superacids.

3.3. Methods and Techniques in the Study of Carbocations.

3.4. Trivalent Carbocations.

3.5. Equilibrating (Degenerate) and Higher (Five or Six) Coordinate (Nonclassical) Carbocations.

Chapter 4: Heterocations in Superacid Systems.

4.1. Introduction.

4.2. Onium Ions.

4.3. Enium Ions.

4.4. Homo– And Heteropolyatomic Cations.

4.5. Cations of Group 6–12 Elements.

Chapter 5: Superacid–Catalyzed Reactions.

5.1. Conversion of Saturated Hydrocarbons.

5.2. Alkylation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

5.3. Acylation of Aromatics.

5.4. Carboxylation.

5.5. Formylation.

5.6. Thio– and Dithiocarboxylation.

5.7. Sulfonation and Sulfonylation.

5.8. Nitration.

5.9. Nitrosonium Ion (No+)–Induced Reactions.

5.10. Halogenation.

5.11. Amination.

5.12. Oxyfunctionalization.

5.13. Superacids in Protection Group Chemistry.

5.14. Superacids in Heterocyclic Chemistry.

5.15. Dehydration.

5.16. Superacids in Carbohydrate Chemistry.

5.17. Rearrangements and Cyclizations.

5.18. Ionic Hydrogenation.

5.19. Esterification and Ester Cleavage.

5.20. Additions.

5.21. Ritter Reactions.

5.22. Polymerization.

5.23. Miscellaneous Reactions.

References.

Outlook.

Index.

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George A. Olah
G. K. Surya Prakash
Jean Sommer
Arpad Molnar
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