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Next Generation SONET/SDH. Voice and Data

  • ID: 2172975
  • Book
  • February 2004
  • 216 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The next generation SONET/SDH answers the demand for a communications network with improved data QoS, higher data rates, exceptional flexibility, efficiency and scalability, superb protection, and a data–friendly standard, by integrating the simplicity and cost–efficiency of the data network with bandwidth capacity and QoS of the synchronous optical network.

Designed for communication specialists who need to understand the implications and implementation requirements of the next generation optical network. Next Generation SONET/SDH: Voice and Data offers an accessible yet comprehensive introduction to this latest version of SONET/SDH. In this, his fourth book on optical networking, Dr. Kartalopoulos explains in simple terms the wealth of new protocols designed to optimize this new optical network, increase its efficiency, and decrease its cost.

Featuring only essential mathematics and supported by many helpful illustrations, the text:

  • Explains and references the new SONET/SDH standards
  • Details the many implications and improvements that the next generation of SONET–over–DWDM will bring
  • Provides careful explanations of such optical systems as Data–over SONET, Packet–over–SONET, Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAST), the Generalized Framing Procedure (GFP), Link Access Procedure for SDH (LAPS), Internet and Gigabit Ethernet over SONET, Virtual Concatenation, the Multi–Service Provisioning Platform (MSPP), and the Multi–Service Switching Platform (MSSP). In addition, the book explains other optical networks including the optical transport network (OTN).
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1 Synchronous Hierarchical Networks.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Switching Hierarchy.

1.3 Digital Subscriber Lines.

1.3.1 2B1Q.

1.3.2 DMT.

1.3.3 CAP.


2 Synchronous Optical Networks SONET/SDH.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 SONET Frames.

2.3 Virtual Tributaries.

2.4 STS–N Frames.

2.4.1 Concatenation and Super Rates.

2.4.2 Scrambling.

2.4.3 Mapping by Layer.

2.5 Maintenance.

2.6 Summary.


3 Asynchronous Data/Packet Networks.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Data Traffic Concepts.

3.2.1 Natural Information Rate.

3.2.2 Packet Networks.

3.2.3 Timing Aspects.

3.3 Review of Data Networks.

3.3.1 Ethernet.

3.3.2 FDDI.

3.3.3 Switched Multi–megabit Data Services.

3.3.4 Frame Relay.

3.3.5 Internet Protocol.

3.3.6 IP Telephony or Voice over IP.

3.3.5 FAX over IP.

3.4 Point–to–Point Protocol.

3.5 8B/10B Block Coding Overview.

3.5.1 Example, 3B/4B Block Coding.

3.6 Fiber Channel.

3.7 ESCON.

3.8 FICON.

3.9 Gigabit Ethernet.

3.10 Resilient Packet Ring.

3.11 LAPS.

3.12 Ethernet over LAPS over Legacy SONET/SDH.

3.13 IP over LAPS over SONET/SDH.

3.14 MPLS, MPλS and GMPLS.

3.15 XDLC.

3.16 ATM.

3.16 ATM over SONET/SDH.


4 The Generic Framing Procedure.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Frame Multiplexing.

4.3 Client Payload Multiplexing.

4.4 GFP Frame Structure.

4.5 Error Control.

4.5.1 Header Error Control.

4.6 Delineation.

4.7 Scrambling.

4.7.1 Frame Structure Payload.

4.8 Idle GFP Frames and Multiplexing.

4.9 GFP Modes.

4.9.1 The Frame–Mapped GFP (GFP–F).

4.9.2 GFP–F Encapsulation Examples.

4.9.3 The Transparent–Mapped GFP (GFP–T).

4.9.4 GFP–F Encapsulation Examples.

4.9.5 GFP–F and GFP–T Comparison.


5 Next Generation SONET/SDH.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 The Next Generation SONET/SDH.

5.3 Contiguous Concatenation.

5.4 Virtual Concatenation.

5.5 LCAS.

5.6 Concatenation Efficiency.

5.7 Data over Next Generation SONET/SDH.


6 Next Generation Optical Networks.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Next Generation Optical Rings.

6.3 Shared Rings.

6.4 Protection.

6.5 Network Management.

6.6 Bandwidth Management.

6.7 Wavelength Management.

6.8 Service Restoration.


7 Other New Optical Networks.

7.1 The Optical Transport Network.

7.1.1 FEC in OTN.

7.1.2 OPU–k.

7.1.3 ODU–k.

7.1.4 OTU–k.

7.1.5 The Optical Channel.

7.1.6 Optical Channel Carrier and Optical Channel Group.

7.1.7 Nonassociated Overhead.

7.1.8 Mapping in OTN.

7.1.9 Mapping GFP Frames in OPU–k.

7.2 Next Generation SONET/SDH and OTN.

7.3 OTN Summary.


8 NG–S over DWDM, OTN over DWDM, and Experimental Networks.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 OTN over DWDM.

8.3 Experimental Networks.

8.3.1 Ethernet Passive Optical Networks.

8.3.2 CDWM E–PON.

8.3.2 The Wavelength–Bus.

8.3.3 High–Performance Parallel Interface.

8.3.4 Other Parallel Optical Buses.

8.4 Conclusion.


Appendix A.

Appendix B.

Appendix C.



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Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos
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