Based on the author′s twenty–plus years of field experience, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual is a comprehensive text that covers the complete curriculum requirements set forth by OSHA and HazWOPER. Highly accessible and broad in focus, the book is equally useful as a technical resource for training, a hands–on reference for field operations, and a textbook for environmental courses in a variety of areas.
Coverage includes: Methods recommended by professional societies and regulatory agencies including the National Fire Protection Association, OSHA, EPA, and NIOSH Practical examples and assignments in each chapter to supplement the text and enhance usefulness to students.
Introduction – History of Employee Health and Safety Regulations.
The Environmental Protection Agency.
Hazardous Waste Numbers.
EPA Identification Numbers.
Clean Water Act.
Clean Air Act.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
Toxic Substance Control Act.
Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA).
Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act (SARA).
Department of Labor?Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
Department of Transportation (DOT).
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
NFPA 704 Labeling.
Hazard Communication Standard.
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER).
Incident Command System (ICS).
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards.
Emergency Response Guidebook.
2. HAZARD CLASSIFICATION.
Explosion and Fire.
General Safety Hazards.
Poisonous Snakes, Insects, and Plants.
Definition of Hazardous Materials vs. Hazardous Waste.
Classification of Hazardous Materials.
Physical Properties of Hazardous Materials.
Vapor Density and Specific Gravity.
Firefighting and Fire Prevention.
Portable Fire Extinguishers.
Toxic Products of Combustion.
Reactivity of Some Common Elements.
Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE).
Flammable and Combustible Liquid.
3. SITE SAFETY PLAN.
Safety Plan Development.
Describe the Known Hazards and Risks.
List Key Personnel and Alternates.
Designate Levels of Protection to be Worn.
Delineate Work Areas.
List Control Procedures.
Establish Decontamination Procedures.
Address Requirements for an Environmental Surveillance Program.
Specify Any Routine and/or Special Training Required.
Establish Procedures for Weather–Related Problems.
On Site Emergencies.
Establish Site Emergency Procedures.
Address Emergency Medical Care.
Implementation of the Site Safety Plan.
Typical Safety Plan Outline.
Consulting Firm / Site Safety Officer (SSO).
4. SITE CHARACTERIZATION.
Protection of Site Entry Workforce.
Continuing the Survey.
Threshold Limit Values.
Permissible Exposure Limit.
Recommended Exposure Limit.
Potential Skin Absorption and Irritation.
Potential Eye Irritation.
Flammable and Explosive Range.
5. SITE CONTROL.
Site Preparation Tasks.
Site Work Zones.
Exclusion or Hot Zone.
Contamination Reduction or Warm Zone.
Support Zone or Cold Zone.
Enforce Decontamination Procedures.
6. TOXICOLOGY AND MEDICAL MONITORING.
Toxicity vs. Hazard.
Measurement of Response.
Use of Dose–Response Relationship.
Limitations of Dose–Response Data.
Routes of Exposure.
Synergism, Antagonism, and Potentiation.
Kinds of Toxicity.
Types of Toxic Effects.
Toxic Substances and Cancer–Causing Agents.
Introduction to Medical Monitoring.
Developing a Program.
Sample Pre–Employment Examination.
Additional Medical Testing.
Periodic Medical Examinations.
Sample Periodic Medical Examination.
Program Review and Summary.
7. AIR MONITORING.
Monitoring for Dangerous Conditions.
General On–Site Monitoring.
Variables of Hazardous–Waste Site Exposure.
Limitations and Advantages of Monitoring Equipment.
8. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.
Developing a Personal Protective Equipment Program.
Program Review and Evaluation.
Selection of Protective Clothing.
Examples of Protective Clothing.
Selection of Chemical Protective Clothing (CPC).
Selection of Ensembles.
Personal Protective Equipment Use.
Heat Stress and Other Physiological Factors.
Cold Weather Operations.
Level of Acclimatization.
9. DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES.
Preplanning for Decontamination.
Personal Protective Equipment.
Types of Decontamination.
Level of Protection.
Location of Contamination.
Reasons for Leaving Site.
Establishment of Procedures.
Decontamination during Medical Emergencies.
Partial and Full Decontamination.
10. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION.
Selection of Respiratory Equipment.
Air–Line Respirators (ALRs).
Self–Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA).
Cleaning of Respirators.
11. ENGINEERING CONTROLS.
Handling Hazardous–Waste Containers.
Packaged Laboratory Wastes.
Bulging, Leaking, Open, Deteriorated, or Buried Drums.
Compressed Gas Cylinders.
Ponds and Lagoons.
Tanks and Vaults.
Trenching and Excavation Safety.
12. SITE EMERGENCIES.
Federal Response Organizations.
Emergency Recognition and Prevention.
Safe Distances and Refuges.
Site Security and Control.
Personal Locator Systems.
Evacuation Routes and Procedures.
Medical Treatment and First Aid.
Emergency Response Procedures.
Emergency Response Plan.