Radio Frequency (RF) design techniques and applications have greatly expanded over the past decade. This Second Edition of Radio Frequency Circuit Design has been thoroughly updated to cover the latest developments in RF communications, giving practicing engineers and students authoritative guidance in contemporary design and analysis of RF circuit components.
This new edition features clear, step–by–step demonstrations of new design techniques for RF circuits, including phase locked loops, filters, transformers, amplifiers, mixers, and oscillators. It offers a better understanding of RF power amplifiers and expands upon class D and E power amplifier treatment. Also increased coverage is given to oscillator phase noise and impedance matching. The book includes real–life examples illustrating the role of the described techniques in the overall design of various RF communication systems; additional features include solenoid design and double–tuned matching circuit examples, transistor and amplifier formulas, transformed frequency domain measurements, and analytical spiral inductor model references.
To aid in the learning process, problems are included at the end of each chapter. In addition, source code for the programs illustrated throughout the book is available online, making the programs even more valuable to the working engineer in need of a quick solution and to the student looking to understand some of the details in a computation. Also included are summary tables, graphs, equations, and SPICE examples.
Covering both the timeless principles of receiver and transmitter circuit design and the latest technological applications in RF communications, Radio Frequency Circuit Design, Second Edition is designed as a primary text for graduate students in a RF circuits course, as well as a field reference for professional engineers.
Preface to the First Edition.
1 Information Transfer Technology.
1.2 Information and Capacity.
1.3 Dependent States.
1.4 Basic Transmitter?Receiver Confi guration.
1.5 Active Device Technology.
2 Resistors, Capacitors, and Inductors.
3 Impedance Matching.
3.2 The Q Factor.
3.3 Resonance and Bandwidth.
3.4 Unloaded Q.
3.5 L Circuit Impedance Matching.
3.6 Transformation Circuit.
3.7 T Transformation Circuit.
3.8 Tapped Capacitor Transformer.
3.9 Parallel Double–Tuned Transformer.
4 Multiport Circuit Parameters and Transmission Lines.
4.1 Voltage?Current Two–Port Parameters.
4.2 ABCD Parameters.
4.3 Image Impedance.
4.4 Telegrapher′s Equations.
4.5 Transmission Line Equation.
4.6 Smith Chart.
4.7 Transmission Line Stub Transformer.
4.8 Commonly Used Transmission Lines.
4.9 Scattering Parameters.
4.10 Indefinite Admittance Matrix.
4.11 Indefinite Scattering Matrix.
5 Filter Design and Approximation.
5.2 Ideal and Approximate Filter Types.
5.3 Transfer Function and Basic Filter Concepts.
5.4 Ladder Network Filters.
5.5 Elliptic Filter.
5.6 Matching Between Unequal Resistance Levels.
6 Transmission Line Transformers.
6.2 Ideal Transmission Line Transformers.
6.3 Transmission Line Transformer Synthesis.
6.4 Electrically Long Transmission Line Transformers.
6.6 Dividers and Combiners.
6.7 The 90° Coupler.
7 Noise in RF Amplifiers.
7.1 Sources of Noise.
7.2 Thermal Noise.
7.3 Shot Noise.
7.4 Noise Circuit Analysis.
7.5 Amplifier Noise Characterization.
7.6 Noise Measurement.
7.7 Noisy Two–Port Circuits.
7.8 Two–Port Noise Factor Derivation.
7.9 Fukui Noise Model for Transistors.
8 Class A Amplifiers.
8.2 Defi nitions of Gain.
8.3 Transducer Power Gain of a Two–Port Network.
8.4 Power Gain Using S Parameters.
8.5 Simultaneous Match for Maximum Power Gain.
8.7 Class A Power Amplifiers.
8.8 Power Combining of Power Amplifiers.
8.9 Properties of Cascaded Amplifiers.
8.10 Amplifier Design for Optimum Gain and Noise.
9 RF Power Amplifiers.
9.1 Transistor Configurations.
9.2 Class B Amplifier.
9.3 Class C Amplifier.
9.4 Class C Input Bias Voltage.
9.5 Class D Power Amplifier.
9.6 Class E Power Amplifier.
9.7 Class F Power Amplifier.
9.8 Feed–Forward Amplifiers.
10 Oscillators and Harmonic Generators.
10.1 Oscillator Fundamentals.
10.2 Feedback Theory.
10.3 Two–Port Oscillators with External Feedback.
10.4 Practical Oscillator Example.
10.5 Minimum Requirements of the Reflection Coefficient.
10.6 Common Gate (Base) Oscillators.
10.7 Stability of an Oscillator.
10.8 Injection–Locked Oscillator.
10.9 Oscillator Phase Noise.
10.10 Harmonic Generators.
11 RF Mixers.
11.1 Nonlinear Device Characteristics.
11.2 Figures of Merit for Mixers.
11.3 Single–Ended Mixers.
11.4 Single–Balanced Mixers.
11.5 Double–Balanced Mixers.
11.6 Double–Balanced Transistor Mixers.
11.7 Spurious Response.
11.8 Single–Sideband Noise Factor and Noise Temperature.
11.9 Special Mixer Applications.
12 Phase–Lock Loops.
12.2 PLL Design Background.
12.3 PLL Applications.
12.4 PLL Basics.
12.5 Loop Design Principles.
12.6 Linear Analysis of the PLL.
12.7 Locking a Phase–Lock Loop.
12.8 Loop Types.
12.9 Negative Feedback in a PLL.
12.10 PLL Design Equations.
12.11 Phase Detector Types.
12.12 Design Examples.
Appendix A Example of a Solenoid Design.
Appendix B Analytical Spiral Inductor Model.
Appendix C Double–Tuned Matching Circuit Example.
Appendix D Two–Port Parameter Conversion.
Appendix E Termination of a Transistor Port with a Load.
Appendix F Transistor and Amplifier Formulas.
Appendix G Transformed Frequency–Domain Measurements Using SPICE.
Appendix H Single–Tone Intermodulation Distortion Suppression for Double–Balanced Mixers.